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Venus Bay
Venus Bay
Malabo is locatit in Bioko
Location in Bioko
Malabo is locatit in Equatorial Guinea
Malabo (Equatorial Guinea)
Coordinates: 3°45′7.43″N 8°46′25.32″E / 3.7520639°N 8.7737000°E / 3.7520639; 8.7737000
Kintra  Equatorial Guinea
Province Bioko Norte
Foondit 1827
Current name Syne 1973
 • Total 21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Tot 187,302
 • Density 8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Malabeño-a
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
Climate Am

Malabo (pronounced /məˈlɑːboʊ/ (deprecatit template)) is the caipital an the lairgest ceety o Equatorial Guinea, locatit on the northren coast o Bioko Island (formerly Fernando Pó) on the rim o a sunken volcano.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis first foondit bi the Breetish in 1827, who leased the island frae Spain durin the colonial period. Named Port Clarence, it wis uised as a naval station in the effort tae suppress the slave trade. Mony newly freed slaves wur an aa settled thare, prior tae the establishment o Liberie as a colony for freed slaves. While mony o them later relocatit tae Sierra Leone, some o thair descendants, cawed Fernandinos, can still be foond in Malabo an the surroondin aurie, whaur thay constitute a distinct ethnic group, speakin thair awn Afro-Portuguese pidgin dialect.

When the island revertit tae complete Spainyie control, Malabo wis renamed Santa Isabel. It wis chosen tae replace the mainland toun o Bata as the caipital o the kintra in 1969, an wis renamed Malabo in 1973 as pairt o Preses Francisco Macías Nguema's campaign tae replace European place names wi "authentic" African anes.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 3°45′09″N 8°46′31″E / 3.752407°N 8.775265°E / 3.752407; 8.775265