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For ither uises, see Jamaica (disambiguation).
Banner o Jamaica
Coat o airms
Motto: "Out of Many, One People"
Location o Jamaica
Caipital Kingston
17°59′N 76°48′W / 17.983°N 76.800°W / 17.983; -76.800
Lairgest ceety capital
Offeecial leids Inglis
Naitional leid Jamaican Patois (de facto)
Ethnic groups (2011[1])
Demonym Jamaican
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar representative democracy unner constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Patrick Allen
Andrew Holness
Legislatur Pairlament
Hoose o Representatives
Independence frae the United Kingdom
• Grantit
6 August 1962
• Total
10,991 km2 (4,244 sq mi) (160th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
2,881,355[3] (139t)
• Density
268/km2 (694.1/sq mi) (49t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$26.446 billion[4] (2017)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$14.556 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2004) 45.5[5]
medium · 84t[6]
HDI (2014) Increase 0.719[7]
heich · 99t
Currency Jamaican dollar (JMD)
Time zone UTC-5
Drivin side caur
Cawin code +1-876
+1-658 (Owerlay o 876; active in November 2018)
ISO 3166 code JM
Internet TLD .jm

Jamaica (pronounced /dʒəˈmeɪkə/ (deprecatit template)) is an island naition o the Greater Antilles, 234 kilometres (145 mi) in lenth an as muckle as 80 kilometres (50 mi) in width, an amoonts tae 10,990 square kilometres (4,243 sq mi). It is situatit in the Caribbean Sea, aboot 145 kilometres (90 mi) sooth o Cuba, an 191 kilometres (119 mi) wast o Hispaniola, the island harborin the naition-states Haiti an the Dominican Republic. Its indigenous Arawakan-speakin Taíno indwallers named the island Xaymaca, meanin the "Land o Wood an Water", or the "Land o Springs".[8]

Ance a Spainyie possession kent as Santiago, in 1655 it became an Inglis, an later a Breetish, colony, kent as "Jamaica". It achievit fou unthirldom in 1962. Wi 2.8 million fowk, it is the third maist populous anglophone kintra in Americas, efter the Unitit States an Canadae. It remains a Commonweel realm wi Queen Elizabeth II as heid o state an Kingston is the kintra's lairgest ceety an the caipital.[9][10]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The CIA World Factbook – Jamaica. Retrieved 2015-09-16.
  2. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-09-25. 
  3. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Jamaica". International Monetary Fund. 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  5. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  6. "Country Comparison: Distribution 0f Family Income – Gini Index". World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 8 February 2016. 
  7. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  8. "Taíno Dictionary" (in Spanish). The United Confederation of Taíno People. Archived frae the oreeginal on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-18. 
  9. "Jamaica country profile". BBC News. May 26, 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010. 
  10. "Jamaica - Largest Cities". GeoNames. Retrieved 11 October 2010.