Jump to content

Italo-Dalmatian leids

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Central Romance languages
Lingueestic clessificationIndo-European

The Italo-Dalmatian leids, or Central Romance leids, are a group o Romance leids uised in Italy, Corsica (Fraunce), an wis uised afore in Dalmatia (Croatie).

Italo-Dalmatian can be spleet intae:[2]

  • Italo-Romance, thit includes maist central an sooth Italian leids.
  • Dalmatian Romance, thit includes Dalmatian an Istriot.

On the hale, fower branches o the Romance leids thit are acceptit are Wast Romance, Italo-Dalmatian, Sardinian an East Romance. Tho are ur ither ways thit the Italo-Dalmation leids can be pit intae in thir branches:

  • Italo-Dalmatian is sometimes includit in East Romance (thit includes Romanian), leadin tae: Wast, Sardinian, an East branches.
  • Italo-Dalmatian is sometimes includit in Wast Romance (thit includes the Gallic an Iberian leids) as Italo-Wastren, leadin tae: Italo-Western, Sardinian, an Eastern brainches.
  • Italo-Romance is sometimes includit in Italo-Wastren, wi Dalmatian Romance pit intae East Romance, leadin tae: Italo-Wastren, Sardinian, an Eastern brainches.
  • Corsican (frae Italo-Dalmatian) an Sardinian are sometimes pit thegither as Sooth Romance, or Island Romance, leadin tae: Wast, Italo-Dalmatian, Sooth, an East branches.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Based on criteria on mutual intelligibility, Dalby lists fower leid: Italian (Tuscan an Central Italian), Corsican, NeapolitanSicilian, an Dalmatian.[3]

Dalmatian Romance[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • The Dalmatian leid wis uised in the Dalmatia, in Croatie. It went extinct in the 19t yearhunner.
  • The Istriot leid is a moribund variety uised in the southwast pairt o the Istrian peninsula, in Croatie.

Venetian[eedit | eedit soorce]

Venetian varieties

The Venetian leid is sometimes eikit ontae Italo-Dalmatian whan no taen ontae Gallo-Italic, an than for common pit thegither wi Istriot. Hounaiver, Venetian isnae pit thegither wi the Italo-Dalmatian leids bi Ethnologue[4] an Glottolog,[5] unlike Istriot.[6][7]

Tuscan[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Tuscan varieties.
  • Tuscan-Corsican: group o byleids uised in Tuscany, an the Frainch island Corsica.
    • North Tuscan byleids:
      • Florentine is uised in Florence, an wis the steid for Standard Italian.
      • Ither byleids: Pistoiese; Pesciatino or Valdinievolese; Lucchese; Versiliese; Viareggino; Pisano-Livornese.
    • Sooth Tuscan byleids:
      • Byleids in Aretino-Chianaiolo, Senese, Grossetano.
    • Corsican, uised on Corsica, is thoucht tae hivm come frae Tuscan.[8]
      • Gallurese an Sassarese, uised on the north tip o Sardinia, can be seen as aither a byleid of Corsican or Corso-Sardinian transitional varieties.

Italian[eedit | eedit soorce]

Italian is an offeecial leid in Italy, Swisserland, San Marino, Vatican Ceety an wast Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia). It uised tae hiv offeecial status in Albanie, Maltae an Monaco, whaur it is still uised abreed, as weel as in the umwhile Italian East Africa an Italian North Africa regions whaur it plays a muckle role in sindry sectors. Italian is uised bi muckle expatriate communities in the Americas an Australie an aw. The Italian leid wis at first based in Florentine: fae that pynt, it haes seen muckle influence fae awmaist aw the regional leids in Italy while its received pronunciation (kent as Pronuncia Fiorentina Emendata, Amended Florentine Pronunciation) is based on the tuin fae the Roman byleid; these are the reasons how Italian is muckle different frae Tuscan an its Florentine variety.[9]

Central Italian[eedit | eedit soorce]

Central Italian byleids

Central Italian, or Latin-Umbrian-Marchegian an "mids Italian byleids" in Italian linguistics, is mainly uised in: Lazio (includin Rome); Umbrie; central Marche; a smaw pairt o Abruzzo an Tuscany.

Neapolitan[eedit | eedit soorce]

Neapolitan byleids

The Neapolitan leid, or "intermediate sooth byleid group" in Italian linguistics, is uised in: sooth Marche; soothmaist Lazio; Abruzzo; Molise; Campania (includin Naples); Basilicata; an the north o baith Apulia an Calabria.

Sicilian[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sicilian dialects
  • The Sicilian leid, or "extreme sooth byleid group" in Italian linguistics, is uised on the island o Sicily; an in the sooth o baith Calabrie an Apulia; as weel as in Cilento, in the soothemaist pairt o Campanie.
    • Sicilian proper, uised on the island o Sicily: Wast Sicilian; Central Metafonetica; Sootheast Metafonetica; Ennese; Eastern Nonmetafonetica; Messinese.
    • Sicilian byleids on ither islands: Isole Eolie, on the Aeolian Islands; Pantesco, on the island o Pantelleria.
    • Calabro, or Central-Sooth Calabrian:[11] byleids are uised in the central an sooth pairts o Calabrie.
    • Salentino, uised in the Salento pairt o sooth Apulia.
    • Sooth Cilentan: uised in Roccagloriosa an Rofrano in soothmaist tip o Cilento, in the sooth pairt o the Province of Salerno, in the Campanie pairt.
    • Cilentan: uised in Cilento, influenced bi baith the Neapolitan an Sicilian leids.

As weel as that, some Gallo-Italic leidss are uised in Central-Sooth Italy.

Judeo-Italian[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Judeo-Italian leids are varieties o Italian used bi Jewish communities, atweesh the 10t an 20t yearhunners, in Italy an Greece (Corfu an Zakinthos).

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Italo-Dalmatian". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  2. Hammarström, Harald & Forkel, Robert & Haspelmath, Martin & Nordhoff, Sebastian. 2014. "Italo-Dalmatian" Glottolog 2.3. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (in Inglis)
  3. David Dalby, 1999/2000, The Linguasphere register of the world's languages and speech communities. (in Inglis) Observatoire Linguistique, Linguasphere Press. Volume 2. Oxford.[1][deid airtin][2] Archived 2017-10-11 at the Wayback Machine[3] Archived 2014-08-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Venetian". Ethnologue.
  5. "Venetian". Glottolog.
  6. "Istriot". Ethnologue.
  7. "Istriot". Glottolog.
  8. Harris, Martin; Vincent, Nigel (1997). Romance Languages. London: Routlegde. ISBN 0-415-16417-6.
  9. La pronuncia italiana (Italian). treccani.it
  10. Pellegrini G., Carta dei dialetti d'Italia, CNR - Pacini ed., Pisa, 1977
  11. a b Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named calabrian