Northumberland

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Northumberland
Coonty
Flag of Northumberland.svg Coat of arms of Northumberland County Council.png
Banner Coat o airms
Northumberland UK locator map 2010.svg
Coordinates: 55°10′N 2°00′W / 55.167°N 2.000°W / 55.167; -2.000Coordinates: 55°10′N 2°00′W / 55.167°N 2.000°W / 55.167; -2.000
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Constituent kintraIngland
RegionNorth East
EstablishedAuncient
Ceremonial coonty
Laird LieutenantJane Percy
Heich ShirraWilliam Browne-Swinburne (2016–17)
Area5,013 km2 (1,936 sq mi)
 • Rankit6t o 48
Population (2011 est.)312,000
 • Rankit44t o 48
Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Ethnicity95.4% White Breetish
Unitar authority
CooncilNorthumberland County Council
Executive 
Admin HQMorpeth
Aurie[convert: needs a number]
 • Rankit o 326
Population316,000
 • Rankit o 326
Density[convert: needs a number]
ISO 3166-2GB-NBL
ONS code00EM
GSS codeE06000057
NUTSUKC21
Wabsteidwww.northumberland.gov.uk
Members o PairlamentList of MPs
PolisNorthumbria Police
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC)
 • Simmer (DST)Breetish Simmer Time (UTC+1)

Northumberland (/[unsupported input]nɔːˈθʌmbələnd/) is the northrenmaist ceremonial county an a unitary destrict in the North East o Ingland. It borders Cumbria tae the wast, Coonty Durham to the sooth an Tyne an Wear tae the sooth east, as well as haein a border wi the Scots Borders cooncil aurie tae the north, an a North Sea coastline o ootstaundin natural beauty. Syne 1981, the coonty council haes been locatit in Morpeth, situated in the east o the coonty.

As the kinrick o Northumbria unner Keeng Edwin, the region's heestorical bundaries stretched frae the Humber in the sooth tae the Forth in the north. The historic boondaries o the coonty cover a different aurie, includin Newcastle upon Tyne, the traditional coonty toun, as well as Tynemouth an ither settlements in North Tyneside, auries admeenistered bi Tyne an Wear syne 1974 unner the Local Government Act 1972. The historic bundaries o the coonty are sometimes taken tae exclude Islandshire, Bedlingtonshire an Norhamshire (collectively North Durham), exclaves o Coonty Durham which wur incorporatit intae Northumberland in 1844.

Being on the border o Ingland an Scotland, Northumberland haes been the steid o mony battles. The coonty is notit for its undeveloped landscape o heich moorland, a favourite wi landscape painters, an nou lairgely protectit as a National Park. Northumberland is the maist spairsely populatit coonty in Ingland, wi anerlie 62 fowk per square kilometre.

Northumberland's coonty flower is the Bloody Cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum) an her affiliated Royal Navy ship is her namesake, HMS Northumberland.