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Brest, Belaroushie

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Banner o Brest
Coat of airms o Brest
Coat airms
Brest is located in Belaroushie
Location o Brest in Belaroushie
Coordinates: 52°08′N 23°40′E / 52.133°N 23.667°E / 52.133; 23.667Coordinates: 52°08′N 23°40′E / 52.133°N 23.667°E / 52.133; 23.667
Kintra Belaroushie
RegionBrest Region
DestrictsBrest Destrict
First mention (Primar Chronicle)1019
First mention (Novgorod First Chronicle)1017
 • Chairman o the Brest Ceety Executive CommitteeAleksandr Rogachuk
 • Chairman o the Brest Ceety Cooncil o DeputesNikolai Krasovsky
 • Total145 km2 (56 sq mi)
280.4 m (919.9 ft)
 • Total347,576
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
Postal code
Area code(s)+375 (0)162
License plate1
WebsiteExecutive committee

Brest (Belaroushie: Брэст; Roushie: Брест; see an aa alternative names), an aa Brest-on-the-Bug ("Brześć nad Bugiem" in Pols) an Brest-Litovsk ("Brześć Litewski" in Pols), is a ceety (population 310,800 in 2010) in Belaroushie at the mairch wi Poland opposite the ceety o Terespol, whaur the Wastren Bug an Mukhavets rivers meet. It is the caipital ceety o the Brest Voblast.

Bein situatit on the main railwey line connectin Berlin an Moscow, an an intercontinental hieway (the European route E30), Brest became a principal mairch crossin syne Warld War II in Soviet times. The day it links the European Union an the Commonweel o Independent States.

Acause o the break-o-gauge at Brest, whaur the Roushie braid gauge meets the European staundart gauge, aw passenger trains, comin frae Poland, must hae thair bogies replaced here, for tae traivel on athort Belaroushie, an the fraucht must be translaidit frae caurs o ane gauge tae caurs o anither. Some o the laund in the Brest rail yairds remains contaminatit as a result o the transshipment o radioactive materials here syne Soviet days awtho cleanup operations hae been takin place.

Ceety name

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Thare are several theories o the ceety name oreegin. The maist common are as follaes,

  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Slavic ruit beresta meanin birch, bark,
  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Slavic ruit berest meanin elm,
  • the name o the ceety comes frae the Lithuanian wird brasta meanin ford.[2]

Ance a centre o Jewish scholarship, the ceety's name in Yiddish, is בריסק ("Brisk"), hence the term "Brisker" uised tae describe followers o the influential Soloveitchik faimily o rabbis.

Coat of arms

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The coat o arms features an arrow pyntit upwards and a bow on a sky blue shield.

Internaitional relations

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Twin touns — Sister ceeties

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Brest is twinned wi:[3]



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  1. "The population of all cities and urban settlements in the Brest Region according to census results and latest official estimates". City Population. Retrieved 1 Januar 2018.
  2. Encyclopedia Lituanica. Boston, Massachusetts, Vol. I, p.409. LCC74-114275
  3. "Побратимские связи г. Бреста". city.brest.by (in Russian). Archived frae the original on 18 Apryle 2009. Retrieved 8 Mairch 2010.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. "Офіційний сайт міста Івано-Франківська". mvk.if.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 Mairch 2010.