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  • חֵיפָה
  • حيفا
Pic haifa.png
Offeecial logo o Haifa
Emblem of Haifa
Haifa is locatit in Israel
Coordinates: 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32.81667°N 34.98333°E / 32.81667; 34.98333Coordinates: 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32.81667°N 34.98333°E / 32.81667; 34.98333
Destrict Haifa
 • TeepCeety
 • MayorEinat Kalisch-Rotem (Labor Pairty)
 • City63.666 km2 (24.582 sq mi)
 • Ceety278,903
 • Density4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Wabsteidhaifa.muni.il (in Inglis)

Haifa (Ebreu: חֵיפָה‬); is the lairgest ceety in northren Israel, an the third-lairgest ceety in the kintra, wi a population o 278,903 in 2015. Anither 300,000 fowk bide in touns directly adjacent tae the ceety includin the ceeties o the Krayot, as weel as, Tirat Carmel, Daliyat al-Karmel an Nesher. Thegither thir auries form a contiguous urban aurie hame tae near 600,000 residents that maks up the inner core o the Haifa metropolitan aurie.[2][3] Haifa haes a mixed population o Jews an Arabs, awtho Jews mak up tae 90% majority. The Arab population is predominantly Christian, whauras 28% o the Jewish population (correct for 2009) is made o immigrants frae the umwhile Soviet Union.[4] It is hame tae the Bahá'í Warld Centre, a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, an aw.[5][6]

Built on the sclents o Munt Carmel, Haifa haes a history datin back tae Biblical times. The earliest kent dounset in the vicinity wis Tell Abu Hawam, a sma port ceety established in the Late Bronze Age (14t century BC).[7] In the 3rd century AD, Haifa wis kent as a dye-makin center. Ower the centuries, the ceety haes chynged haunds: It haes been conquered an ruled bi the Phoenicians, Ebreus, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, Egyptians, Breetish, an the Israelis. Synee the establishment o the State o Israel in 1948, the ceety haes been govrened bi the Haifa Municipality.

The day, the ceety is a major seaport locatit on Israel's Mediterranean coastline in the Bay o Haifa coverin 63.7 square kilometres (24.6 sq mi). It is locatit aboot 90 kilometres (56 mi) north o Tel Aviv an is the major regional centre o northren Israel. Twa respectit academic institutions, the University o Haifa an the Technion, are locatit in Haifa, an the ceety plays an important role in Israel's economy. It haes several heh-tech pairks, amang them the auldest an lairgest in the kintra,[8] an industrial port, an a petroleum refinery. Haifa wis umwhile the wastren terminus o an ile pipeline frae Iraq via Jordan.[9]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

View o wastren Haifa frae the air

The oreegin o the name "Haifa" is unclear. Accordin tae historian Alex Carmel, it mey come frae the Ebreu verb ruit חפה (hafa), meanin tae kiver or shield, i.e. Munt Carmel covers Haifa.[10] Anither possible oreegin is the Ebreu wird חוֹף (hof), an aa meanin beach, or חוֹף יָפֶה (hof yafe), meanin bonnie beach.[11] Some Christians believe that the toun wis named efter the heich priest Caiaphas, or Saunt Peter (Keiphah in Aramaic).[10]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Plaque o twin ceeties ootside Haifa ceety hall

Haifa is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
  3. "Haifa". Jewish Agency. Archived frae the oreeginal on September 26, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-05. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. Haifa, The Jewish Agency for Israel. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
  5. UNESCO World Heritage Centre (2008-07-08). "Three new sites inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List". Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  6. "History of Haifa". Retrieved 2008-04-11.
  7. Encyclopedia Judaica, Haifa, Keter Publishing, Jerusalem, 1972, vol. 7, pp. 1134-1139
  8. "GavYam". Gav-Yam.co.il. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
  9. Cohen, Amiram. "U.S. Checking Possibility of Pumping Oil from Northern Iraq to Haifa, via Jordan". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Carmel, Alex (2002). The History of Haifa Under Turkish Rule (4th ed.). Haifa: Pardes. p. 14. ISBN 965-7171-05-9. (owerset fae the Hebrew)
  11. Winter, Dave (1999). Israel Handbook: With the Palestinian Authority Areas. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 560. ISBN 9781900949484. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  12. "Twin City acitivities". Haifa Municipality. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-02-14.
  13. Portsmouth City Council. Twinning. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
  14. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008-2009 City Government of Manila. Retrieved 2009-07-02. External link in |publisher= (help)
  15. Haifa agreement with partner
  16. "Twin Towns". www.amazingdusseldorf.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  17. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Retrieved 2009-04-05.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)