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Comune di Milano
Banner o Milan
Coat of airms o Milan
Coat airms
The Moral Caipital o Italy[1]
Milan is located in Italy
Location o Milan in Italy
Coordinates: 45°27′51″N 09°11′25″E / 45.46417°N 9.19028°E / 45.46417; 9.19028Coordinates: 45°27′51″N 09°11′25″E / 45.46417°N 9.19028°E / 45.46417; 9.19028
ProvinceMilan (MI)
Settled bi Celtsas Mediolanum c. 396 BC
 • MayorGiuseppe Sala
(Independent – Centre-left)
 • Total181.76 km2 (70.18 sq mi)
120 m (390 ft)
 (Februar 2015)[2]
 • Total
  • Ceety 1,338,264
  • Metro 3,198,031
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
20100, 20121-20162
Diallin code02
Patron sauntAmbrose
Saunt day7 December
WebsiteOffeecial wabsteid

Milan (Lombard pronunciation: [miˈlãː]; Italian: Milano, [miˈlaːno] ( listen)) is a ceety in Italy an the caipital o the region o Lombardy an o the province o Milan. The ceety proper haes a population o aboot 1,315,000, while the urban aurie is the lairgest in Italy an the fift lairgest in the European Union wi a population o 4,345,000 ower an aurie o 2,370 km2 (915 sq mi).[3] The Milan metropolitan aurie, bi far the lairgest in Italy, is estimatit bi the OECD tae hae a population o 7,400,000.[4]

The ceety wis foondit unner the name o Medhlan,[5] bi the Insubres, Celtic fowk. It wis later captured bi the Romans in 222 BC, an the ceety became vera successfu unner the Roman Empire. Later Milan wis ruled bi the Visconti, the Sforza, the Spaingie in the 16t century an the Austricks in the 18t century. In 1796, Milan wis conquered bi Napoleon I an he made it the caipital o his Kinrick o Italy in 1805.[1][6] Durin the Romantic period, Milan wis a major cultural centre in Europe, attractin several airtists, composers an important literary figures. Later, durin Warld War II, the ceety wis badly affectit bi Allied bombins, an efter German occupation in 1943, Milan became the main hub o the Italian resistance.[1] Despite this, Milan saw a post-war economic growthe, attractin thoosans of immigrants frae Soothren Italy an abroad.[1]

An internaitional an cosmopolitan ceety, 15.2% o Milan's population is foreign born.[7] The ceety remains ane o Europe's main transportation[8] an industrial hubs, an Milan is the EU's 10t maist important centre for business an finance (2009)[9] wi its economy (see economy o Milan) bein the warld's 26t richest bi purchasin pouer,.[10] The Milan metropolitan aurie haes Europe's 7t GDP in 2008.[11] The province o Milan (which increasinly is becomin a single administrative urban unit tae supersede the leemitit commune) haed a GDP pp per caipita o aroond €40,000 in 2007 (161% o the EU 27 average) which wis the heichest o ony Italian province [12] (Il Sole 24 Ore Quality of life survey 2008) an the ceety's wirkers hae the heichest average income rates in Italy,[12] an 26t in the warld.[13] In addition, Milan is the warld's 11t maist expensive ceety for expatriate employees,[14] an accordin tae a 2010 study bi the Economist Intelligence Unit, the ceety is the warld's 12t maist expensive tae live in.[15] Its economic environment haes made it, accordin tae several studies, the warld's 20t an Europe's 10t tap business an financial centre,[16][17] haein been heichly successfu in terms of ceety branding.[18]

