Burkina Faso

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 13°N 2°W / 13°N 2°W / 13; -2

Burkina Faso

Motto: "Unité–Progrès–Justice" (French)
"Unity–Progress–Juistice"
AnthemUne Seule Nuit / Ditanyè  (Script error: The function "name_from_code" does not exist.)
Ane Single Nicht / Hime o Veectory

Location o  Burkina Faso  (daurk blue) – in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray) – in the African Union  (licht blue)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Burkina Faso  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)  —  [Legend]

Caipital
and largest city
Ouagadougou
12°20′N 1°40′W / 12.333°N 1.667°W / 12.333; -1.667
Offeecial leidsFrench
Recognised naitional leidsMòoré
Fulani
Dioula[1]
Ethnic groups
(1995)
Demonym(s)
  • Burkinabé
  • Burkinabè
  • Burkinabe
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba
Sidsoré Kader Ouédraogo
Albert Ouédraogo
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
Unthirldom
• frae Fraunce
5 August 1960
Aurie
• Total
274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi) (74th)
• Water (%)
0.146%
Population
• 2020 estimate
21,510,181[2] (58th)
• 2006 census
14,017,262
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (137th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$45.339 billion
• Per capita
$2,207[3]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Tot
$16.226 billion
• Per capita
$792[3]
Gini (2020)Steady 38.9[4]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.452[5]
law · 182nd
CurrencyWast African CFA franc[6] (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+226
ISO 3166 codeBF
Internet TLD.bf
The data here is an estimation for the year 2005 produced by the International Monetary Fund in April 2005.

Burkina Faso (/bərˌkiːnə ˈfɑːsoʊ/ ( listen) bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [byʁkina faso]) – an aa kent bi its short-form name Burkina – is a landlocked kintra in Wast Africae. It is surroondit bi sax kintras: Mali tae the north, Niger tae the east, Benin tae the sootheast, Togo an Ghana tae the sooth, an Côte d'Ivoire tae the soothwast.

Its size is 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) wi an estimatit population o mair nor 15,757,000. Umwhile cawed the Republic o Upper Volta, it wis renamed on August 4, 1984, bi Preses Thomas Sankara tae mean "the land o upricht fowk" in Mòoré an Dioula, the major native leids o the kintra. Figuratively, "Burkina" mey be translatit, "men o integrity," frae the Mòoré leid, an "Faso" means "faither's hoose" in Dioula. The inhabitants o Burkina Faso are kent as Burkinabè (pronounced /bərˈkiːnəbeɪ/ (deprecatit template) bər-KEE-nə-bay).

Burkina Faso wis populatit early, atween 14,000 an 5000 BC, bi hunter-gatherers in the northwastren pairt o the kintra. Settlements wi farmers appeared atween 3600 an 2600 BC. The central pairt o Burkina Faso includit a number o Mossi kinricks, which became a French protectorate in 1896. Efter gainin independence frae Fraunce in 1960, the kintra unnerwent mony governmental chynges till arrivin at its current form, a semi-presidential republic. The current preses is Blaise Compaoré.

Burkina Faso's caipital is Ouagadougou. It is a member o the African Union, Community o Sahel-Saharan States, La Francophonie, Organization o the Islamic Conference an Economic Community o Wast African States.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. André, Géraldine (31 Mey 2007). "École, langues, cultures et développement". Cahiers d’études africaines (in French). 47 (186): 221–247. doi:10.4000/etudesafricaines.6960. ISSN 0008-0055.
  2. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-21. Retrieved 2016-02-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title". 16 November 2021.
  3. a b "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects".
  4. "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived frae the original on 13 Juin 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
  5. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  6. CFA Franc BCEAO. Codes: XOF / 952 ISO 4217 currency names and code elements Archived 7 Apryle 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ISO.