Ghana

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Coordinates: 7°49′N 1°03′W / 7.817°N 1.050°W / 7.817; -1.050

Republic o Ghana
Banner o Ghana
Coat o airms o Ghana
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Location o Ghana
Capital Accra
5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Offeecial leids Inglis[2][3]
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups (2010[3][4])
Demonym Ghanaian
Govrenment Unitar presidential
constitutional republic
• Preses
Nana Akufo-Addo
Mahamudu Bawumia
Legislatur Pairlament
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
6 Mairch 1957
• Realm
6 Mairch 1957 – 1 Julie 1960
1 Julie 1960
28 Apryle 1992
Aurie
• Tot
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi) (80t)
• Watter (%)
4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)
Population
• 2014 estimate
27,043,093[5] (45t)
• 2010 census
24,200,000[6]
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$131.498 billion[7] (70t)
• Per capita
$4,650[7] (126t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$42.753 billion[7] (69t)
• Per capita
$1,511[7] (126t)
Gini (2006) 42.8[8]
middlin
HDI (2015) Increase 0.579[9]
middlin · 139th
Siller Ghana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +233
Internet TLD .gh

Ghana (/[unsupported input]ˈɡɑːnə/), offeecially the Republic o Ghana, is a kintra locatit in Wast Africae. It is bordered bi Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) tae the wast, Burkina Faso tae the north, Togo tae the east, an the Gulf o Guinea tae the sooth. The wird Ghana means "Warrior Keeng"[10] an is derived frae the auncient Ghana Empire.

Ghana wis inhabitit in pre-colonial times bi a number o auncient predominantly Akan kinricks, includin the Akwamu on the eastren coast, the inland Ashanti Empire an various Fante an non-Akan states, like the Ga an Ewe, alang the coast an inland. The Mande-Gur speakin groups in the north o the kintra established several Islamized states, in particular those o Dagbon an Gonja, an wur the middle-men in trade atween ither lairger sahelian Muslim states (such as Mali an Songhai) an the early Akan kinricks, especially in the gowd, slave an salt trade. Trade wi European states flourished efter contact wi the Portuguese in the 15t century, an the Breetish established the Gold Coast Crown colony in 1874.[11]

The Gold Coast achieved unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick in 1957, becomin the first Sub-Saharan African naition tae dae so,[12][13][14] an the name Ghana wis chosen for the new naition tae reflect the auncient Empire o Ghana, which ance extendit throughoot muckle o wast Africae. Ghana is a member o the Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone, the Commonweel o Naitions, the Economic Community o Wast African States, the African Union, an an associate member o La Francophonie. Ghana is the seicont lairgest producer o cocoa in the warld an is hame tae Lake Volta, the lairgest artificial lake in the warld bi surface aurie.[15]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map of Ghana

The wird Ghana means Warrior Keeng an wis the title accorded to the kings of the medieval West African Ghana Empire.[16] Geographically, the Ghana Empire wis approximately 500 miles (800 km) north an wast o modren Ghana, an it ruled territories in the aurie o the Sénégal River an east towards the Niger River, in modren Senegal, Mauritanie an Mali.

Ghana wis adoptit as the legal name for the Gold Coast combined wi Breetish Togoland upon gainin autonomy on Mairch 6, 1957. It wis no till Julie 1, 1960, housomeivver, that Ghana assertit its complete unthirldom frae Breetain an became kent as the Republic o Ghana.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Emefa.myserver.org". Retrieved 21 December 2010. 
  2. "Language and Religion". Ghana Embassy. Retrieved 8 Januar 2017. English is the official language of Ghana and is universally used in schools in addition to nine other local languages. The most widely spoken local languages are, Ga, Dagomba, Akan and Ewe. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Ghana – 2010 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Government of Ghana. 2010. Retrieved 1 Juin 2013. 
  4. "People > Ethnic groups: Countries Compared". NationMaster. Retrieved 22 Julie 2014. 
  5. "Population projection by sex, 2010 to 2014, National" (PDF). Ghana Statistical Service. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 4 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  6. Antoinette I. Mintah (2010). "2010 Provisional Census Results Out". 4 February 2011. Population Division, Ghana Government. Archived frae the oreeginal on 15 Juin 2011. Retrieved 7 Februar 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Ghana". International Monetary Fund. 
  8. "GINI index–World Bank". World Bank. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  9. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017. 
  10. Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilizations, 2001. Page 201.
  11. MacLean, Iain. Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair, 2001. Page 76.
  12. Peter N. Stearns and William Leonard Langer. The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged, 2001. Pages 813, 1050.
  13. Ghana - MSN Encarta. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2009-10-31. , encarta.msn.com
  14. "NEWS.BBC.co.uk". NEWS.BBC.co.uk. 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  15. "Geography.about.com". Geography.about.com. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  16. Ghana - MSN Encarta. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2009-10-31. , Encarta.msn.com