The Gambie

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Republic o The Gambie
Banner o The Gambie
Coat o airms
Motto: "Progress, Peace, Prosperity"
Location o The Gambie
Caipital Banjul
13°28′N 16°36′W / 13.467°N 16.600°W / 13.467; -16.600Coordinates: 13°28′N 16°36′W / 13.467°N 16.600°W / 13.467; -16.600
Lairgest ceety Serekunda
Offeecial leids Inglis
Naitional leids
Ethnic groups (2003)
Demonym Gambian
Govrenment Unitar presidential republic
• President
Adama Barrow
Fatoumata Tambajang
Legislatur Naitional Assemmly
• frae the Unitit Kinrick
18 Februar 1965
• Total
10,689 km2 (4,127 sq mi) (159t)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
2,051,363[2] (146)
• 2013 census
• Density
176.1/km2 (456.1/sq mi) (74t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.582 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$1.038 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (1998) 50.2
HDI (2015) Increase 0.452[4]
law · 173rd
Currency Dalasi (GMD)
Time zone UTC+0 (GMT)
Daylicht Saving Time
is nae observed
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +220
ISO 3166 code GM
Internet TLD .gm

The Republic o The Gambie, commonly kent as The Gambie, or Gambie (/[unsupported input]ˈɡæmbiə/), is a kintra in Wastren Africae. The Gambie is the smawest kintra on mainland Africae, bordered tae the north, east, an sooth bi Senegal, wi a sma coast on the Atlantic Ocean in the wast.

Its borders roughly correspond tae the path o the Gambie River, the naition's namesake, which flows through the kintra's centre an empties intae the Atlantic Ocean. Its size is amaist 10,500 km² wi an estimatit population o 1,700,000.

On 18 Februar 1965, The Gambie wis grantit unthrildom frae the Unitit Kinrick an joined The Commonwealth. Banjul is The Gambie's caipital, but the lairgest conurbation is Serekunda.

The Gambie shares historical ruits wi mony ither wast African naitions in the slave trade, which wis key tae the maintenance o a colony on the Gambie river, first bi the Portuguese an later bi the Breetish. Since gainin unthrildom in 1965, the Gambie haes enjoyed relative stability, wi the exception o a brief period o military rule in 1994.

An agriculturally rich kintra, its economy is dominatit bi farmin, fishin, an tourism. Aboot a third o the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o US$1.25 a day.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 National Population Commission Secretariat (April 30, 2005). "2013 Population and Housing Census: Spatial Distribution" (PDF). Gambia Bureau of Statistics. The Republic of The Gambia. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  2. "The World Factbook: Gambia, The". CIA (in Inglis). Retrieved 2018-01-02. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "The Gambia". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "2016 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.