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Clockwise from top: Skyline of Abuja, Zuma Rock, Central Bank HQ and Abuja National Mosque
Clockwise from top: Skyline of Abuja, Zuma Rock, Central Bank HQ and Abuja National Mosque
Abuja is located in Nigerie
Location of Abuja in Nigeria
Coordinates: 9°4′0″N 7°29′0″E / 9.06667°N 7.48333°E / 9.06667; 7.48333
Kintra Nigerie
TerritoryFederal Caipital Territory (Nigerie)
 • MinisterBala Mohammed
 • City713 km2 (275 sq mi)
 • Laund713 km2 (275 sq mi)
840 m (2,760 ft)
 • City979,876
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Postal code
900211 tae 900288

Abuja is the caipital ceety o Nigerie. It is locatit in the centre o Nigerie, athin the Federal Caipital Territory (FCT). Abuja is a planned ceety,[3] an wis biggit mainly in the 1980s. It offeecially became Nigerie's caipital on 12 December 1991, replacin Lagos. At the 2006 census, the ceety o Abuja haed a population o 776,298.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In licht o the ethnic an releegious diveesions o Nigerie, plans haed been devised syne Nigerie's unthirldom tae hae its caipital in a location deemed neutral tae aw pairties. The location wis eventually designated in the centre o the kintra in the early 1970s as it signified neutrality an naitional unity. Anither impetus for Abuja came acause o Lagos' population buim that made that ceety owercroudit an conditions squalid. The logic uised wis seemilar tae hou Brazil planned its caipital, Brasília. Construction broke grund an wis dedicatit in the late 1970s but, due tae economic an poleetical instability, the initial stages o the ceety wur no complete till the late 1980s. The maister plan for Abuja an the Federal Caipital Territory (FCT) wis developed bi Internaitional Planning Associates (IPA), a consortium o three American firms: Planning Research Corporation; Wallace, McHarg, Roberts an Todd; an Archisystems, a diveesion o the Hughes Organization. The maister plan for Abuja defined the general structur an major design elements o the ceety that are visible in the ceety's current form. Mair detailed design o the central aurie o the caipital, parteecularly its monumental core, wis accomplished bi Kenzo Tange, a renouned Japanese airchitect, wi his team o ceety planners at Kenzo Tange an Urtec company. Maist kintra relocatit thair embassies tae Abuja, an mony maintain thair umwhile embassies as consulates in Lagos, still the commercial caipital o Nigeria. Abuja is the heidquarters o the Economic Community o Wast African States (ECOWAS) an the regional heidquarters o OPEC. Abuja an the FCT hae experienced huge population growthe; it haes been reportit that some auries aroond Abuja hae been growin at 20% tae 30% per year.[4] Squatter settlements an towns hae spread rapidly in an ootside the ceety leemits.[3][5] Tens o thoosans o fowk hae been evictit syne umwhile FCT meenister Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai stairtit a demolition campaign in 2003.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Legal Notice on Publication of 2006 Census Final Results" (PDF). Policy and Legal Advocacy Centre. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 Mairch 2013. Retrieved 10 Juin 2012.
  2. "Explore Abuja City". Stay in Abuja dot com. Archived frae the original on 4 December 2011. Retrieved 19 Mey 2013. Archived 2011-12-04 at the Wayback Machine
  3. a b "Life of poverty in Abuja's wealth". news.bbc.co.uk. BBC News, Tuesday, 13 February 2007. 13 Februar 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007.
  4. "World Bank Conference: African Regional Roundtable on Upgrading Low-income Settlements" (PDF). www.citiesalliance.org. World Bank, 3–5 October 2000, Johannesburg, South Africa, p. 16. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2007."Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 21 Februar 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. "Resettlement Issues, Squatter Settlements and the Problems of Land Administration in Abuja, Nigeria's Federal Capital" (PDF). fig.net. 5th FIG Regional Conference Accra, Ghana, 8–11 March 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2007.