Malabo

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Malabo
Venus Bay
Venus Bay
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Coordinates: 3°45′7.43″N 8°46′25.32″E / 3.7520639°N 8.7737000°E / 3.7520639; 8.7737000
Kintra Equatorial Guinea
ProvinceBioko Norte
Foondit1827
Current nameSyne 1973
Area
 • Total21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total187,302
 • Density8,900/km2 (23,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Malabeño-a
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
ClimateAm

Malabo (pronounced /məˈlɑːboʊ/ (deprecatit template)) is the caipital an the lairgest ceety o Equatorial Guinea, locatit on the northren coast o Bioko Island (formerly Fernando Pó) on the rim o a sunken volcano.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis first foondit bi the Breetish in 1827, who leased the island frae Spain durin the colonial period. Named Port Clarence, it wis uised as a naval station in the effort tae suppress the slave trade. Mony newly freed slaves wur an aa settled thare, prior tae the establishment o Liberie as a colony for freed slaves. While mony o them later relocatit tae Sierra Leone, some o thair descendants, cawed Fernandinos, can still be foond in Malabo an the surroondin aurie, whaur thay constitute a distinct ethnic group, speakin thair awn Afro-Portuguese pidgin dialect.

When the island revertit tae complete Spaingie control, Malabo wis renamed Santa Isabel. It wis chosen tae replace the mainland toun o Bata as the caipital o the kintra in 1969, an wis renamed Malabo in 1973 as pairt o Preses Francisco Macías Nguema's campaign tae replace European place names wi "authentic" African anes.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]


Coordinates: 3°45′07″N 8°46′25″E / 3.75206389°N 8.7737°E / 3.75206389; 8.7737