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This airticle is aboot the caipital o Massachusetts. For the oreeginal Inglis toun, see Boston, Lincolnshire. For ither uisses, see Boston (disambiguation).
City of Boston
St. Paul Street MBTA station, Boston MA.jpg
Banner o Boston
Offeecial seal o Boston
Beantown,[1] The Hub,[1] The Cradle of Liberty,[2] The Cradle of Modern America,[1] The Athens of America,[2] The Walking City[1]
Sicut patribus sit Deus nobis (Latin "As God wis wi oor faithers, so mey He be wi us")
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
Boston is locatit in United States
Location in the Unitit States
Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806°N 71.06361°W / 42.35806; -71.06361Coordinates: 42°21′29″N 71°03′49″W / 42.35806°N 71.06361°W / 42.35806; -71.06361
Kintra Unitit States
Historic KintrasKinrick o Ingland, Kinrick o Great Breetain
State Massachusetts
Historic ColonyProvince o Massachusetts Bay
Settled (toun)7 September 1630 (date o namin, O.S.)
Incorporatit (ceety)4 Mairch 1822
 • TeepStrang mayor – cooncil
 • MayorThomas M. Menino (D), tae be succeedit bi Marty Walsh (D)
 • CooncilBoston City Council
 • Ceety232 km2 (90 sq mi)
 • Laund125 km2 (48 sq mi)
 • Watter107 km2 (41 sq mi)
 • Urban
4,600 km2 (1,770 sq mi)
 • Metro
11,700 km2 (4,500 sq mi)
 • CSA27,600 km2 (10,600 sq mi)
43 m (141 ft)
 • Ceety636,479 (US: 21st)
 • Density4,980/km2 (12,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
4,180,000 (US: 10th)
 • Metro
4,590,000 (US: 10t)
 • CSA
7,600,000 (US: 6t)
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
Aurie code(s)617 and 857
FIPS code25-07000
GNIS feature ID0617565

Boston (pronooncit /ˈbɒstən/ ( listen)) is the caipital o an lairgest ceety in Massachusetts, an is ane o the auldest ceeties in the Unitit States. The lairgest ceety in New Ingland, Boston is regardit as the unoffeecial "Caipital o New Ingland" for its economic an cultural impact on the entire New Ingland region.[9] The ceety proper haed a 2009 estimatit population o 645,169, makin it the twintiet lairgest in the kintra.[3] Boston is an aa the anchor o a substantially lairger metropolitan aurie cried Greater Boston, hame tae 4.5 million fowk an the tent-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra.[6] Greater Boston as a commutin region includes sax Massachusetts coonties: Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Plymouth, Worcester,[10] northren Bristol Coonty, aw o Rhode Island an pairts o New Hampshire; it is hame tae 7.6 million fowk, makkin it the fift-lairgest Combined Statistical Aurie in the Unitit States.[7][11]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boston haes aicht offeecial sister ceeties as recognised bi Sister Cities International.[12] The date column indicates the year in which the relationship wis established. Kyoto wis Boston's first sister ceety.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Kyoto Japan Japan 1959 [13]
Strasbourg Fraunce Fraunce 1960 [14][15]
Barcelona Spain Spain 1980 [16][17]
Hangzhou Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Fowkrepublic o Cheenae 1982 [12]
Padua Italy Italy 1983 [18]
Melbourne Australie Australie 1985


Taipei Republic o Cheenae Republic o Cheenae (Taiwan) 1996 [20]
Sekondi-Takoradi Ghana Ghana 2001 [12]

Boston an aa haes less formal friendship or pairtnership relationships wi a additional three ceeties.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Boston, Lincolnshire Unitit Kinrick Unitit Kinrick 1999 [21][22]
Haifa Israel Israel 1999 [23]
Valladolid Spain Spain 2007 [24]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Dalager, Norman (2006-08-10). "What's in a nickname?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wechter 2009, p. 14.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State – County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  4. "State & County QuickFacts – Boston (city), Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. January 10, 2013. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
  5. "Alphabetically sorted list of Census 2000 Urbanized Areas" (TXT). United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Combined statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  8. "ZIP Code Lookup – Search By City". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
  9. Steinbicker, Earl (2000). 50 one day adventures—Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire. Hastings House/Daytrips Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 0-8038-2008-9.
  10. "Boston Worcester Manchester Demographic Profile: Region 19". Federal Transit Administration. 2007-01-31. Retrieved 2010-08-30. 21 pp.
  11. "Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH Combined Statistical Area" (PDF). U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-20. Included in the CSA: MA counties: Bristol, Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk and Worcester; NH counties: Belknap, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham and Strafford; RI counties (entire state): Bristol, Kent, Newport, Providence and Washington (South County)
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "Boston Sister Cities". The City of Boston. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  13. "Sister and Other Associated Cities". Kyoto City Web. City of Kyoto. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  14. "Twinning, cooperation and international solidarity" (in French). Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  15. "Boston Strasbourg Sister City Association". Boston-Strasbourg Sister City Association (BSSCA). Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  16. "Twinning agreements – Boston". Barcelona City Council. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  17. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 2009-07-13. External link in |publisher= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  18. "The twin cities of Padua". Padovanet (in Italian). Comune di Padova. 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  19. "Sister cities – Boston". City of Melbourne. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  20. "International Sister Cities". Taipei City Council. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  21. "Town twinning". Boston Borough Council. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  22. "Partnership of the Historic Bostons". Partnership of the Historic Bostons. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
  23. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Retrieved 2009-04-05.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  24. Press Office of the Municipality of Valladolid (2007-09-18). "Valladolid and Boston have signed a protocol of friendship between the two cities" (in Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Valladolid. Retrieved 2009-04-05.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)