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Togolese Republic
République Togolaise (French)
Banner o Togo
Coat o airms o Togo
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Travail, Liberté, Patrie"[1] (French)
"Work, Liberty, Homeland"
Anthem: Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux  (French)
"Hail tae thee, laund o oor forefaithers"
Location o  Togo  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Togo  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

an lairgest ceety
6°7′N 1°13′E / 6.117°N 1.217°E / 6.117; 1.217
Offeecial leids French
Recognised naitional leids Ewe • Kabiyé
Ither leids Mina • Dagomba
Ethnic groups 99% Ewe, Kabye, Tem, Gourma, an 33 ither African groups
1% European, Sirio-Lebanese[2]
Demonym Togolese
Govrenment Unitar dominant-pairty presidential republic
• Preses
Faure Gnassingbé
Komi Sélom Klassou
Legislatur Naitional Assemmly
• frae Fraunce
27 Apryle 1960
• Tot
56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi) (123rd)
• Watter (%)
• 2017 estimate
7,965,055[2] (99t)
• 2010 census
• Density
125.9/km2 (326.1/sq mi) (93rde)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$12.433 billion[3] (150t)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$4.797 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2011) 46[4]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.487[5]
law · 166t
Siller Wast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +228
Internet TLD .tg
  1. Siv as Ewe, Mina an Aja.
  2. Lairgest are the Ewe, Mina, Kotokoli Tem an Kabre.
  3. Maistly European an Sirian-Lebanese.
  4. Estimates for this kintra expleecitly tak intae accoont the effects o excess mortality due tae AIDS; this can result in lawer life expectancy, heicher infant mortality an daith rates, lawer population an growthe rates, an chynges in the distribution o population bi age an sex nor wad itherwise be expectit.
  5. Rankins based on 2017 feegurs (CIA World Factbook – Togo)

Togo (/ˈtoʊɡoʊ/ ( listen)), kent offeecially as the Togolese Republic, , is a kintra in wast Africae bordered bi Ghana tae the west, Benin tae the east an Burkina Faso tae the north. It extends sooth tae the Gulf o Guinea, on which the caipital Lomé is locatit. Togo covers an aurie o approximately 57000 km2 (22,000 sq mi) wi a population o approximately 6.7 million. Togo is a tropical, sub-Saharan naition, heichlie dependent on agricultur, wi a climate that provides guid growin saisons. While the offeecial leid is French, there are mony ither leids spoken in Togo, particularly those o the Gbe family. The lairgest releegious group in Togo are those wi indigenous beliefs, but there are significant Christian an Muslim minorities. Togo is a member o the Unitit Naitions, African Union, Organisation o the Islamic Conference, Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie an Economic Community o Wast African States.

Frae the 11t tae the 16t century, various tribes entered the region frae aw directions. Frae the 16t century tae the 18t century, the coastal region wis a major tradin centre for Europeans in search o slaves, earnin Togo an the surroondin region the name "The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany declared Togoland a protectorate. Efter Warld War I, rule ower Togo wis transferred tae Fraunce. Togo gained its independence frae Fraunce in 1960.[6] In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup, efter which he became preses. At the time o his daith in 2005, Eyadéma wis the langest-servin leader in modren African history, efter haein been preses for 38 years.[7] In 2005, his son Faure Gnassingbé wis electit preses.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Constitution of Togo". 2002. Archived frae the oreeginal on 14 Februar 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Togo". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Togo". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017. 
  6. According to the CIA world fact book on Togo:
  7. "Obituary: Gnassingbe Eyadema". (2005, February 5). BBC News. Retrieved May 22, 2007.