Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa
Caipital
A montage o Addis Ababa's sichts (frae left tae right) Top: Addis Ababa City Hall, Lion o Judah Monument, Tiglachin MonumentMiddle: St. George's Cathedral, Yekatit 12 Squerr, Addis Ababa Railway Station  Bottom: Meyazia 27 Square, View o Addis Ababa frae Entoto, Meskel Squerr
A montage o Addis Ababa's sichts (frae left tae right)
Top: Addis Ababa City Hall, Lion o Judah Monument, Tiglachin Monument
Middle: St. George's Cathedral, Yekatit 12 Squerr, Addis Ababa Railway Station
Bottom: Meyazia 27 Square, View o Addis Ababa frae Entoto, Meskel Squerr
Nickname(s): Ceety o Humans, Adisaba, Sheger, Adu, Adu Genet
Addis Ababa is located in Ethiopie
Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa
Location in Ethiopie
Coordinates: 9°1′48″N 38°44′24″E / 9.03000°N 38.74000°E / 9.03000; 38.74000
Kintra  Ethiopia
Chairtered Ceety Addis Ababa
Chairtered 1886
Govrenment
 • Mayor Diriba Kuma
Aurie
 • Caipital 527 km2 (203 sq mi)
 • Laund 527 km2 (203 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation 2,355 m (7,726 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Caipital 3,384,569
 • Density 5,165.1/km2 (13,378/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,384,569
 • Metro 4,567,857
  [2]
Time zone East Africae Time (UTC+3)
Aurie code(s) (+251) 11
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Addis Ababa (sometimes spelled Addis Abeba, the spellin uised bi the offeecial Ethiopian Mapping Authority) is the caipital ceety o Ethiopie. (In Ethiopian leids: Amharic, Addis Abäba [adːiːs aβəβa] "new flouer"; Oromo, Finfinne; Ge'ez ኣዲስ ኣበባ) It is the lairgest ceety in Ethiopiee, wi a population o 3,384,569 accordin tae the 2007 population census.[2]

As a chairtered ceety (ras gez astedader), Addis Ababa haes the status o baith a ceety an a state. It is whaur the African Union an its predecessor the OAU are based. Addis Ababa is therefore aften referred tae as "the poleetical caipital o Africae", due tae its historical, diplomatic an poleetical significance for the continent.[3] The ceety is populatit bi fowk frae different regions o Ethiopie – the kintra haes as mony as 80 naitionalities speakin 80 leids an belangin tae a wide variety o releegious communities. It is hame tae Addis Ababa University. The Federation o African Societies o Chemistry (FASC) an Horn o Africae Press Institute (HAPI) are an aa heidquartered in Addis Ababa.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: History o Addis Ababa

The site o Addis Ababa wis chosen bi Empress Taytu Betul an the ceety wis foondit in 1886 bi her husband, Emperor Menelik II. The name o the ceety (ኣዲስ ኣበባ) wis taken frae pairts o the ceety cawed hora Finfinnee ("hot springs") in Oromo. Anither Oromo name o the ceety is Sheger. Menelik, as initially a Keeng o the Shewa province, haed foond Munt Entoto a uiseful base for military operations in the sooth o his realm, an in 1879 visitit the reputit ruins o a medieval toun, an an unfinished rock kirk that showed proof o an Ethiopian presence in the aurie prior tae the campaigns o Ahmad Gragn. His interest in the aurie grew when his wife Taytu began wirk on a kirk on Entoto, an Menelik endoued a seicont kirk in the aurie.

Housomeivver the immediate aurie did no encourage the foonding o a toun due tae the lack o firewood and water, so dounset actually began in the valley sooth o the muntain in 1886. Initially, Taytu biggit a hoose for hersel near the "Filwoha" hot mineral springs, where she an members o the Showan Ryal Court liked tae take mineral baths. Ither nobility an their staffs an hoosehaulds settled the vicinity, an Menelik expandit his wife's hoose tae become the Imperial Palace which remains the seat o government in Addis Ababa the day. The name chynged tae Addis Ababa an became Ethiopie's caipital when Menelik II became Emperor o Ethiopie. The toun grew bi leaps an boonds. Ane o Emperor Menelik's contributions that is still visible the day is the plantin o numerous eucalyptus trees alang the ceety streets.[4]

On 5 Mey 1936, Italian troops invadit Addis Ababa durin the Seicont Italo-Abyssinian War, makin it the caipital o Italian East Africae frae 1936 tae 1941 efter killin aboot a million Ethiopians wi mustard gas. Efter the Italian airmy in Ethiopie wis defeatit bi the Breetish forces durin the East African Campaign, Emperor Haile Selassie returned tae Addis Ababa on 5 Mey 1941—five years tae the vera day efter he haed depairtit—an immediately began the wirk o re-establishin his caipital.

Emperor Haile Selassie helped form the Organization o African Unity in 1963, an invitit the new organization tae keep its heidquarters in the ceety. The OAU wis dissolved in 2002 an replaced bi the African Union (AU), an aa heidquartered in Addis Ababa. The Unitit Naitions Economic Commission for Africae an aa haes its heidquarters in Addis Ababa. Addis Ababa wis an aa the site o the Cooncil o the Oriental Orthodox Kirks in 1965.

Ethiopia haes aften been cawed the oreeginal hame o mankind due tae various humanoid fossil discoveries like the Australopithecine Lucy.[5] North eastren Africae, an the Afar region in particular wis the central focus o these claims till recent DNA evidence suggestit oreegins in sooth central Ethiopian regions like present-day Addis Ababa.[6][7] Efter analysin the DNA o amaist 1,000 fowk aroond the warld, geneticists an ither scientists claimed fowk spread frae wha is nou Addis Ababa 100,000 years ago.[8][9] The research indicatit that genetic diversity declines steadily the farther ane's ancestors traveled frae Addis Ababa, Ethiopie.[10][11]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2011 National Statistics". Csa.gov.et. Retrieved 20 Julie 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. "Census 2007, preliminary (pdf-file)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  3. http://www.uneca.org/uncc/
  4. Pankhurst, p. 195
  5. African tribe frae Ethiopie populated rest o the warld.
  6. "Humans Moved From Africa Across Globe, DNA Study Says". 
  7. "DNA Links Humanity To One Common Origin: Africa". 
  8. "Around the world from Addis Ababa". 
  9. "New Study Proves Theory of Human Recent African Origin". 
  10. Brown, David (2008-02-22). "Genetic Mutations Offer Insights on Human Diversity". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-04-23. 
  11. "DNA studies trace migration from Ethiopia". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-10-20. 
  12. [http://www.beer-sheva.muni.il/ArimTeomot.asp "קשרים בין-ל�?ומיים של העיר ב�?ר-שבע"]. Beer-sheva.muni.il. Retrieved 5 Mey 2012.  replacement character in |title= at position 12 (help)

Coordinates: 9°01′38″N 38°44′13″E / 9.0272°N 38.7369°E / 9.0272; 38.7369