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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
(Reguidit frae Nigerie)
Motto: "Unity an Faith, Peace an Progress"
Location o  Nigeirie  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Nigeirie  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

9°4′N 7°29′E / 9.067°N 7.483°E / 9.067; 7.483
Lairgest ceetyLagos
Offeecial leidsInglis
Major leids
Ither leids[1]
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentFederal presidential republic
• Preses
Muhammadu Buhari
Yemi Osinbajo
Ahmed Lawan
Femi Gbajabiamila
Juistice Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad
LegislaturNaitional Assembly
Hoose o Representatives
frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Unification o Soothren an Northren Nigerie
• Declared an recognised
1 October 1960
• Republic declared
1 October 1963
• Total
923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi) (32nd)
• Water (%)
• 2013 estimate
174,507,539[6] (7t)
• 2006 census
• Density
188.9/km2 (489.2/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
• Total
$478.526 billion[7] (30t)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$292.028 billion[7] (38t)
• Per capita
Gini (2010)48.8[8]
HDI (2012)Increase 0.471[9]
law · 153rd
CurrencyNaira (₦) (NGN)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (nae observed)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG
Internet TLD.ng
Territorial Organization

Nigerie, or the Confiderat Republic o Nigeirie, is a federal constitutional republic comprisin thirty-sax states an its Federal Caipital Territory, Abuja. The kintra is locatit in Wast Africae an shares laundmairches wi the Republic o Benin in the wast, Chad an Cameroon in the east, an Niger in the north. Its coast in the sooth lies on the Gulf o Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The three lairgest an maist influential ethnic groups in Nigerie are the Hausa, Igbo an Yoruba. In terms o releegion Nigerie is roughly split hauf an hauf atween Muslims an Christians wi a vera sma minority wha practise traditional releegion.

The fowk o Nigerie hae an extensive history. Archaeological evidence shows that human habitation o the aurie dates back tae at least 9000 BC.[10] The aurie aroond the Benue an Cross River is thocht tae be the oreeginal hameland o the Bantu migrants wha spread athort maist o central an soothren Africae in waves atween the 1st millennium BC an the 2nt millennium.

The name Nigerie wis taken frae the Niger River runnin throu the kintra. This name wis coined bi Flora Shaw, the futur wife o Baron Lugard, a Breetish colonial admeenistrator, in the late 19t century.

Nigeria is the maist populous kintra in Africae, the seivent maist populous kintra in the warld, an the maist populous kintra in the warld in whilk the majority o the population is black. It is leetit amang the "Next Eleiven" economies, an is a member o the Commonweel o Naitions. The economy o Nigerie is ane o the fastest growin in the warld, wi the International Monetary Fund projectin a growthe o 9% in 2008 an 8.3% in 2009.[11][12][13][14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Languages of Nigeria". Ethnologue. Retrieved 12 September 2010.
  2. a b http://www.cms.int/publications/TechSeries/turtles_06/page_217-223_nigeria.pdf
  3. Ethnic groups - Nigeria - area
  4. A Glance at Africa - Njoki N. Wane - Google Books
  5. "|Nigeria|History|Country|Government|Politics|Map of Nigeria|Travel|". Archived frae the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 12 Mey 2014.
  6. "Nigeria". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (United States). Archived frae the original on 31 August 2020. Retrieved 12 Mey 2014.
  7. a b c d "Nigeria". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  9. "International Human Development Indicators". UNDP. Archived frae the original on 29 Mey 2013. Retrieved 23 Mey 2013.
  10. McIntosh, Susan Keech, Current directions in west African prehistory. Palo Alto, California: Annual Reviews Inc., 1981. 215–258 p.: ill.
  11. "IMF Survey: Nigeria Needs Sustained Reforms to Build on Success". Imf.org. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  12. Aminu, Ayodele. "allAfrica.com: Africa: IMF Forecasts 9 Percent Growth for Nigeria (Page 1 of 1)". Allafrica.com. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  13. Godwin, Atser. "The Punch: IMF predicts 9% GDP growth rate for Nigeria". Punchng.com. Archived frae the original on 11 Mey 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2008.
  14. ": Welcome to Independent Newspapers Limited - A voice of your own". Independentngonline.com. Archived frae the original on 7 Julie 2008. Retrieved 21 November 2008.