São Tomé

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São Tomé
Ceety
São Tomé palace
São Tomé palace
Banner o São Tomé
Banner
Coat o airms o São Tomé
Coat o airms
São Tomé is located in São Tomé
São Tomé
São Tomé
Location on São Tomé Island
Coordinates: 0°20′10″N 6°40′53″E / 0.33611°N 6.68139°E / 0.33611; 6.68139
Kintra Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé an Príncipe
Province São Tomé Province
Destrict Água Grande
Aurie
 • Tot 7 sq mi (17 km2)
Population (2005)
 • Tot 56,166
 • Density 500/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zone UTC (UTC+0)
Aurie code(s) +239-11x-xxxx through 14x-xxxx

São Tomé (population 56,166 in 2005) is the caipital ceety o São Tomé an Príncipe an is bi far that naition's lairgest toun. Its name is Portuguese for "Saunt Thomas".

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

São Tomé wis foondit bi Portugal in 1485. The Portuguese came tae São Tomé in search o land tae grow succar. The island wis uninhabitit afore the arrival o the Portuguese sometime aroond 1470. São Tomé wis richt on the equator an wet enough tae grow succar in wild abundance. Its proximity tae the African Kinrick o Kongo providit an eventual soorce o slave laborers tae wirk the succar plantations. São Tomé is centered on a saxteent century cathedral. Anither early biggin is Fort São Sebastião, biggit in 1575 an nou the São Tomé Naitional Museum. In 1599, the ceety as well as the islands wur taken bi the Dutch for twa days an again in 1641 for a year. It wis the caipital o the Portuguese colony o São Tomé an Príncipe an, syne São Tomé an Príncipe's unthirldom in 1975, caipital o the sovereign naition.

Geografie an location[eedit | eedit soorce]

The cathedral - Sé - o Sao Tomé

São Tomé is locatit at 0°20′10″N 6°40′53″E / 0.33611°N 6.68139°E / 0.33611; 6.68139Coordinates: 0°20′10″N 6°40′53″E / 0.33611°N 6.68139°E / 0.33611; 6.68139. [1]

Important as a port, São Tomé is locatit on Ana Chaves Bay in the northeast o São Tomé Island, an Ilhéu das Cabras lies nearby affshore. São Tomé is locatit northeast o Trindade, sootheast o Guadalupe an northwest o Santana. It is linked tae these touns bi various roadways, but especially bi the highway encircling the entire island o São Tomé. It is airtit tae Cape Verde bi a weekly ferry.

Featurs o the toun include the Presidential Palace, the Cathedral, an a cinema. The ceety is an aa home tae schuils, middle schuils, heich schuils, ane polytechnic, twa mercats, three radio stations, the public televeesion station TVSP, several clinics an hospitals, the kintra's main airport - São Tomé Internaitional Airport (wi direct regular scheduled flichts tae Angola, Gabon an Portugal as well as occasional domestic flichts tae Príncipe), an mony squares (praças). São Tomé an aa serves as the center o the island's road an bus networks. The toun is well kent for the Tchiloli play.

Population history[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1990
(Juin 23, Census)
42,331
2000
(Juin 16, Census)
49,997 +18.1%
2003
(Estimate)
53,300 +6.6%
2005
(Januar 1, Estimate)
56,166 +5.4%

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

São Tomé is served bi São Tomé International Airport (IATA: TMSICAO: FPST) wi regular flichts tae Europe an ither African kintras.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

São Tomé featurs a tropical wet ad dry climate wi a relatively lengthy wet saison an a short dry saison. The wet saison runs frae October through Mey while the dry saison covers the remainin fower months. São Tomé sees on average just unner 1000 mm o precipitation per year. Temperaturs in the ceety are relatively constant, wi average heich temperaturs usually aroond 30 °C an average law temperaturs aroond 22 °C.

Climate data for São Tomé
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 32
(90)
33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
33
(91)
Average heich °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
Average law °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
Record law °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(66)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 81
(3.19)
107
(4.21)
150
(5.91)
127
(5)
135
(5.31)
28
(1.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
23
(0.91)
109
(4.29)
117
(4.61)
89
(3.5)
966
(38.03)
Soorce: BBC Wather [1]

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Average Conditions Sao Tome, Sao Tome Principe". BBC Weather. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 12, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]