Banner o Cuba

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The banner o Cuba wis adoptit on Mey 20, 1902, containin a field wi three blue stripes an twa white stripes, an a reid equilateral triangle at the hoist wi a white 5-pointit starn. The banner o Cuba wis designed in 1848 for the liberation movement, which sought unthrildom frae Spain. The banner wis briefly hoistit in 1850 at Cardenas but wis no offeecially adoptit till 1902, when unthrildom wis grantit bi the Unitit States.

Flag of Cuba (constructios).svg

Birth o the banner[eedit | eedit soorce]

Banner o Yara, uised in the Cuban parliament.

The Cuban banner wis created bi Narciso Lopez, Miguel Teurbe Tolón , José Aniceto Iznaga Borrell, his nephew José Maria Sánchez Iznaga, Cirilo Villaverde y Juan Manuel Macías, an swore tae fecht tae the daith for Cuban Unthrildom frae Spain- "Historia de la isla de Cuba " - Page 77 bi Carlos Márquez Sterling, Manuel Márquez Sterling - History - 1975 - 392 pages. The Cuban banner's oreegins date frae Juin 1849, when various movements tae liberate Cuba frae Spainyie rule emerged, mainly amang Cuban exiles in the Unitit States. Anti-Spainyie Cuban exiles unner the leadership o Narciso López adoptit a banner suggestit bi the poet Miguel Teurbe Tolón. His design incorporates three blue stripes, representin the three pairts that the kintra wis dividit durin the unthrildom wars, central, occidental, an oriental auries o the kintra, an twa white stripes seembolisin the purity o the patriotic cause. The red triangle (triangle o masonic significance) staunds for the bluid shed tae free the naition, which is placed whaur the starn is, seembolisin the sky turned reid frae the bluid shed in battle. The white starn in the triangle staunds for unthrildom. López carried this banner in battle at Cárdenas (1850) an Playitas (1851). Awtho Lopez wis no victorious, this wis the first instance o the banner bein raised in Cuba.

At the first unthrildom war, the Ten Years' War, thare wis anither banner in uise, the "banner o Yara" an aa cried "banner o La Demajagua"; while the ane wi the triangle an the stripes became the offeecial Cuban banner, the Yara ane is hoistit "wherever the legislators o the Cuban fowk meet"; in parteecular it is displayed, alang wi the naitional banner, in the Naitional Assembly.

Subsequent uise o the banner[eedit | eedit soorce]

Banner flyin in rural Cuba.

In Aprile 1869, Narciso Lopez's banner wis designated the naitional banner bi the Congress o the Republic o Cuba in Airms. Lopez's banner wis the model for the banner o Puerto Rico adoptit in 1892 bi the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee, a pro-unthrildom group that wirked unner the auspices o Cuban Revolutionary Pairty.

Efter the Unitit States seized Cuba frae Spain durin the Spainyie-American War, the Starns an Stripes flew frae Januar 1, 1899, till unthrildom wis grantit. On Mey 20, 1902, the Cuban naitional banner wis hoistit as a seembol o unthrildom an sovereignty. It haes been uised iver syne, remainin unchynged efter the Cuban Revolution o 1959. Durin the revolution, Cuban preses Fidel Castro's 26t o Julie Movement creatit a pairty banner equally dividit in reid an black, uisually in horizontal stripes an aften wi inscriptions, which is aften flown on public buildings.

Symbolism in the Cuban flag[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Cuban govrenment's current, offeecial version o the meanin o the Cuban banner states that the blue stripes refer tae the three auld divisions o the island; an the twa white stripes represent the strength o the independent ideal. The reid triangle symbolizes equality, fraternity an freedom, as well as the bluid shed in the island's struggle for unthirldom. Finally, the white star is meant tae seembolise freedom.

The banner o Cuba an aa influenced the design o the Estelada banner o the Catalan independentism movement; the numerous Catalan residents in Cuba during the unthirldom process added a blue triangle wi a white star tae the naitional banner tae design a battle banner for the unthirldom movement in Catalonia.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Joan Crexell i Playà, L'origen de la bandera independentista, Edicions El Llamp, 1984.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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