Guinea-Bissau

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Republic o Guinea-Bissau
República da Guiné-Bissau  (Portuguese)
Banner o Guinea-Bissau
Emblem o Guinea-Bissau
Banner Emblem
Motto: 
"Unidade, Luta, Progresso" (Portuguese)
"Unity, Ficht, Progress"
Anthem: 
Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada  (Portuguese)
This is Our Beloved Homeland
Location o  Guinea-Bissau  (daurk blue)– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray)– in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Guinea-Bissau  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)

Capital
an lairgest ceety
Bissau
11°52′N 15°36′W / 11.867°N 15.600°W / 11.867; -15.600
Offeecial leids Portuguese
Recognised naitional leids Upper Guinea Creole
Ethnic groups
Demonym Bissau-Guinean[1]
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic
• Preses
José Mário Vaz
Umaro Sissoco Embaló
Legislatur Naitional Fowk's Assembly
Unthirldom frae Portugal
• Declared
24 September 1973
• Recognised
10 September 1974
Aurie
• Tot
36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi) (136t)
• Watter (%)
22.4
Population
• 2014 estimate
1,693,398[2] (148t)
• Density
46.9/km2 (121.5/sq mi) (154t)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$2.851 billion[3]
• Per capita
$1,568[3]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$1.168 billion[3]
• Per capita
$642[3]
Gini (2002) 35
middlin
HDI (2015) Increase 0.424[4]
law · 178t
Siller Wast African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +245
Internet TLD .gw

The Republic o Guinea-Bissau (/[unsupported input]ˈɡɪni bɪˈs/; Portuguese: República da Guiné-Bissau, pronounced: [ʁeˈpublikɐ dɐ ɡiˈnɛ biˈsaw]) is a kintra in Wast Africae. It is bordered bi Senegal tae the north, an Guinea tae the sooth an east, wi the Atlantic Ocean tae its wast.

It covers 36,125 km² (nearly 14,000 sq mi) wi an estimatit population o 1,600,000.

Guinea-Bissau wis ance pairt of the kinrick o Gabu, pairt o the Mali Empire; pairts o this kinrick persistit till the 18t century, while ithers wur pairt o the Portuguese Empire. It then became the Portuguese colony o Portuguese Guinea in the 19t century. Upon unthirldom, declared in 1973 an recognised in 1974, the name o its caipital, Bissau, wis addit tae the kintra's name tae prevent confusion wi the Republic o Guinea.

Anerlie 14% o the population speaks the offeecial leid, Portuguese. 44% speak Kriol, a Portuguese-based creole leid, an the remainder speaks native African leids. The main releegions are African traditional releegions and Islam, an there is a Christian (maistly Catholic) minority.

It is a member o the African Union, Economic Community o Wast African States, Organisation o the Islamic Conference, the Laitin Union, Community o Portuguese Language Kintras, La Francophonie an the Sooth Atlantic Peace an Cooperation Zone.

The kintra's per-capita gross domestic product is ane o the lawest in the warld.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Guinea-Bissau" – Field Listing: Nationality. The World Factbook 2013–14. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  2. "The World Factbook – Field Listing – Population – CIA". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 7 Mairch 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Guinea-Bissau". International Monetary Fund. 
  4. "2016 Human Development Report Summary" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. pp. 21–25. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.