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Coordinates: 22°00′N 80°00′W / 22.000°N 80.000°W / 22.000; -80.000

Republic o Cuba

República de Cuba  (Spaingie)
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spaingie)
"Hameland or Daith, we shall owercome!"[1]
"¡Trabajadores del mundo, únanse!"
"Wirkers o the warld, unite!"
AnthemLa Bayamesa
Bayamo Sang [2]
Location o  Cuba  (green)
Location o  Cuba  (green)
and largest city
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Offeecial leidsSpaingie
Ethnic groups
GovrenmentUnitar Marxist–Leninist ane-pairty socialist republic[4]
Raúl Castro
• Preses
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Salvador Valdés Mesa
José Machado Ventura
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly o Fowk's Pouer
October 10, 1868
Februar 24, 1895
• Recognised (haundit ower frae Spain tae the Unitit States)
December 10, 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
Mey 20, 1902
Julie 26, 1953 – Januar 1, 1959
• Current constitution
Februar 24, 1976
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 census
11,239,224[6] (81st)
• Density
102.3/km2 (265.0/sq mi) (106t)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[7] (55t)
• Per capita
US$ 20,646 (2013)[8] (58t)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Tot
US$ 87.205 billion[9] (65t)
• Per capita
US$ 7,657[10] (80t)
Gini (2000)38.0[11]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.775[12]
heich · 68t
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneUTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
  1. Frae 1993 tae 2004, the Unitit States dollar wis uised alangside the peso till the dollar wis replaced bi the convertible peso.
Territorial organization
Cathedral of the Habana
Cuban refugees (1980)

The Republic o Cuba (Spaingie pronunciation: [ˈkuβa]) is a kintra in the Americaes. It conseests o the island o Cuba (the maist muckle an secont-maist populous island o the Greater Antilles), the island o Isla de la Juventud, an monie adjacent wee islands.

Havana is the maist muckle city in Cuba an is the kintra's caipital. Santiago de Cuba an Camagüey are major Cuban cities an aw. Better kent smawer clachans include: Baracoa (that wis the first Spanis sattlement on Cuba), Trinidad (a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid), an Bayamo.

Cuba is hame tae ower 11 million fowk an is the maist populous insular naition in the Caribbean. Its fowk, cultur, an customs draw fae diverse soorces sic as: the auncient Taíno an Ciboney fowk; the period o Spaingie colonialism; the introduction o African thralls; an its proximity tae the Unitit States.

Most of the economy depends on remittances.


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  1. "Cuban Peso Bills". Central Bank of Cuba. 2015. Archived frae the original on 26 September 2018. Retrieved 14 Februar 2017.
  2. "National symbols". Government of Cuba. Archived frae the original on 15 Januar 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  3. official 2012 Census Archived Juin 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  4. "The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, 1976 (as Amended to 2002)" (PDF). National Assembly of People's Power. Archived frae the original (PDF) on Januar 17, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
    For discussion o the 1992 amendments, see Domínguez 2003.
  5. "Anuario Estadístico de Cuba 2010". Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Archived frae the original on 4 Mairch 2016. Retrieved 19 Julie 2013.
  6. "Resumen del Balance Demográfico" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 31 Julie 2017. Retrieved 15 Julie 2017.
  7. "GDP PPP pdf World Bank 2015" (PDF). Retrieved 29 Juin 2017.
  8. "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)".
  9. "GDP (current US$)".
  10. "GDP per capita (current US$)".
  11. "Cuba grapples with growing inequality". Reuters. Archived frae the original on 17 September 2013. Retrieved 21 Julie 2013.
  12. "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990–2014" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. Archived frae the original on 22 Mairch 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2015.