Kaliningrad

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Kaliningrad (Scots)
Калининград (Roushie)
-  Ceety[citation needit]  -
Old cathedral of Kaliningrad in Russia.jpg
Auld Königsberg amid the modren Kaliningrad
Map of Russia - Kaliningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Kaliningrad Oblast in Roushie
Kaliningrad is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Location o Kaliningrad in Kaliningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 54°43′N 20°31′E / 54.717°N 20.517°E / 54.717; 20.517
Kgd gerb.png
Flag of Kaliningrad.png
Coat o airms
Banner
Ceety Day July 4; observit on the first Seturday o Julie[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status (as o November 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae ceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[1]
Admeenistrative center o Kaliningrad Oblast,[2] ceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[1]
Municipal status (as o July 2009)
Urban okrug Kaliningrad Urban Okrug[3]
Admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Urban Okrug[3]
Head[citation needit] Alexander Yaroshuk[citation needit]
Representative body Ceety Cooncil o Deputies[citation needit]
Statistics
Aurie (urban okrug) (February 2012) 223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
431,402 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 40th
Densitie(Februar 2012) 1,900 /km2 (4,900 /sq mi)[4]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1255[citation needit]
Postal code(s) 236000[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 4012[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kaliningrad (Roushie: Калинингра́д‎; Pols: Królewiec; Lithuanie: Karaliaučius; Greek: Kalininopolis) is a seaport an the admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Oblast, the Roushie exclave atween Poland an Lithuanie on the Baltic Sea. The territory, the northren pairt o the umwhile East Prussie, borders on NATO an EU members Poland an Lithuanie, an is geographically separatit frae the rest o Roushie.

Oreeginally named Königsberg in German (Roushie: Кёнигсберг‎, Lithuanie: Karaliaučius, Pols: Królewiec, Auld Prussian: Twānkstathe an "Kunnegsgarbs", Laitin: Regiomontium), the toun wis founded in 1255, an wis lairgely destroyed durin Warld War II. Its ruins wur occupied bi the Soviet Airmy in 1945 an its German citizens forced oot. It wis renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 in honour o Mikhail Kalinin.

At the 2002 Census, its population wis 430,003, an increase frae the 401,280 recordit in the 1989 Census. Its ethnic composition is 77.9% Roushies, 8.0% Belaroushies, 7.3% Ukrainians, 1.9% Lithuanians,[7] 0.6% Germans, and 0.5% Poles.[8]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kaliningrad is twinned wi:[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Ref648
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  4. 4.0 4.1 Offeecial wabsteid o Kaliningrad. Passport o Kaliningrad Urban Okrug. (Roushie)
  5. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Kaliningrad Oblast
  8. Learn Russian in Russia
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Kaliningrad - Partner Cities". © 2000-2006 Kaliningrad City Hall. Retrieved 2008-12-08. [deid airtin]
  10. "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'" (in Pols & Inglis). © 2009 Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  11. "Twin Cities". The City of Łódź Office. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Poland.svg (in Inglis and Pols) © 2007 UMŁ. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  12. "Malmö stads vänortssamarbete" (in Swadish). © 2004-2009 Malmö stad, 205 80 Malmö, Organisationsnummer: 212000-1124. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 
  13. "Biogas - on the "peaceful" purposes". Press service city hall. Retrieved 2003-12-29. [deid airtin]
  14. "Groningen - Partner Cities". © 2008 Gemeente Groningen, Kreupelstraat 1,9712 HW Groningen. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  15. "Ireland and Russia build a stragic partnership". Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  16. Kaliningrad information