Bogotá

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Bogotá
Caipital Destrict
Bogotá Distrito Capital
Dountoun Bogota

Flag

Seal
Motto: Bogotá, 2600 metros más cerca de las estrellas
Bogotá, 2600 meters closer tae the starn
Bogotá is located in Colombia
Bogotá
Bogotá
Location in Colombie
Coordinates: 4°35′53″N 74°4′33″W / 4.59806°N 74.07583°W / 4.59806; -74.07583
Kintra Colombie
Depairtment Flag of Bogotá.svg Distrito Capital
Foondation 6 August 1538 (traditional)[1]
Founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
Government
 • Mayor Gustavo Petro Urrego
Area
 • Caipital Destrict 1,587 km2 (613 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 2,625 m (8,612 ft)
Population (2011 estimate)[3]
 • Caipital Destrict 8.958.234
 • Rank Rankit 1st
 • Density 5,644.7/km2 (14,620/sq mi)
 • Metro 10.125.328
Demonym Bogotano
HDI (2011) 0.904 very high<[4]
Website Ceety Offeecial Steid
Mayor Official Site
Bogotá Tourism

Bogotá, Distrito Capital (Spainyie pronunciation: [boɣoˈta] ( listen)), umwhile cried Santa Fé de Bogotá, is the caipital ceety o Colombie, as well as the maist populous ceety in the kintra, wi an estimatit 7,304,384 inhabitants as o 2009. Bogotá an its metropolitan aurie, which includes municipalities such as Chía, Cota, Soacha, Cajicá an La Calera, haed an estimatit population o 8,566,926 in 2009. In terms o land aurie, Bogotá is the lairgest ceety in Colombie, ane o the biggest o Latin Americae, figures in the 30t lairgest ceeties in the warld, an its altitude (2,640 metres) makes it the third-heichest caipital ceety in the warld, efter La Paz an Quito. Wi its mony universities an libraries, Bogotá haes become kent as "The Athens o Sooth Americae". Bogotá awns the biggest moorland in the warld, it is locatit in the Sumapaz Locality.

Seembols[eedit | eedit soorce]

The banner oreeginatit wi the insurgency movement against the colonial authorities which began on 20 Julie 1810, durin which the rebels wore airmbaunds wi yellae an red baunds, as these colours wur those o the Spainyie banner uised as the banner for the New Kinrick o Granada.

In 9 October 1952, exactly 142 years efter these events, decree 555 o 1952 offeecially adoptit the patriotic airmbaund as the banner o Bogotá.[5] The banner o Cundinamarca follaes the same pattern, plus a licht blue tile which represents the Virgin Mary's cape.

The banner itsel is a yellae baund abuin a red ane. The yellae denotes the gowd frae the earth, as well as the virtues o justice, clemency, benevolence, the so-cawed "mundane qualities" (defined as nobility, excellence, richness, generosity, splendour, health, steadfastness, joy an prosperity), lang life, eternity, pouer an constancy. The red denotes the virtue o charity, as well as the qualities o bravery, nobility, values, audacity, victory, honour an furor, Colombians call it the blood o their fowk.

The coat o airms o the ceety wis grantit bi emperor Charles V (Charles I o Spain) tae the New Kinrick o Granada, bi royal decree given in Valladolid, Spain on Dicember 3, 1548. It contains a black eagle in the center, which seembolises steadfastness. The eagle is an aa a symbol o the Habsburgs, which wis the rulin family o the Spainyie empire at the time. The eagle is crouned wi gold an holds a red pomegranate inside a golden backgrund. The border contains olive branches wi nine golden pomegranates on a blue background. The twa red pomegranates seembolize audacity, an the nine golden oanes represent the nine states which constitutit the New Kinrick o Granada at the time. In 1932 the coat o airms wis offeecially recognized an adoptit as the seembol o Bogotá.

Bogotá's anthem leerics wur written bi Pedro Medina Avendaño; the melody wis composed bi Roberto Pineda Duque. The sang wis offeecially declared the anthem bi decree 1000 o Julie 31, 1974, bi then Mayor o Bogotá, Aníbal Fernandez de Soto.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aa: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Sooth Americae

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bogotá is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Henderson, James D.; Delpar, Helen; Brungardt, Maurice Philip; Richard N. Weldon (2000). A reference guide to Latin American history. M.E. Sharpe. p. 61. ISBN 978-1-56324-744-6. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  2. "Bogotá una ciudad Andina" (in Spanish). la Alcaldía Mayor de Bogotá. Retrieved 2010-11-19. 
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2005_Census
  4. http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anexo:Departamentos_de_Colombia_por_IDH
  5. "Simbolos de Bogotá" (in Spanish). Alcaldía Mayor de Bogota. 2007. Retrieved 29 December 2008. [deid airtin]
  6. Madrid city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Retrieved 2009-07-22. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]