Kaliningrad

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Kaliningrad (Scots)
Калининград (Roushie)
-  Ceety  -
Old cathedral of Kaliningrad in Russia.jpg
Auld Königsberg amid the modren Kaliningrad
Missing map.svg
Kgd gerb.png
Flag of Kaliningrad.png
Coat of arms
Flag
Ceety Day July 4; observit on the first Seturday o Julie[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status (as o November 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Kaliningrad Oblast
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae ceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[1]
Admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Oblast,[2] ceety o oblast significance o Kaliningrad[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2009)
Urban okrug Kaliningrad Urban Okrug[3]
Admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Urban Okrug[3]
Head[citation needit] Alexander Yaroshuk[citation needit]
Representative bouk Ceety Cooncil o Deputies[citation needit]
Statistics
Aurie (urban okrug) (February 2012) 223.03 km2 (86.11 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 431,402 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2010 40th
Density (Februar 2012) 1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)[4]
Time zone USZ1 (UTC+02:00)[6]
Founded 1255[citation needit]
Postal code(s)[7] 236000
Dialin code(s) +7 4012[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid
Kaliningrad on Wikimedia Commons

Kaliningrad (Roushie: Калинингра́д; Pols: Królewiec; Lithuanie: Karaliaučius; Greek: Kalininopolis) is a seaport an the admeenistrative centre o Kaliningrad Oblast, the Roushie exclave atween Poland an Lithuanie on the Baltic Sea. The territory, the northren pairt o the umwhile East Prussie, borders on NATO an EU members Poland an Lithuanie, an is geographically separatit frae the rest o Roushie.

Oreeginally named Königsberg in German (Roushie: Кёнигсберг, Lithuanie: Karaliaučius, Pols: Królewiec, Auld Prussian: Twānkstathe an "Kunnegsgarbs", Laitin: Regiomontium), the toun wis founded in 1255, an wis lairgely destroyed durin Warld War II. Its ruins wur occupied bi the Soviet Airmy in 1945 an its German citizens forced oot. It wis renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 in honour o Mikhail Kalinin.

At the 2002 Census, its population wis 430,003, an increase frae the 401,280 recordit in the 1989 Census. Its ethnic composition is 77.9% Roushies, 8.0% Belaroushies, 7.3% Ukrainians, 1.9% Lithuanians,[8] 0.6% Germans, and 0.5% Poles.[9]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kaliningrad is twinned wi:[10]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Resolution #640
  2. Law #463
  3. 3.0 3.1 Law #397
  4. 4.0 4.1 Offeecial wabsteid o Kaliningrad. Passport o Kaliningrad Urban Okrug. (Roushie)
  5. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Roushie Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Roushie)
  8. Kaliningrad Oblast
  9. Learn Russian in Russia
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "Kaliningrad - Partner Cities". © 2000-2006 Kaliningrad City Hall. Retrieved 2008-12-08. [deid airtin]
  11. "Gdańsk Official Website: 'Miasta partnerskie'" (in Pols & Inglis). © 2009 Urząd Miejski w Gdańsku. Retrieved 2009-07-11.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  12. "Twin Cities". The City of Łódź Office. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Flag of Poland.svg (in Inglis and Pols) © 2007 UMŁ. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 
  13. "Malmö stads vänortssamarbete" (in Swadish). © 2004-2009 Malmö stad, 205 80 Malmö, Organisationsnummer: 212000-1124. Retrieved 2009-06-27.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  14. "Biogas - on the "peaceful" purposes". Press service city hall. Retrieved 2003-12-29. [deid airtin]
  15. "Groningen - Partner Cities". © 2008 Gemeente Groningen, Kreupelstraat 1,9712 HW Groningen. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  16. "Ireland and Russia build a stragic partnership". Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  17. Kaliningrad information