Cuba

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Coordinates: 22°00′N 80°00′W / 22.000°N 80.000°W / 22.000; -80.000

Republic o Cuba

República de Cuba  (Spaingie)
Motto: 
"¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!" (Spaingie)
"Hameland or Daith, we shall owercome!"[1]
 •
"¡Trabajadores del mundo, únanse!"
"Wirkers o the warld, unite!"
AnthemLa Bayamesa
Bayamo Sang [2]
Location o  Cuba  (green)
Location o  Cuba  (green)
Caipital
and largest city
Havana
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Offeecial leidsSpaingie
Ethnic groups
(2012[3])
Demonym(s)Cuban
GovrenmentUnitar Marxist–Leninist ane-pairty socialist republic[4]
Raúl Castro
• Preses
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Salvador Valdés Mesa
José Machado Ventura
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly o Fowk's Pouer
Independence
October 10, 1868
Februar 24, 1895
• Recognised (haundit ower frae Spain tae the Unitit States)
December 10, 1898
• Republic declared (independence from United States)
Mey 20, 1902
Julie 26, 1953 – Januar 1, 1959
• Current constitution
Februar 24, 1976
Aurie
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
negligible[5]
Population
• 2016 census
11,239,224[6] (81st)
• Density
102.3/km2 (265.0/sq mi) (106t)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$ 254.865 billion[7] (55t)
• Per capita
US$ 20,646 (2013)[8] (58t)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Tot
US$ 87.205 billion[9] (65t)
• Per capita
US$ 7,657[10] (80t)
Gini (2000)38.0[11]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.775[12]
heich · 68t
Currency (CUC)
Time zoneUTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−4 (CDT)
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU
Internet TLD.cu
  1. Frae 1993 tae 2004, the Unitit States dollar wis uised alangside the peso till the dollar wis replaced bi the convertible peso.

The Republic o Cuba (Spaingie pronunciation: [ˈkuβa]) is a kintra in the Americaes. It conseests o the island o Cuba (the lairgest an secont-maist populous island o the Greater Antilles), the island o Isla de la Juventud, an monie adjacent wee islands.

Havana is the maist muckle ceety in Cuba an is the kintra's caipital. Santiago de Cuba an Camagüey are major Cuban ceeties an aw. Better kent wee-er clachans include: Baracoa (whilks wis the first Spaingie dounset on Cuba), Trinidad (a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid), an Bayamo.

Cuba is hame tae ower 11 million fowk an is the maist populous insular naition in the Caribbean. Its fowk, cultur, an customs draw fae diverse soorces sic as: the auncient Taíno an Ciboney fowk; the period o Spaingie colonialism; the introduction o African thralls; an its proximity tae the Unitit States.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Cuban Peso Bills". Central Bank of Cuba. 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2017. 
  2. "National symbols". Government of Cuba. Retrieved September 7, 2009. 
  3. official 2012 Census Archived Juin 3, 2014[Date mismatch], at the Wayback Machine.
  4. "The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, 1976 (as Amended to 2002)" (PDF). National Assembly of People's Power. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on January 17, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
    For discussion o the 1992 amendments, see Domínguez 2003.
  5. "Anuario Estadístico de Cuba 2010". Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  6. "Resumen del Balance Demográfico" (PDF). Retrieved July 15, 2017. 
  7. "GDP PPP pdf World Bank 2015" (PDF). Retrieved June 29, 2017. 
  8. "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)". 
  9. "GDP (current US$)". 
  10. "GDP per capita (current US$)". 
  11. "Cuba grapples with growing inequality". Reuters. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  12. "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990–2014". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved December 15, 2015.