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Marxism–Leninism is a communist ideology, offeecially based upon the theories o Marxism an Leninism, that promotes the development an creation o an internaitional communist society through the leadership o a vanguard pairty ower a revolutionary socialist state that represents a dictatorship o the proletariat.[1] Marxist-Leninist society seeks tae purge onything considered bourgeois, idealist, or releegious frae it.[2] It supports the creation o a single-pairty state. It rejects poleetical pluralism external tae communism, claimin that the proletariat need a single, able poleetical pairty tae represent them an exercise poleetical leadership.[3] Through the policy o democratic centralism, the communist pairty is the supreme poleetical institution o the Marxist-Leninist state.[4]

Marxism–Leninism is a far-left ideology. It is based on principles o class conflict, egalitarianism, dialectical materialism an raitionalism, as well as social progress. It is anti-bourgeois, anti-caipitalist, anti-conservative, anti-fascist, anti-imperialist, anti-leeberal, anti-reactionary, an is opposed tae bourgeois democracy.

The Marxism-Leninist state utilizes a centrally planned state socialist economy.[5] It supports public awnership o the economy an supports the confiscation o aw private property that becomes public property admeenistered bi the state, while personal property is left untouched.[6] It typically replaces the role o mercat in the caipitalist economy wi centralizit state management o the economy that is kent as a command economy.[6] Housomeivver in recent decades an alternative Marxist-Leninist economy that exists is the Socialist mercat economy that haes been uised bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, Socialist Republic o Vietnam an historically bi the Fowkrepublic o Hungary an the Socialist Federal Republic o Yugoslavie.

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  1. Michael Albert, Robin Hahnel. Socialism today and tomorrow. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: South End Press, 1981. Pp. 24-25.
  2. Silvo Pons (ed.) and Robert Service (ed.). A Dictionary of 20th Century Communism. Princeton, New Jersey, USA; Oxfordshire, England, UK: Princeton University Press. Pp. 526.
  3. Michael Albert, Robin Hahnel. Socialism today and tomorrow. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: South End Press, 1981. Pp. 25.
  4. Ian Adams. Political ideology today. Manchester England, UK: Manchester University Press, 1993. Pp. 201.
  5. Charles F. Andrain. Comparative political systems: policy performance and social change. Armonk, New York, USA: M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1994. Pp. 140.
  6. a b János Kornai. From socialism to capitalism: eight essays. Budapest, Hungary: Central European University Press, 2008. Pp. 54.

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