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This airticle is aboot the caipital o Massachusetts. For the oreeginal Inglis toun, see Boston, Lincolnshire. For ither uisses, see Boston (disambiguation).
City of Boston
St. Paul Street MBTA station, Boston MA.jpg
Banner o Boston
Offeecial seal o Boston
Nickname(s): Beantown,[1] The Hub,[1] The Cradle of Liberty,[2] The Cradle of Modern America,[1] The Athens of America,[2] The Walking City[1]
Motto(s): Sicut patribus sit Deus nobis (Latin "As God wis wi oor faithers, so mey He be wi us")
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
Location in Massachusetts heichlichtit in reid. The remainder o Suffolk Coonty is heichlichtit in pink.
Kintra  Unitit States
Historic Kintras Kinrick o Ingland, Kinrick o Great Breetain
State  Massachusetts
Historic Colony Province o Massachusetts Bay
Coonty Suffolk
Settled (toun) 7 September 1630 (date o namin, O.S.)
Incorporatit (ceety) 4 Mairch 1822
 • Teep Strang mayor – cooncil
 • Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D), tae be succeedit bi Marty Walsh (D)
 • Cooncil Boston City Council
 • Ceety 90 sq mi (232 km2)
 • Laund 48 sq mi (125 km2)
 • Watter 41 sq mi (107 km2)
 • Urban 1,770 sq mi (4,600 km2)
 • Metro 4,500 sq mi (11,700 km2)
 • CSA 10,600 sq mi (27,600 km2)
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (2012)[3]ref name="quickfacts">"State & County QuickFacts – Boston (city), Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Januar 10, 2013. Retrieved Februar 5, 2013. </ref>[4][5][6]
 • Ceety 636,479 (US: 21st)
 • Density 12,900/sq mi (4,980/km2)
 • Urban 4,180,000 (US: 10th)
 • Metro 4,590,000 (US: 10t)
 • CSA 7,600,000 (US: 6t)
 • Demonym Bostonian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s)
Aurie code(s) 617 and 857
FIPS code 25-07000
GNIS feature ID 0617565

Boston (pronooncit /ˈbɒstən/ ( listen)) is the caipital o an lairgest ceety in Massachusetts, an is ane o the auldest ceeties in the Unitit States. The lairgest ceety in New Ingland, Boston is regardit as the unoffeecial "Caipital o New Ingland" for its economic an cultural impact on the entire New Ingland region.[8] The ceety proper haed a 2009 estimatit population o 645,169, makin it the twintiet lairgest in the kintra.[3] Boston is an aa the anchor o a substantially lairger metropolitan aurie cried Greater Boston, hame tae 4.5 million fowk an the tent-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the kintra.[5] Greater Boston as a commutin region includes sax Massachusetts coonties: Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Plymouth, Worcester,[9] northren Bristol Coonty, aw o Rhode Island an pairts o New Hampshire; it is hame tae 7.6 million fowk, makkin it the fift-lairgest Combined Statistical Aurie in the Unitit States.[6][10]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Boston haes aicht offeecial sister ceeties as recognised bi Sister Cities International.[11] The date column indicates the year in which the relationship wis established. Kyoto wis Boston's first sister ceety.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Kyoto Japan Japan 1959 [12]
Strasbourg Fraunce Fraunce 1960 [13][14]
Barcelona Spain Spain 1980 [15][16]
Hangzhou Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Fowkrepublic o Cheenae 1982 [11]
Padua Italy Italy 1983 [17]
Melbourne Australie Australie 1985


Taipei Republic o Cheenae Republic o Cheenae (Taiwan) 1996 [19]
Sekondi-Takoradi Ghana Ghana 2001 [11]

Boston an aa haes less formal friendship or pairtnership relationships wi a additional three ceeties.

Ceety Kintra Date References
Boston, Lincolnshire Unitit Kinrick Unitit Kinrick 1999 [20][21]
Haifa Israel Israel 1999 [22]
Valladolid Spain Spain 2007 [23]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Dalager, Norman (2006-08-10). "What's in a nickname?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2009-04-08. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wechter 2009, p. 14.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State – County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mairch 23, 2011. 
  4. "Alphabetically sorted list of Census 2000 Urbanized Areas" (TXT). United States Census Bureau, Geography Division. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CBSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Combined statistical area population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008 (CSA-EST2008-alldata)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  7. "ZIP Code Lookup – Search By City". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  8. Steinbicker, Earl (2000). 50 one day adventures—Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire. Hastings House/Daytrips Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 0-8038-2008-9. 
  9. "Boston Worcester Manchester Demographic Profile: Region 19". Federal Transit Administration. 2007-01-31. Retrieved 2010-08-30.  21 pp.
  10. "Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH Combined Statistical Area" (PDF). U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Retrieved 2009-06-20.  Included in the CSA: MA counties: Bristol, Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, Plymouth, Suffolk and Worcester; NH counties: Belknap, Hillsborough, Merrimack, Rockingham and Strafford; RI counties (entire state): Bristol, Kent, Newport, Providence and Washington (South County)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 "Boston Sister Cities". The City of Boston. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  12. "Sister and Other Associated Cities". Kyoto City Web. City of Kyoto. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  13. "Twinning, cooperation and international solidarity" (in French). Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  14. "Boston Strasbourg Sister City Association". Boston-Strasbourg Sister City Association (BSSCA). Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  15. "Twinning agreements – Boston". Barcelona City Council. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  16. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 2009-07-13.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  17. "The twin cities of Padua". Padovanet (in Italian). Comune di Padova. 2008-06-04. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  18. "Sister cities – Boston". City of Melbourne. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  19. "International Sister Cities". Taipei City Council. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  20. "Town twinning". Boston Borough Council. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  21. "Partnership of the Historic Bostons". Partnership of the Historic Bostons. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  22. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  23. Press Office of the Municipality of Valladolid (2007-09-18). "Valladolid and Boston have signed a protocol of friendship between the two cities" (in Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Valladolid. Retrieved 2009-04-05.