Nairobi

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Nairobi
Clockwise frae tap: Central buisness destrict, Nairobi Naitional Pairk, Pairlament o Kenyae, Nairobi Ceety Haw an the Kenyatta Internaitional Conference Centre.
Clockwise frae tap: Central buisness destrict, Nairobi Naitional Pairk, Pairlament o Kenyae, Nairobi Ceety Haw an the Kenyatta Internaitional Conference Centre.
Banner o Nairobi
Banner
Coat of airms o Nairobi
Coat airms
Eik-name(s): 
"Green Ceety in the Sun", "Nai", "Silicon Savannah"
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Coordinates: 1°17′S 36°49′E / 1.283°S 36.817°E / -1.283; 36.817Coordinates: 1°17′S 36°49′E / 1.283°S 36.817°E / -1.283; 36.817
Kintra Kenyae
CoontyNairobi Coonty
Foondit1899
Constituencies
Govrenment
 • BodiNairobi Ceety Coonty
 • LegislatureCoonty Assembly
 • GovrenorEvans Kidero
Area
 • Ceety696 km2 (269 sq mi)
Elevation
1661 m (5450 ft)
Population
 (2009)[1]
 • Ceety3,138,369
 • Density4850/km2 (12,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
6,547,547
Demonym(s)Nairobian
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code(s)020
Websitewww.nairobi.go.ke

Nairobi (pronounced /naɪˈroʊbi/ (deprecatit template)) is the caipital and lairgest ceety o Kenyae. The ceety and its surroondin aurie an aa forms the Nairobi Province.[2] The name "Nairobi" comes frae the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyirobi, which translates tae "the place o cool waters". However, it is popularly kent as the "Green City in the Sun" an is surroondit bi several expandin villa suburbs.[3] The fowk o Nairobi are popularly nicknamed 'Nairobians'.

Foondit in 1899 as a simple rail depot on the railway linkin Mombasa tae Ugandae, the toun quickly grew tae become the caipital o Breetish East Africae in 1907 an eventually the caipital o a free Kenyan republic in 1963.[4] Durin Kenyae's colonial period, the ceety became a centre for the colony's coffee, tea an sisal industry.[5] Nairobi is an aa the caipital o the Nairobi Province an o the Nairobi Destrict. The ceety lies on the Nairobi River, in the sooth o the naition, an haes an elevation o 1795 m abuin sea-level.[6]

Nairobi is the maist populous ceety in East Africae, wi a current estimatit population o aboot 3 million.[1] According tae the 1999 Census, in the administrative aurie o Nairobi, 2,143,254 indwallers lived athin 696 km2 (269 sq mi).[7] Nairobi is currently the 13t lairgest ceety in Africae, based on population an fowert lairgest in infrastructure development an its size.

Nairobi is nou ane o the maist prominent ceeties in Africae politically an financially.[8] Hame tae mony companies an organisations, includin the Unitit Naitions Environment Programme an the UN Office in Africae, Nairobi is established as a hub for business an cultur. The Nairobi Stock Exchange (NSE) is ane o the lairgest in Africae, ranked fowert in terms o trading volume an capable o makin 10 million trades a day.[9] The Globalisation and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) defines Nairobi as a prominent social centre.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Population Distribution by Political Units". knbs.or.ke. Archived frae the original on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 30 Mairch 2015.
  2. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 23 Apryle 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Pulse Africa. "Not to be Missed: Nairobi 'Green City in the Sun'". pulseafrica.com. Archived frae the original on 28 Apryle 2007. Retrieved 14 Juin 2007.
  4. City-Data.com. "Nairobi History". http://www.city-data.com/. Retrieved 25 August 2008. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  5. "History - Nairobi". City-data.com. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
  6. AlNinga. "Attractions of Nairobi". alninga.com. Retrieved 14 Juin 2007.
  7. "Population distribution by province/district and sex: 1979-199 censuses". Kenya Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived frae the original on 14 Mairch 2009. Retrieved 20 Mairch 2009.
  8. Bauk. "Håvar Bauck's city guide to Nairobi". bauck.com. Archived frae the original on 9 September 2007. Retrieved 17 Juin 2007.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 10 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. "Sister Cities International". Sister-cities.org. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
  11. "Raleigh, North Carolina". Sister Cities International. Archived frae the original on 16 Mey 2013. Retrieved 29 Januar 2013.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]

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