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Isfahan or Sepahan (Persie: اصفهان Esfahān), historically an aa rendered in Inglis as Ispahan or Hispahan, is a ceety locatit aboot 340 km sooth o Tehran an is the caipital o Isfahan Province an Iran's third lairgest ceety (efter Tehran an Mashhad). Isfahan ceety haed a population o 1,583,609 an the Isfahan metropolitan aurie haed a population o 3,430,353 in the 2006 Census, the seicont maist populous metropolitan aurie in Iran efter Tehran.[1]

The ceeties o Najafabad, Si-deh (Homayounshahr (renamed Khomeinishahr syne 1981), Khan Isfahan, Shahin-shahr, Zarrinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan an Fouladshahr aw constitute the metropolitan ceety o Isfahan.

Isfahan is locatit on the main north-sooth an east-wast routes crossin Iran, an wis ance ane o the lairgest ceeties in the warld. It flourished frae 1050 tae 1722, particularly in the 16t century unner the Safavid dynasty, when it became the caipital o Persie for the seicont time in its history. Even the day, the ceety retains muckle o its past glory. It is famous for its Islamic architecture, wi mony bonnie boulevards, covered brigs, palaces, mosques, an minarets. This led tae the Persian proverb "'Esfahān nesf-e jahān ast" (Isfahan is hauf o the warld).[2]

The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is ane o the biggest ceety squares in the warld an an ootstaundin example o Iranian an Islamic architecture. It haes been designatit bi UNESCO as a Warld Heritage Site. The ceety an aa haes a wide variety o historic monuments.

Twin towns — Sister cities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Isfahan is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 2006 Census Results and Mashhad(Statistical Center of Iran, Excel file, in Persian.)
  2. "Isfahan Is Half The World", Saudi Aramco World, Volume 13, Nr. 1, January 1962
  3. "Sister Cities of Istanbul". Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  4. Erdem, Selim Efe (2009-07-01). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). Radikal. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 49 sister cities in 2003 
  5. "Isfahan, Beirut named sister cities". MNA. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  6. "Sisterhoods". Isfahan Islamic Council. 2005. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2007-12-04. 
  7. "Barcelona internacional - Ciutats agermanades" (in Catalan). © 2006-2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 2009-07-13.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  8. "Yerevan Municipality - Sister Cities". © 2005-2009 Retrieved 2009-06-22.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  9. "Saint Petersburg in figures - International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Retrieved 2008-07-14. 

Coordinates: 32°39′05″N 51°40′45″E / 32.6514°N 51.6792°E / 32.6514; 51.6792