Jump to content


Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Auncient names: Spahān, Aspadana
Persie transcription(s)
Nesf-e Jahān (Hauf o the warld)
Isfahan is located in Iran
Isfahan in Iran
Coordinates: 32°38′N 51°39′E / 32.633°N 51.650°E / 32.633; 51.650Coordinates: 32°38′N 51°39′E / 32.633°N 51.650°E / 32.633; 51.650
 • MayorGhodratollah Norouzi
 • Ceety CooncilChairperson Fathollah Moein
 • Urban
551 km2 (213 sq mi)
1574 m (5217 ft)
 (2016 census)
 • Urban
 • Population Rank in Iran
 Population Data from 2016 Census[2]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT 21 March – 20 September)
Area code(s)031

Isfahan or Sepahan (Persie: اصفهانEsfahān), historically rendered in English as Ispahan or Hispahan, is a city located about 340 km south of Tehran and is the capital of Isfahan Province and Iran's third largest city (after Tehran and Mashhad). Isfahan ceety haed a population o 1,583,609 an the Isfahan metropolitan aurie haed a population o 3,430,353 in the 2006 Census, the seicont maist populous metropolitan aurie in Iran efter Tehran.[3]

The ceeties o Najafabad, Si-deh (Homayounshahr (renamed Khomeinishahr syne 1981), Khan Isfahan, Shahin-shahr, Zarrinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan an Fouladshahr aw constitute the metropolitan ceety o Isfahan.

Isfahan is locatit on the main north-sooth an east-wast routes crossin Iran, an wis ance ane o the lairgest ceeties in the warld. It flourished frae 1050 tae 1722, parteecularly in the 16t century unner the Safavid dynasty, when it became the caipital o Persie for the seicont time in its history. Even the day, the ceety retains muckle o its past glory. It is famous for its Islamic architecture, wi mony bonnie boulevards, covered brigs, pailaces, mosques, an minarets. This led tae the Persian proverb "'Esfahān nesf-e jahān ast" (Isfahan is hauf o the warld).[4]

The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is ane o the biggest ceety squares in the warld an an ootstaundin ensaumple o Iranian an Islamic architecture. It haes been designatit bi UNESCO as a Warld Heritage Site. The ceety an aa haes a wide variety o historic monuments.

Twin towns — Sister cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Isfahan is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://www.daftlogic.com/downloads/kml/10102015-9mzrdauu.kml[deid airtin]
  2. "تعداد جمعیت و خانوار به تفکیک تقسیمات کشوری براساس سرشماری عمومی نفوس و مسکن سال ۱۳۹۵". Statistical Center of Iran.
  3. 2006 Census Results and Mashhad(Statistical Center of Iran, Excel file, in Persian.)
  4. "Isfahan Is Half The World" Archived 2008-02-16 at the Wayback Machine, Saudi Aramco World, Volume 13, Nr. 1, January 1962
  5. "Sister Cities of Istanbul". Archived frae the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 1 Julie 2009.
  6. Erdem, Selim Efe (1 Julie 2009). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 26 Julie 2009. 49 sister cities in 2003
  7. "Isfahan, Beirut named sister cities". MNA. Archived frae the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2 Mey 2007. Cite has empty unkent parameters: |month= and |coauthors= (help)
  8. "Sisterhoods". Isfahan Islamic Council. 2005. Archived frae the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2007.
  9. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Catalan). © 2006-2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Archived frae the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 13 Julie 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  10. "Yerevan Municipality - Sister Cities". © 2005-2009 Yerevan.am. Archived frae the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 22 Juin 2009. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  11. "Saint Petersburg in figures - International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Archived frae the original on 24 Februar 2009. Retrieved 14 Julie 2008.