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  • חֵיפָה
  • حيفا
Official logo of Haifa
Emblem of Haifa
Haifa is located in Israel
Coordinates: 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32.81667°N 34.98333°E / 32.81667; 34.98333Coordinates: 32°49′0″N 34°59′0″E / 32.81667°N 34.98333°E / 32.81667; 34.98333
Destrict Haifa
 • TeepCeety
 • MayorEinat Kalisch-Rotem (Labor Pairty)
 • City63.666 km2 (24.582 sq mi)
 • City278,903
 • Density4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Websitehaifa.muni.il (in Inglis)

Haifa (Hebrew: חֵיפָה‬); is the lairgest ceety in northren Israel, an the third-lairgest ceety in the kintra (after Jerusalem an Tel Aviv), wi a population o 278,903 in 2015. Anither 300,000 fowk bide in touns directly adjacent tae the ceety includin the ceeties o the Krayot, as weel as, Tirat Carmel, Daliyat al-Karmel an Nesher. Thegither thir auries form a contiguous urban aurie hame tae near 600,000 residents that maks up the inner core o the Haifa metropolitan aurie.[2][3] Haifa haes a mixed population o Jews an Arabs, awtho Jews mak up tae 90% majority. The Arab population is predominantly Christian, whauras 28% o the Jewish population (correct for 2009) is made o immigrants frae the umwhile Soviet Union.[4] It is an important port ceety and industrial ceety. It is hame tae the Bahá'í Warld Centre, a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid, an aw.[5][6]

Built on the sclents o Munt Carmel, Haifa haes a history datin back tae Biblical times. The earliest kent dounset in the vicinity wis Tell Abu Hawam, a sma port ceety established in the Late Bronze Age (14t century BC).[7] In the 3rd century AD, Haifa wis kent as a dye-makin center. Ower the centuries, the ceety haes chynged haunds: It haes been conquered an ruled bi the Phoenicians, Ebreus, Persians, Hasmoneans, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, Egyptians, Breetish, an the Israelis. Synee the establishment o the State o Israel in 1948, the ceety haes been govrened bi the Haifa Municipality.

The day, the ceety is a major seaport locatit on Israel's Mediterranean coastline in the Bay o Haifa coverin 63.7 square kilometres (24.6 sq mi). It is locatit aboot 90 kilometres (56 mi) north o Tel Aviv an is the major regional centre o northren Israel. Twa respectit academic institutions, the University o Haifa an the Technion, are locatit in Haifa, an the ceety plays an important role in Israel's economy. It haes several heh-tech pairks, amang them the auldest an lairgest in the kintra,[8] an industrial port, an a petroleum refinery. Haifa wis umwhile the wastren terminus o an ile pipeline frae Iraq via Jordan.[9]


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View o wastren Haifa frae the air

The oreegin o the name "Haifa" is unclear. Accordin tae historian Alex Carmel, it mey come frae the Ebreu verb ruit חפה (hafa), meanin tae kiver or shield, i.e. Munt Carmel covers Haifa.[10] Anither possible oreegin is the Ebreu wird חוֹף (hof), an aa meanin beach, or חוֹף יָפֶה (hof yafe), meanin bonnie beach.[11] Some Christians believe that the toun wis named efter the heich priest Caiaphas, or Saunt Peter (Keiphah in Aramaic).[10]

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Twin touns - Sister ceeties

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Plaque o twin ceeties ootside Haifa ceety hall

Haifa is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:[12]


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  1. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 30 Juin 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  3. "Haifa". Jewish Agency. Archived frae the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 5 Mey 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  4. Haifa Archived 2008-10-11 at the Wayback Machine, The Jewish Agency for Israel. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
  5. UNESCO World Heritage Centre (8 Julie 2008). "Three new sites inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List". Retrieved 8 Julie 2008.
  6. "History of Haifa". Retrieved 11 Apryle 2008.
  7. Encyclopedia Judaica, Haifa, Keter Publishing, Jerusalem, 1972, vol. 7, pp. 1134-1139
  8. "GavYam". Gav-Yam.co.il. Archived frae the original on 15 Apryle 2008. Retrieved 18 Februar 2008.
  9. Cohen, Amiram. "U.S. Checking Possibility of Pumping Oil from Northern Iraq to Haifa, via Jordan". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 December 2008.
  10. a b Carmel, Alex (2002). The History of Haifa Under Turkish Rule (4th ed.). Haifa: Pardes. p. 14. ISBN 965-7171-05-9. (owerset fae the Hebrew)
  11. Winter, Dave (1999). Israel Handbook: With the Palestinian Authority Areas. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 560. ISBN 9781900949484. Retrieved 26 Julie 2009.
  12. "Twin City acitivities". Haifa Municipality. Archived frae the original on 9 October 2007. Retrieved 14 Februar 2008.
  13. Portsmouth City Council. Twinning Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 22 August 2007.
  14. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008-2009 City Government of Manila. Archived frae the original on 6 August 2009. Retrieved 2 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  15. Haifa agreement with partner Archived 2017-10-19 at the Wayback Machine
  16. "Twin Towns". www.amazingdusseldorf.com. Archived frae the original on 17 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2009.
  17. "Boston" (in Hebrew). Haifa Municipality. Archived frae the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)