Togo

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Togolese Republic

République Togolaise (French)
Coat o airms o Togo
Coat o airms
Motto: "Travail, Liberté, Patrie"[1] (French)
"Work, Liberty, Homeland"
AnthemSalut à toi, pays de nos aïeux  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
"Hail tae thee, laund o oor forefaithers"
Location o  Togo  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Togo  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Caipital
and largest city
Lomé
6°7′N 1°13′E / 6.117°N 1.217°E / 6.117; 1.217
Offeecial leidsFrench
Recognised naitional leidsEwe • Kabiyé
Ither leidsMina • Dagomba
Ethnic groups
99% Ewe, Kabye, Tem, Gourma, an 33 ither African groups
1% European, Sirio-Lebanese[2]
Demonym(s)Togolese
GovrenmentUnitar dominant-pairty presidential republic
• Preses
Faure Gnassingbé
Victoire Tomegah Dogbé
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
Unthirldom
• frae Fraunce
27 Apryle 1960
Aurie
• Total
56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi) (123rd)
• Water (%)
4.2
Population
• 2017 estimate
7,965,055[2] (99t)
• 2010 census
5,337,000
• Density
125.9/km2 (326.1/sq mi) (93rde)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$12.433 billion[3] (150t)
• Per capita
$1,468[3]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$4.797 billion[3]
• Per capita
$621[3]
Gini (2011)46[4]
heich
HDI (2015)Increase 0.487[5]
law · 166t
CurrencyWast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+228
ISO 3166 codeTG
Internet TLD.tg
  1. Siv as Ewe, Mina an Aja.
  2. Lairgest are the Ewe, Mina, Kotokoli Tem an Kabre.
  3. Maistly European an Sirian-Lebanese.
  4. Estimates for this kintra expleecitly tak intae accoont the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growthe rates, an chynges in the distribution o population bi age an sex nor wad itherwise be expectit.
  5. Rankins based on 2017 feegurs (CIA World Factbook – Togo)

Togo (/ˈtoʊɡoʊ/ ( listen)), kent offeecially as the Togolese Republic, , is a kintra in wast Africae maircht wastlins bi Ghana, eastlins bi Benin an norlins bi Burkina Faso. It stends sooth tae the Gulf o Guinea, on whilk the caipital Lomé is locatit. Togo kivers an aurie o thareaboot 57000 km2 (22,000 sq mi) wi a population o thareaboot 6.7 million. Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan naition, heichlie dependent on agricultur, wi a climate that provides guid growin saisons. While the offeecial leid is French, there mony ither leids spoken in Togo, parteicular Gbe family leids. The lairgest releegious group in Togo is thaim wi indigenous beliefs, but there significant Christian an Muslim minorities. Togo is a memmer o the Unitit Naitions, African Union, Organisation o the Islamic Conference, Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie an Economic Community o Wast African States.

Frae the 11t tae the 16t century, various tribes entert the region frae aw directions. Frae the 16t century tae the 18t century, the coastal region wis a major tradin centre for Europeans in sairch o slaves, earnin Togo an the surroondin region the name "The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany declared Togoland a protectorate. Efter Warld War I, rule ower Togo wis transfer tae Fraunce. Togo gained its independence frae Fraunce in 1960.[6] In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a sonsie military coup, efter whilk he became "preses". At the time o his daith in 2005, Eyadéma wis the langest-servin leader in modren African history, efter haein been "preses" for 38 year.[7] In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé wis electit preses.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Constitution of Togo". 2002. Archived frae the original on 14 Februar 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. a b "Togo". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  3. a b c d "Togo". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  6. According to the CIA world fact book on Togo: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/to.html Archived 2020-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "Obituary: Gnassingbe Eyadema". (2005, February 5). BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2007.