Brest, Belaroushie

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Brest (Belaroushie: Брэст; Roushie: Брест; see an aa alternative names), an aa Brest-on-the-Bug ("Brześć nad Bugiem" in Pols) an Brest-Litovsk ("Brześć Litewski" in Pols), is a ceety (population 310,800 in 2010) in Belaroushie at the mairch wi Poland opposite the ceety o Terespol, whaur the Wastren Bug an Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the caipital ceety o the Brest Voblast.

Bein situatit on the main railwey line connectin Berlin an Moscow, an an intercontinental hieway (the European route E30), Brest became a principal mairch crossin syne Warld War II in Soviet times. The day it links the European Union an the Commonweel o Independent States.

Acause o the break-o-gauge at Brest, whaur the Roushie braid gauge meets the European staundart gauge, aw passenger trains, comin frae Poland, must hae thair bogies replaced here, for tae traivel on athort Belaroushie, an the freight must be transloaded frae caurs o ane gauge tae caurs o anither. Some o the laund in the Brest rail yards remains contaminatit as a result o the transshipment o radioactive materials here syne Soviet days awtho cleanup operations hae been takin place.

Ceety name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are several theories o the ceety name oreegin. The maist common are as follaes,

  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Slavic ruit beresta meanin birch, bark,
  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Slavic ruit berest meanin elm,
  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Lithuanian wird brasta meanin ford.[1]

Ance a centre o Jewish scholarship, the ceety's name in Yiddish, is בריסק ("Brisk"), hence the term "Brisker" uised tae describe followers o the influential Soloveitchik faimily o rabbis.

Coat of arms[eedit | eedit soorce]

The coat o arms features an arrow pyntit upwards and a bow on a sky blue shield.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brest is twinned wi:[2]

   

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Encyclopedia Lituanica. Boston, Massachusetts, Vol. I, p.409. LCC74-114275
  2. "Побратимские связи г. Бреста". city.brest.by (in Russian). Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  3. "Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська". mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 March 2010. 


Coordinates: 52°08′N 23°40′E / 52.13°N 23.67°E / 52.13; 23.67