Ghana

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Coordinates: 7°49′N 1°03′W / 7.817°N 1.050°W / 7.817; -1.050

Republic o Ghana

Banner o Ghana
Banner
Coat o airms o Ghana
Coat o airms
Motto: "Freedom and Justice"
Location o Ghana
CaipitalAccra
5°33′N 0°12′W / 5.550°N 0.200°W / 5.550; -0.200
Offeecial leidsInglis[2][3]
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups
(2010[3][4])
Demonym(s)Ghanaian
GovrenmentUnitar presidential
constitutional republic
• Preses
Nana Akufo-Addo
Mahamudu Bawumia
LegislaturPairlament
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Declared
6 Mairch 1957
• Realm
6 Mairch 1957 – 1 Julie 1960
• Republic
1 Julie 1960
28 Apryle 1992
Aurie
• Total
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi) (80t)
• Water (%)
4.61 (11,000 km2 / 4,247 mi2)
Population
• 2014 estimate
27,043,093[5] (45t)
• 2010 census
24,200,000[6]
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$131.498 billion[7] (70t)
• Per capita
$4,650[7] (126t)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$42.753 billion[7] (69t)
• Per capita
$1,511[7] (126t)
Gini (2006)42.8[8]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.579[9]
medium · 139th
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+233
ISO 3166 codeGH
Internet TLD.gh

Ghana (ɡanə), offeecially the Republic o Ghana, is a kintra locate in Wast Africae. It mairches wastle wi Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), norlins wi Burkina Faso, eastle wi Togo, an soothlins wi the Gulf o Guinea. The wird Ghana means "Warrior Keeng"[10] an is derived frae the auncient Ghana Empire.

Ghana wis dwallt in pre-colonial times bi a nummer o auncient predominantly Akan kinricks, includin the Akwamu on the easter strand, the inland Ashanti Empire an various Fante an non-Akan states, lik the Ga an Ewe, alang the strand an inland. The Mande-Gur speakin groups in the north o the kintra estaiblisht several Islamized states, in parteecular Dagbon an Gonja, an wis the middle-men in tred atween ither lairger sahelian Muslim states (lik Mali an Songhai) an the early Akan kinricks, inspecially in the gowd, sclave an saut tred. Tred wi European states fordert efter contack wi the Portuguese in the 15t century, an the Breetish estaiblisht the Gold Coast Crown colony in 1874.[11]

The Gowd Coast gat roon unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick in 1957, becomin the first Sub-Saharan African naition tae dae the like,[12][13][14] an the name Ghana wis chuisen for the new naition tae refleck the auncient Empire o Ghana, whilk ance stendit ootthrough a feck o wast Africae. Ghana is a memmer o the Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone, the Commonweel o Naitions, the Economic Community o Wast African States, the African Union, an an associate member o La Francophonie. Ghana is the seicont lairgest producer o cocoa in the warld an is hame tae Lake Volta, the lairgest artificial loch in the warld bi surface aurie.[15]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cairt o Ghana

The wird Ghana means Warrior King an wis the title accorded tae the kings o the medieval West African Ghana Empire.[16] Geographically, the Ghana Empire wis thareaboot 500 mile (800 km) north an wast o modren Ghana, an it ruled territories in the aurie o the Sénégal River an east taewart the Niger River, in modren Senegal, Mauritanie an Mali.

Ghana wis adoptit as the legal name for the Gowd Coast combined wi Breetish Togoland upo gainin autonomy on Mairch 6, 1957. It wis no till Julie 1, 1960, housomeivver, that Ghana threapit its complete unthirldom frae Breetain an became kent as the Republic o Ghana.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Emefa.myserver.org". Archived frae the original on 26 Apryle 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
  2. "Language and Religion". Ghana Embassy. Archived frae the original on 1 Mairch 2017. Retrieved 8 Januar 2017. English is the official language of Ghana and is universally used in schools in addition to nine other local languages. The most widely spoken local languages are, Ga, Dagomba, Akan and Ewe.
  3. a b "Ghana – 2010 Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Government of Ghana. 2010. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 1 Juin 2013.
  4. "People > Ethnic groups: Countries Compared". NationMaster. Retrieved 22 Julie 2014.
  5. "Population projection by sex, 2010 to 2014, National" (PDF). Ghana Statistical Service. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 4 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  6. Antoinette I. Mintah (2010). "2010 Provisional Census Results Out". 4 February 2011. Population Division, Ghana Government. Archived frae the original on 15 Juin 2011. Retrieved 7 Februar 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. a b c d "Ghana". International Monetary Fund.
  8. "GINI index–World Bank". World Bank. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  9. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  10. Jackson, John G. Introduction to African Civilizations, 2001. Page 201.
  11. MacLean, Iain. Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair, 2001. Page 76.
  12. Peter N. Stearns and William Leonard Langer. The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged, 2001. Pages 813, 1050.
  13. Ghana - MSN Encarta. Archived frae the original on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 15 Februar 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help), encarta.msn.com
  14. "NEWS.BBC.co.uk". NEWS.BBC.co.uk. 9 Februar 2010. Retrieved 26 Juin 2010.
  15. "Geography.about.com". Geography.about.com. Retrieved 26 Juin 2010.
  16. Ghana - MSN Encarta. Archived frae the original on 1 November 2009. Retrieved 15 Februar 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help), Encarta.msn.com