Senegal

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Coordinates: 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14

Republic of Senegal
République du Sénégal  (French)
Banner o Senegal
Coat o airms o Senegal
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French)
"Ane Fowk, Ane Goal, Ane Faith"
Anthem: 
Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons
Iveryane strum yer koras, strik the balafons
Location o  Senegal  (dark blue)in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Senegal  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location o Senegal
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Dakar
14°40′N 17°25′W / 14.667°N 17.417°W / 14.667; -17.417
Offeecial leids French
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups ([1])
Demonym Senegalese
Govrenment Semi-presidential republic
• Preses
Macky Sall
Mohammed Dionne
Legislatur Pairlament
Senate (disbaundit)
Naitional Assembly
Unthirldom
• frae Frauncea
4 Apryle 1960
• Withdrawal from
the Mali Federation
20 August 1960
Aurie
• Tot
196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi) (87t)
• Watter (%)
2.1
Population
• 2016 estimate
15,589,485[2] (72nt)
• 2016 census
14,320,055[3] (73t)
• Density
68.7/km2 (177.9/sq mi) (134t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$43.326 billion[4]
• Per capita
$2,732[4]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$15.431 billion[4]
• Per capita
$973[4]
Gini (2011) 40.3[5]
middlin
HDI (2015) Increase 0.494[6]
law · 162nt
Siller CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +221
Internet TLD .sn

Senegal (/[unsupported input]ˌsɛnˈɡɔːl/; French: le Sénégal), offeecially the Republic o Senegal (République du Sénégal, IPA: [ʁepyblik dy seneɡal]), is a kintra sooth o the Sénégal River in Wast Africae. It owes its name tae the river that borders it tae the East an North an that oreeginates frae the Fouta Djallon in Guinea. Senegal is externally bundit bi the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast, Mauritanie tae the north, Mali tae the east, an Guinea an Guinea-Bissau tae the sooth; internally it amaist completely surrounds The Gambie, namely on the north, east an sooth, exemptin Gambie's short Atlantic Ocean coastline. Senegal covers a land aurie o amaist 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi), an haes an estimatit population o aboot 14 million. The climate is tropical wi twa saisons: the dry saison an the rainy saison.

Dakar, the caipital ceety o Senegal, is locatit at the wastrenmaist tip o the kintra on the Cap-Vert peninsula. Aboot 500 kilometres (300 mi) aff the coast, in the Atlantic Ocean, lie the Cape Verde Islands. Durin the 17t an 18t centuries, numerous tradin posts, belanging tae various colonial empires, wur established alang the coast. The toun o St Louis became the caipital o French Wastern Africae (Afrique-Occidentale française, or AOF) afore it wis moved toae Dakar in 1902. Dakar later became its caipital in 1960 at the time o unthrildom frae Fraunce.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Senegal". The World Factbook. Retrieved 12 October 2015. 
  2. "Senegal Population". Worldometers.info. Retrieved 5 Februar 2017. 
  3. "Senegal". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 5 Februar 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Senegal". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 Aprile 2013. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011. 
  6. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.