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Comune di Venezia
A collage o Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, follaeed bi a view o the ceety, then the Grand Canal, an (smallwer) the interior o La Fenice an feenally the Island o San Giorgio Maggiore
A collage o Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, follaeed bi a view o the ceety, then the Grand Canal, an (smallwer) the interior o La Fenice an feenally the Island o San Giorgio Maggiore
Coat o airms o Venice
Coat o airms
Venice is locatit in Italy
Location o Venice in Italy
Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750°N 12.33583°E / 45.43750; 12.33583Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750°N 12.33583°E / 45.43750; 12.33583
Kintra Italy
Region Veneto
Province Venice (VE)
Frazioni Chirignago, Favaro Veneto, Mestre, Marghera, Murano, Burano, Giudecca, Lido, Zelarino
 • Mayor Luigi Brugnaro
 • Total 414.57 km2 (160.07 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2009-04-30)
 • Tot 270,660
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Venetians
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Simmer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 30100
Dialin code 041
Patron saunt St. Mark the Evangelist
Saunt day 25 Aprile
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid
Venice and its Lagoon
Venezia, Venesia
Venice in spring, with the Rialto Bridge in the background.
UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid
Location Venetian Province, Province of Venice, Province o Venice, Metropolitan City of Venice, Italy Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 45°26′23″N 12°19′55″E / 45.4397°N 12.3319°E / 45.4397; 12.3319
Aurie 415.9 km2 (4.477×109 sq ft)
Criteria Cultural: i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi
Reference 394
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)
Venice is locatit in Italy
Location o Venice

Venice (Italian: Venezia [veˈnɛttsja] ( listen), Venetian: Venesia) is a ceety in northren Italy kent baith for tourism an for industry, an is the caipital o the region Veneto, wi a population o aboot 272,000 (census estimate 1 Januar 2004). Thegither wi Padua, the ceety is includit in the Padua-Venice Metropolitan Aurie (population 1,600,000).

The name is derived frae the auncient tribe o Veneti that inhabitit the region in Roman times.[1][2] The ceety historically wis the caipital o an independent ceety-state. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen o the Adriatic", "Ceety o Water", "Ceety o Masks", "Ceety o Brigs", "The Floatin Ceety", an "Ceety o Canals". Luigi Barzini, writin in The New York Times, described it as "undoubtedly the maist bonnie ceety built bi man".[3] Venice haes an aa been described bi the Times Online as bein ane o Europe's maist romantic ceeties.[4]

The ceety stretches athort 117 sma islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon alang the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy. The saltwater lagoon stretches alang the shoreline atween the mooths o the Po (sooth) an the Piave (north) Rivers. The population estimate o 272,000 inhabitants includes the population o the hale Comune o Venezie; aroond 60,000[5] in the historic ceety o Venice (Centro storico); 176,000 in Terraferma (the Mainland), maistly in the lairge frazioni o Mestre an Marghera; an 31,000 live on ither islands in the lagoon.

The Republic o Venice wis a major maritime pouer durin the Middle Ages an Renaissance, an a stagin aurie for the Crusades an the Battle o Lepanto, as well as a vera important centre o commerce (especially silk, grain an spice tred) an airt in the 13t century up tae the end o the 17t century. This made Venice a wealthy ceety throughoot maist o its history. It is an aa kent for its several important airtistic movements, especially the Renaissance period. Venice haes played an important role in the history o symphonic an operatic muisic, an it is the birthplace o Antonio Vivaldi.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  2. Richard Stephen Charnock (1859). Local etymology: a derivative dictionary of geographical names. Houlston and Wright. p. 288. 
  3. Barzini, Luigi (30 May 1982). "The Most Beautiful and Wonderful City In The World - The". New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2009. 
  4. Bleach, Stephen; Schofield, Brian; Crump, Vincent (17 June 2007). "Europes most romantic city breaks". The Times. London. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  5. Mara Rumiz, Venice Demographics Official Mock funeral for Venice's 'death'