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Comune di Venezia
A collage o Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, follaeed bi a view o the ceety, then the Grand Canal, an (smallwer) the interior o La Fenice an feenally the Island o San Giorgio Maggiore
A collage o Venice: at the top left is the Piazza San Marco, follaeed bi a view o the ceety, then the Grand Canal, an (smallwer) the interior o La Fenice an feenally the Island o San Giorgio Maggiore
Venice is located in Italy
Location of Venice in Italy
Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750°N 12.33583°E / 45.43750; 12.33583Coordinates: 45°26′15″N 12°20′9″E / 45.43750°N 12.33583°E / 45.43750; 12.33583
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province / Metropolitan ceety Venice (VE)
Frazioni Chirignago, Favaro Veneto, Mestre, Marghera, Murano, Burano, Giudecca, Lido, Zelarino
 • Mayor Luigi Brugnaro
 • Tot 414.57 km2 (160.07 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2009-04-30)
 • Tot 270,660
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Venetians
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 30100
Dialin code 041
Patron saint St. Mark the Evangelist
Saint day 25 Aprile
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid
UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid
Venice and its Lagoon
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Venice in spring, with the Rialto Bridge in the background.
Teep Cultural
Criterie i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi
Reference 394
UNESCO region Europe an North Americae
Inscription history
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)

Venice (Italian: Venezia [veˈnɛttsja] ( listen), Venetian: Venesia) is a ceety in northren Italy kent baith for tourism an for industry, an is the caipital o the region Veneto, wi a population o aboot 272,000 (census estimate 1 Januar 2004). Thegither wi Padua, the ceety is includit in the Padua-Venice Metropolitan Aurie (population 1,600,000).

The name is derived frae the auncient tribe o Veneti that inhabitit the region in Roman times.[1][2] The ceety historically wis the caipital o an independent ceety-state. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen o the Adriatic", "Ceety o Water", "Ceety o Masks", "Ceety o Brigs", "The Floatin Ceety", an "Ceety o Canals". Luigi Barzini, writin in The New York Times, described it as "undoubtedly the maist bonnie ceety built bi man".[3] Venice haes an aa been described bi the Times Online as being ane o Europe's maist romantic ceeties.[4]

The ceety stretches athort 117 sma islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon alang the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy. The saltwater lagoon stretches alang the shoreline atween the mouths o the Po (sooth) an the Piave (north) Rivers. The population estimate o 272,000 inhabitants includes the population o the whole Comune o Venezie; aroond 60,000[5] in the historic ceety o Venice (Centro storico); 176,000 in Terraferma (the Mainland), maistly in the lairge frazioni o Mestre an Marghera; an 31,000 live on ither islands in the lagoon.

The Republic o Venice wis a major maritime pouer durin the Middle Ages an Renaissance, an a stagin aurie for the Crusades an the Battle o Lepanto, as well as a vera important center o commerce (especially silk, grain an spice trade) and art in the 13t century up to the end of the 17th century. This made Venice a wealthy ceety throughoot maist o its history. It is an aa kent for its several important airtistic movements, especially the Renaissance period. Venice haes played an important role in the history o symphonic an operatic muisic, an it is the birthplace o Antonio Vivaldi.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 2010-06-11. 
  2. Richard Stephen Charnock (1859). Local etymology: a derivative dictionary of geographical names. Houlston and Wright. p. 288. 
  3. Barzini, Luigi (30 Mey 1982). "The Most Beautiful and Wonderful City In The World - The". New York Times. Retrieved 28 Mairch 2009. 
  4. Bleach, Stephen; Schofield, Brian; Crump, Vincent (17 Juin 2007). "Europes most romantic city breaks". The Times. London. Retrieved 27 Mey 2010. 
  5. Mara Rumiz, Venice Demographics Official Mock funeral for Venice's 'death'