Italian leid

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Italian
Italiano, Lingua italiana
Pronunciation [itaˈljaːno]
Native tae Italy, Swisserland, San Marino, Vatican Ceety, Istrie Coonty (Croatie) an Slovene Istrie (Slovenie)
Region Italy, Ticino an soothren Graubünden, Slovene Littoral an wastren Istrie
Native speakers
69 million native speakers in the EU[1] (c.2012)[2]
90 million total speakers
L2 speakers: 24 million
Laitin (Italian alphabet)
Italian Braille
Italiano segnato "(Signed Italian)"[3]
italiano segnato esatto "(Signed Exact Italian)"[4]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in

 Italy
 San Marino
 Switzerland
 Vatican City


 Istrie Coonty (Croatie)
Slovenie Slovene Istrie (Slovenie)
 Brazil (Talian dialect in Rio Grande do Sul & Santa Catarina)[5]


 European Union
OSCE logo.svg OSCE
 Sovereign Militar Order o Malta


Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit bi Accademia della Crusca (de facto)
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 it
ISO 639-2 ita
ISO 639-3 ita
Glottolog ital1282[10]
Linguasphere 51-AAA-q
Map Italophone World.png
  Main leid
  Used offeecially in the Italian colonial period; nou seicontary
  Lairge Italian-speakin commonties
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.
Whaur Italian is spoken in Europe.

Italian is a leid spoken bi aboot 70 million fowk, maistly fowk frae Italy, frae whaur it gets its name. It is an ofeecial leid in Italy, San Marino, Vatican Ceety, Swisserland an in some ceeties o Slovenie an Croatie. It is uised in some pairts o Monaco, Maltae, Albanie, Dodecaneso (Greece), Eritrea, Libie, Ethiopie, Somalie, Tunisie, Slovenie, Croatie an some ither places an aw.

It is maistly derived frae Laitin, wi some wirds frae Greek, Etruscan an ithergates. It is cried an inflectit leid - that means that the meanin o wirds can be chynged bi chyngin their endins. Italian noons is aither masculine or feminine (thir's grammatical terms, for ordinar anerly indirect adae dae wi gender).

Maist singular masculine noons ends in -o, an maist plural masculine noons ends in -i.

Maist singular feminine noons ends in -a, an maist plural feminine noons ends in -e.

Sae - gatto = male cat, gatta = female cat, gatti = male cats, gatte = female cats

The endin o verbs is awfu complicate, acause they lippen on the tense o the verb (past, praisent, futur an sae on) an on the person o the verb (A, ye , thay etc).

Frae that - parlo = A speak, parliamo = we speak, parlava = he wis speakin, parlarono = thay spak, parlerò = A will speak, parliamo = lat's speak!

There's gey mony o thir endins tae learn - it is a difficult pairt o Italian. But soondin is semple - there's anerly a puckle rules tae learn, an haurdly ony difficult soonds.

Mony Italian wirds haes entered the Scots language. Pizza, spaghetti an ravioli is juist some o the fuid wirds that we uise. Mony technical wirds in muisic is Italian, sic as forte an allegro. Mony muisical instruments' names air Italian an aw, sic as cello an tuba. Frae the daurker side o Italian life we get Mafia an vendetta.

Ither wabsites[eedit | eedit soorce]

See Forby[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Eurobarometer – Europeans and their languages" (PDF).  (485 KB), February 2006
  2. Italian at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. "Centro documentazione per l'integrazione". Cdila.it. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  4. "Centro documentazione per l'integrazione". Cdila.it. Retrieved 2015-10-22. 
  5. Aprovado projeto que declara o Talian como patrimônio do RS Archived 27 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine., accessed oan 21 August 2011
  6. Lewis, Simons & Fennig 2014.
  7. Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2005, "Language other than English" (spreadsheet of figures from 2001 Census)
  8. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_243_en.pdf
  9. Bernasconi, Giulia (2012). "L'ITALIANO IN VENEZUELA". Italiano LinguaDue (in Italian). Università degli Studi di Milano (2): 20. doi:10.13130/2037-3597/1921. Retrieved 22 Januar 2017. L'italiano come lingua acquisita o riacquisita è largamente diffuso in Venezuela: recenti studi stimano circa 200.000 studenti di italiano nel Paese 
  10. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Italian". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.