Mali

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake

Coordinates: 17°N 4°W / 17°N 4°W / 17; -4

Republic o Mali
  • République du Mali  (French)
  • Mali ka Fasojamana  (Bambara)
Banner o Mali
Coat o airms o Mali
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Un peuple, un but, une foi" (French)
"Ane fowk, ane goal, ane faith"
Anthem: Le Mali  (French)[1]
Location o  Mali  (green)
Location o  Mali  (green)
Location o Mali
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Bamako
12°39′N 8°0′W / 12.650°N 8.000°W / 12.650; -8.000
Offeecial leids French
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups
Demonym Malian
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga
Legislatur Naitional Assemmly
Unthirldom
• frae Francea
20 Juin 1960
• as Mali
22 September 1960
Aurie
• Tot
1,240,192 km2 (478,841 sq mi) (23rd)
• Watter (%)
1.6
Population
• April 2009 census
14,517,176[2] (67t)
• Density
11.7/km2 (30.3/sq mi) (215t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$40.909 billion[3]
• Per capita
$2,357[3]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$15.172 billion[3]
• Per capita
$874[3]
Gini (2010) 33.0[4]
middlin
HDI (2015) Increase 0.442[5]
law · 175t
Siller Wast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the right[6]
Cawin code +223
Internet TLD .ml

Mali, offeecially the Republic o Mali (French: République du Mali, /ma'li/ ), is a landlocked kintra in Wastren Africae. Mali borders Algerie on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso an the Côte d'Ivoire on the sooth, Guinea on the sooth-wast, an Senegal an Mauritanie on the wast. Its size is juist ower 1,240,000 km² wi a population o 14.5 million. Its caipital is Bamako.

Mali consists o aicht regions an its borders on the north reach deep intae the middle o the Sahara, while the kintra's soothren region, whaur the majority o indwallers live, features the Niger an Sénégal rivers. The kintra's economic structur centres aroond agricultur an fishin. Some o Mali's naitural resoorces include gowd, uranium, an saut.

Present-day Mali wis ance pairt o three Wast African empires that controlled trans-Saharan trade: the Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire (frae which Mali is named), an the Songhai Empire. In the late 19t century, durin the Scramble for Africae, Fraunce seized control o Mali makin it a pairt o French Sudan. French Sudan (then kent as the Sudanese Republic) gained unthirldom in 1959 wi Senegal, as the Mali Federation. A year later, follaein Senegal's athdrawal frae the federation, the Sudanese Republic declared itsel the independent Republic o Mali. Efter a lang period o ane-pairty rule, a 1991 coup led tae the writin o a new constitution an the establishment o Mali as a democratic, multi-pairty state. Aboot hauf the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o US$1.25 a day.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Presidency of Mali: Symboles de la République, L'Hymne National du Mali. Koulouba.pr.ml. Retrieved 4 Mey 2012.
  2. "Mali preliminary 2009 census". Institut National de la Statistique. Archived frae the oreeginal on 18 Aprile 2010. Retrieved 12 Januar 2010. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Mali". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 Aprile 2012. 
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011. 
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017. 
  6. Which side of the road do they drive on? Brian Lucas. August 2005. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  7. Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009