Milan is recognised as a warld fashion an design caipital, wi a major global influence in commerce, industry, muisic, sport, literature, airt an media, makin it ane o GaWC's major Alpha warld ceeties.[19] The Lombard metropolis is especially famous for its fashion hooses an shops (sic as alang Via Monte Napoleone) an the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele in the Piazza Duomo (reputit tae be the warld's auldest shoppin mall). The ceety haes a rich cultural heritage an legacy, a vibrant nichtlife,[20][21] an haes a unique cuisine; it is hame tae numerous famous dishes, sic as the Panettone Christmas cake an the risotto alla Milanese. The ceety haes a parteecularly famous muisical, parteecularly operatic, tradeetion, bein the hame o several important composers (sic as Giuseppe Verdi) an theatres (sic as the Teatro alla Scala). Milan is an aa well-kent for containin several important museums, varsities, academies, pailaces, kirks an libraries (sic as the Academy o Brera an the Castello Sforzesco) an twa renowned fitbaa teams: A.C. Milan an F.C. Internazionale Milano. This maks Milan the 52nt Europe's tourist destination, wi ower 1.914 million foreign arrivals tae the ceety in 2008.[22]

Inhabitants o Milan are referred tae as "Milanese" (Italian: [Milanesi] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help) or informally [Meneghini] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help) or [Ambrosiani] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)). The ceety is nicknamed bi Milan's indwallers the "moral caipital o Italy".[1]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Milan haes fifteen offeecial sister ceeties as reportit on the ceety's wabsteid.[23] The date column indicates the year in which the relationship wis established. São Paulo wis Milan's first sister ceety.

Ceety Kintra Date
São Paulo  Brazil 1961
Chicago  Unitit States 1962
Saunt Petersburg  Roushie 1967
Lyon  Fraunce 1967
Frankfurt  Germany 1969
Birmingham  Unitit Kinrick 1974
Dakar  Senegal 1974
Shanghai  Cheenae 1979
Osaka  Japan 1981
Tel Aviv  Israel 1997
Bethlehem  Palestine 2000
Toronto  Canadae 2003
Krakow  Poland 2003
Melbourne  Australie 2004
Guadalajara  Mexico 2008

Ither forms o cooperation, pairtnership an ceety friendship[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d e Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. "Milan (Italy) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Retrieved 3 Januar 2010.
  2. "Istat official population estimates". Archived frae the original on 2018-10-01. Retrieved June 2015. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. "Demographia: World Urban Areas" (PDF). Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  4. OECD. "Competitive Cities in the Global Economy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 14 Juin 2007. Retrieved 30 Apryle 2009.
  5. "The History of Milan – Relazioni Internazionali – Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore". Archived frae the original on 8 November 2009. Retrieved 14 Januar 2010.
  6. "Milan Travel Guide". Retrieved 4 Januar 2010.
  7. "Official ISTAT estimates". Archived frae the original on 11 November 2019. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  8. "Milan, Italy – Milan Travel Guide". Retrieved 3 Januar 2010.
  9. Best European business cities. City Mayors (2009-10-28). Retrieved on 2010-10-09.
  10. "World's richest cities by purchasing power". City Mayors. Retrieved 3 Januar 2010.
  11. List of metropolitan areas in the European Union by GDP - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved on 2010-10-09.
  12. a b :Provincia Milano Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine. Il Sole 24 ORE. Retrieved on 2010-10-09.
  13. "World's richest cities in 2009". City Mayors. 22 August 2009. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  14. "Cost of living – The world's most expensive cities 2009". City Mayors. 7 Julie 2009. Retrieved 3 Januar 2010.
  15. "The cost of living in cities: Trop cher?". The Economist. 10 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  16. "City Mayors: World's best financial cities". 10 Juin 2008. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  17. "Best European business cities". City Mayors. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  18. "European city brands". City Mayors. 28 August 2008. Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  19. "GaWC – The World According to GaWC 2008". 3 Juin 2009. Retrieved 3 Januar 2010.
  20. "Milan Nightlife". Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  21. "Nightlife in Milan". Retrieved 19 Apryle 2010.
  22. "Euromonitor Internationals Top City Destinations Ranking > Euromonitor archive". 12 December 2008. Archived frae the original on 11 Januar 2010. Retrieved 3 Januar 2010.
  23. "Città Gemellate". Comune di Milano. Archived frae the original on 27 October 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2012.