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Coordinates: 14°N 14°W / 14°N 14°W / 14; -14

Republic of Senegal

République du Sénégal  (French)
Motto: "Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi" (French)
"Ane Fowk, Ane Goal, Ane Faith"
Location o  Senegal  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Senegal  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Location o Senegal
and largest city
14°40′N 17°25′W / 14.667°N 17.417°W / 14.667; -17.417
Offeecial leidsFrench
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentSemi-presidential republic
• Preses
Bassirou Diomaye Faye
Ousmane Sonko
Naitional Assembly
• frae Frauncea
4 Apryle 1960
• Withdrawal from
the Mali Federation
20 August 1960
• Total
196,712 km2 (75,951 sq mi) (87t)
• Water (%)
• 2023 estimate
18,384,660 (66nt)
• 2016 census
14,320,055[2] (73t)
• Density
93.3/km2 (241.6/sq mi) (134t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$43.326 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$15.431 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2011)40.3[4]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.494[5]
law · 162nt
CurrencyCFA franc (XOF)
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+221
ISO 3166 codeSN
Internet TLD.sn
Territorial organization
Territorial organization 2

Senegal (/[unsupported input]ˌsɛnˈɡɔːl/; French: le Sénégal), offeecially the Republic o Senegal (République du Sénégal, IPA: [ʁepyblik dy seneɡal]), is a kintra sooth o the Sénégal River in Wast Africae. It owes its name tae the river that borders it tae the East an North an that oreeginates frae the Fouta Djallon in Guinea. Senegal is externally bundit bi the Atlantic Ocean tae the wast, Mauritanie tae the north, Mali tae the east, an Guinea an Guinea-Bissau tae the sooth; internally it amaist completely surrounds The Gambie, namely on the north, east an sooth, exemptin Gambie's short Atlantic Ocean coastline. Senegal covers a land aurie o amaist 197,000 square kilometres (76,000 sq mi), an haes an estimatit population o aboot 14 million. The climate is tropical wi twa saisons: the dry saison an the rainy saison.

Dakar, the caipital ceety o Senegal, is locatit at the wastrenmaist tip o the kintra on the Cap-Vert peninsula. Aboot 500 kilometres (300 mi) aff the coast, in the Atlantic Ocean, lie the Cape Verde Islands. Durin the 17t an 18t centuries, numerous tradin posts, belanging tae various colonial empires, wur established alang the coast. The toun o St Louis became the caipital o French Wastern Africae (Afrique-Occidentale française, or AOF) afore it wis moved toae Dakar in 1902. Dakar later became its caipital in 1960 at the time o unthrildom frae Fraunce.


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  1. Central Intelligence Agency (2009). "Senegal". The World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 12 October 2015.
  2. "Senegal". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived frae the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 5 Februar 2017.
  3. a b c d "Senegal". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2013.
  4. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  5. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.