Cuba

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Coordinates: 22°00′N 80°00′W / 22.000°N 80.000°W / 22.000; -80.000

Republic o Cuba
República de Cuba  (Spaingie)
Banner o Cuba
Coat o airms o Cuba
Banner Coat o airms
Motto: 
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spaingie)
"Hameland or Daith, we shall owercome!"[1]
 •
"¡Trabajadores del mundo, únanse!"
"Wirkers o the warld, unite!"
Anthem: La Bayamesa
Bayamo Sang [2]
Location o  Cuba  (green)
Location o  Cuba  (green)
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Havana
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Offeecial leids Spaingie
Ethnic groups (2012[3])
Demonym Cuban
Govrenment Unitar Marxist–Leninist ane-pairty socialist republic[4]
• Preses
Raúl Castro
Miguel Díaz-Canel[5]
Raúl Castro
Esteban Lazo Hernández
Legislatur Naitional Assembly o Fowk's Pouer
Independence
October 10, 1868
Februar 24, 1895
• Recognised (haundit ower frae Spain tae the Unitit States)
December 10, 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
Mey 20, 1902
Julie 26, 1953 – Januar 1, 1959
• Current constitution
Februar 24, 1976
Aurie
• Tot
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Watter (%)
negligible[6]
Population
• 2016 census
11,239,224[7] (81st)
• Density
102.3/km2 (265.0/sq mi) (106t)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[8] (55t)
• Per capita
US$ 20,646 (2013)[9] (58t)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 87.205 billion[10] (65t)
• Per capita
US$ 7,657[11] (80t)
Gini (2000) 38.0[12]
middlin
HDI (2015) Increase 0.775[13]
heich · 68t
Siller (CUC)
Time zone CST (UTC−5)
• Summer (DST)
CDT (UTC−4)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +53
Internet TLD .cu
  1. Frae 1993 tae 2004, the Unitit States dollar wis uised alangside the peso till the dollar wis replaced bi the convertible peso.

The Republic o Cuba (Spaingie pronunciation: [ˈkuβa]) is a kintra in the Americaes. It conseests o the island o Cuba (the lairgest an secont-maist populous island o the Greater Antilles), the island o Isla de la Juventud, an monie adjacent wee islands.

Havana is the maist muckle ceety in Cuba an is the kintra's caipital. Santiago de Cuba an Camagüey are major Cuban ceeties an aw. Better kent wee-er clachans include: Baracoa (whilks wis the first Spainyie settlement on Cuba), Trinidad (a UNESCO World Heritage Steid), an Bayamo.

Cuba is hame tae ower 11 million fowk an is the maist populous insular nation in the Caribbean. Its fowk, cultur, an customs draw fae diverse sources sic as: the auncient Taíno an Ciboney fowk; the period o Spainyie colonialism; the introduction o African thralls; an its proximity tae the Unitit States.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Cuban Peso Bills". Central Bank of Cuba. 2015. Retrieved Februar 14, 2017. 
  2. "National symbols". Government of Cuba. Retrieved September 7, 2009. 
  3. official 2012 Census Archived June 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. "The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, 1976 (as Amended to 2002)" (PDF). National Assembly of People's Power. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on Januar 17, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
    For discussion o the 1992 amendments, see Domínguez 2003.
  5. "Cuba's Raul Castro to retire in five years". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved Julie 19, 2013. 
  6. "Anuario Estadístico de Cuba 2010". Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved Julie 19, 2013. 
  7. "Resumen del Balance Demográfico" (PDF). Retrieved Julie 15, 2017. 
  8. "GDP PPP pdf World Bank 2015" (PDF). Retrieved Juin 29, 2017. 
  9. "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)". 
  10. "GDP (current US$)". 
  11. "GDP per capita (current US$)". 
  12. "Cuba grapples with growing inequality". Reuters. Retrieved Julie 21, 2013. 
  13. "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990–2014". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved December 15, 2015.