Newcastle upon Tyne

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Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle-upon-Tyne-bridges-and-skyline cropped.jpg
St James Park Newcastle south west corner.jpgTheatre Royal, Newcastle upon Tyne.jpg
Newcastle greys monument.jpgNewcastle schloss.jpg
Frae tap-left: Newcastle Quayside an River Tyne, St James' Park stadium, Theatre Royal, Georgian airchitectur aroond Grey's Monument, the Castle
Coat o airms o Newcastle upon Tyne
Coat o airms
Nickname(s): 
Newcastle, The Toon
Motto(s): 
"Fortiter Defendit Triumphans"
(Latin: "Triumphing bi brave defence")
Location o Newcastle upon Tyne in Ingland
Location o Newcastle upon Tyne in Ingland
Coordinates: 54°58′N 1°36′W / 54.967°N 1.600°W / 54.967; -1.600Coordinates: 54°58′N 1°36′W / 54.967°N 1.600°W / 54.967; -1.600
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Constituent kintraEngland
RegionNorth East
CoontyTyne an Wear
Foondit2nt century
Toun charterHenry II
Coonty Corporate1400
Ceety status1882
StatusCeety & metropolitan borough
Govrenment
 • Govrenin bodyNewcastle Ceety Cooncil
 • Lord MayorCooncillor Jackie Slesenger[1]
 • Admeenistrative HQNewcastle Civic Centre
Area
 • City225 km2 (139 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 est.)[2]
 • City296,500 (Ranked 39t)
 • Urban
879,996 (Tyneside) (Ranked 7t)
 • Metro
1,650,000 (Tyne an Wear Ceety Region) (Ranked 6t)
Time zoneGMT (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode
Aurie code(s)0191
ISO 3166-2GB-NET
ONS code00CJ (ONS)
E08000021 (GSS)
OS grid referenceNZ249645
NUTS 3UKC22
DemonymGeordie, Novocastrian
Wabsteidwww.newcastle.gov.uk

Newcastle upon Tyne (for ordinar cried juist Newcastle) is a ceety in the north-east o Ingland. It is locatit alang the north baunk o the River Tyne an the umwhile coonty toun o Northumberland. Mair nor 190,000 fowk bide in the ceety, but e'en mair bides in the surroondin aurie.

Byleid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Geordie

The byleid o Newcastle is kent as Geordie, an haes a lairge amoont o vocabulary an distinctive wird pronunciations no uised in ither pairts o Ingland, bit that are sib tae Scots. The Geordie byleid, lik Scots an Staundart Inglis, haes its oreegins in the leid spoken bi the Anglo-Saxon that settlet in Breetian efter the Romans left in the 4t century. But whiles the byleids o ither Inglis regions hae been muckle chyngit bi the influences o ither furrin leids — Norman an Norman–French in parteecular — the Geordie byleid, lik Scots, hauds ontae mony chairicteristics o the auld leid. Some wirds uised in the Geordie byleid is uised in Scots an aw, sic lik bonny, stot, canny, strang an coo. Mony wirds, houaniver, appear tae be uised alanery in Newcastle an the surroondin aurie, sic lik bait ("fuid") an hacky ("clarty").[3]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lord Mayor | Newcastle City Council. Newcastle.gov.uk (1 April 2013). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
  2. Pointer, Graham. "The UK's major urban areas" (PDF). statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2007. 
  3. "Newcastle English ("Geordie") – Vocabulary". www.une.edu.au. Retrieved 2008-02-05.