Havana

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Havana
Ceety
La Habana
CollageHavana2.jpg
Clockwise: Capitolio Nacional, The Great Theatre, Havana Cathedral, Museum of the Revolution, and Old Havana skyline

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ceety o Columns
Havana is located in Cuba
Havana
Havana
Location in Cuba
Coordinates: 23°08′N 082°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383
Kintra Cuba
Province La Habana
Foondit 1515a
Ceety status 1592
Municipalities 15
Government
 • Type Mayor-cooncil
 • Mayor Marta Hernández (PCC)
Area
 • Total 728.26 km2 (281.18 sq mi)
Elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Population (2009) Offeecial Census[1]
 • Total 2,141,993
 • Density 2,932.3/km2 (7,595/sq mi)
Demonym habanero (m), habanera (f)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code 10xxx–19xxx
Area code(s) (+53) 7
Patron Saunts Saunt Christopher
a Foondit on the present steid in 1519.

Havana (Spainyie: Aboot this soond La Habana , IPA: [la aˈβana], offeecially Ciudad de La Habana,[2]) is the caipital ceety, major port, an leadin commercial centre o Cuba. The ceety is ane o the 14 Cuban provinces. The ceety/province haes 2.1 million inhabitants, the lairgest ceety in Cuba an the seicont lairgest in the Caribbean region, efter Santo Domingo.[3] The ceety extends maistly wastward an soothward frae the bay, which is entered through a narrow inlet an which divides intae three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa, an Atarés. The sluggish Almendares River traverses the ceety frae sooth tae north, enterin the Straits o Florida a few miles wast o the bay.

Keeng Philip II o Spain grantit Havana the title o Ceety in 1592 an a ryal decree in 1634 recognized its importance bi offeecially designatin it the "Key tae the New Warld an Rampart o the Wast Indies".[4] Havana's coat o airms carries this inscription. The Spaniards began biggin fortifications, an in 1553 they transferred the governor's residence tae Havana frae Santiago de Cuba on the eastren end o the island, thus makin Havana the de facto caipital. The importance o harbour fortifications wis early recognized as Inglis, French, an Dutch sea marauders attacked the ceety in the 16t century.[5] The sinkin o the U.S. battleship Maine in Havana's harbor in 1898 wis the immediate cause o the Spainyie-American War.[6]

Present day Havana is the center o the Cuban govrenment, an various meenistries an heidquarters o businesses are based there.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Havana is twinned wi:

   

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2009 Official Census". 
  2. (Spainyie) "Ciudad (con mayúscula) de La Habana, así se llama la provincia donde se encuentra ubicada la capital de Cuba.". Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-10. 
  3. (Inglis) Latin America Population - Havana city population.
  4. (Inglis) Capital city - capital of Spanish Cuba in 1552
  5. (Inglis) Old Havana
  6. (Inglis) Spanish-American War, Effects of the Press on Spanish-American Relations in 1898
  7. "Barcelona sister cities". W3.bcn.es. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  8. Beijing-International Sister Cities
  9. "Invitation for fraternization of Havana and Belgrade". Mfa.gov.rs. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  10. http://www.e-volutionperu.com. "Cusco Sister Cities". Municusco.gob.pe. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  11. City of Esfahan official website – Sister Cities[deid airtin]
  12. "Glasgow City Council – Twin cities of Glasgow". Glasgow.gov.uk. 2009-08-03. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  13. Erdem, Selim Efe (2003-11-03). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 2009-07-26. "49 sister cities in 2003" 
  14. "Hermanamientos y Acuerdos". www.munimadrid.es. February 2008. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  15. "Sister Cities of Manila". © 2008-2009 City Government of Manila. Retrieved 2009-07-02. 
  16. Sister Cities International (2007). "Cuba Directory". Archived from the original on 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2007-05-07. 
  17. Oaxaca Sister Cities – Relación de la ciudades hermanadas con la ciudad de Oaxaca
  18. Granma – En La Habana vicealcalde de la ciudad de Rotterdam[deid airtin] La delegación visitante hará la entrega oficial de una donación de implementos deportivos, en momentos en que se celebra el aniversario 25 de las relaciones entre ambas urbes
  19. "Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional Ties". Eng.gov.spb.ru. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  20. "Memoria Anual, Agosto 2002-Agosto 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  21. São Paulo's 40 Sister Cities
  22. http://web.archive.org/20090630135554/pcasevilla.wordpress.com/2008/10/15/nos-visito-el-poder-popular-de-ciudad-de-la-habana/
  23. "Tehran, Havana named sister cities". Payvand.com. Retrieved 2010-04-17. 
  24. New Monument to Tijuana's sister cities – Inaugura el alcalde Kurt Honold monumento dedicado a ciudades hermanas de Tijuana