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Bissau is the caipital ceety o Guinea-Bissau. The ceety's borders are conterminous wi the Bissau Autonomous Sector. In 2007, the ceety haed an estimatit population o 407,424 accordin tae the Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos.[1] The ceety which is locatit on the Geba River estuary, aff the Atlantic Ocean, is the kintra's lairgest ceety, major port, admeenistrative an military centre.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis founded in 1687 bi Portuguese settlers as a fortifee'd port an tradin centre. In 1942 it became the caipital o Portuguese Guinea. Efter the declaration o unthirldom bi the anti-colonial guerrillas o PAIGC, in 1973, the caipital o the de facto independent territories wis declared tae be Madina do Boe, but Bissau remained as the caipital o the Portuguese-occupied regions, an the de jure caipital o the entire Portuguese Guinea. When Portugal recognized the unthirldom o Guinea-Bissau an pulled oot in 1974 due tae the military coup o Aprile 25 in Lisbon, the twa territories merged an Bissau became the caipital o the new independent state. The ceety is kent for its annual carnival.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

View o Bissau frae Rio Gêba

Bissau is locatit at 11°52' North, 15°36' Wast [1], on the Geba River estuary, aff the Atlantic Ocean.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The last time an offeecial census wis held in the kintra, in 1991, the ceety/region haed a population o 195,389. Housomeivver, bi 2007, the ceety haed an estimatit population o 407,424 accordin tae the Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos.[1]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bissau is the kintra's lairgest ceety, major port, educational, admeenistrative an military centre. Peanuts, hardwoods, copra, palm ile, an rubber are the chief products. The airport that serves Bissau is Osvaldo Vieira International Airport. Poverty an lack o development is widespread.

Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Attractions include the Portuguese-biggit Fortaleza de São José da Amura barracks frae the 18t century, containin Amílcar Cabral's mausoleum, the Pidjiguiti Memorial tae the dockers killed in the Bissau Dockers' Strike on August 3, 1959, the Guinea-Bissau National Arts Institute, Bissau New Stadium an local beaches. Mony biggins in the ceety wur ruined durin the Guinea-Bissau Ceevil War (1998–1999), includin the Guinea-Bissau Presidential Palace an the Bissau French Cultural Centre (nou rebuilt), an the ceety centre is still unnerdeveloped.

Pensão Central's colonial façade in dountoun 
Ruins o the former presidential palace 
The road from the airport to the Parliament 
Central Post Office biggin 
A landmark monument in the ceety centre 
The rulin pairty's heidquarters 

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Instituto Nacional de Estatística e Censos
  2. "Lisboa - Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" [Lisbon - Twinning of Cities and Towns]. Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses [National Association of Portuguese Municipalities] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  3. "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa" [Lisbon - Twinning Agreements, Cooperation and Friendship]. Camara Municipal de Lisboa (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  4. "Geminação com Bissau e Gabu é reforço para lusofonia"
  • Richard Andrew Lobban, Jr. and Peter Karibe Mendy, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, 3rd ed. (Scarecrow Press, 1997, ISBN 0-8108-3226-7) pp. 91–96

Coordinates: 11°51′33″N 15°35′44″W / 11.8592°N 15.5956°W / 11.8592; -15.5956

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