Kraków

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Kraków

Cracow
Main Mercat Square, Wawel Castle, Barbican, St. Mary's Basilica, St. Peter an Paul Kirk, Collegium Maius
Banner o Kraków
Banner
Coat of airms o Kraków
Coat airms
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Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833
Kintra Poland
VoivodeshipLesser Poland
CoontyKraków Coonty
Ceety richts5 Juin 1257
Govrenment
 • MayorJacek Majchrowski
 • First Deputy of the MayorTadeusz Trzmiel
Area
 • City327 km2 (126 sq mi)
Elevation
219 m (719 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2011)
 • City759,137
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,395,893
Demonym(s)Cracovian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
30-024 to 31–962
Area code(s)+48 12
Websitewww.krakow.pl

Kraków (Pols pronunciation: [ˈkrakuf] ( listen)) also Cracow, or Krakow (British Inglis /ˈkræk, -k, -kɒf/[1][2]), is the seicond lairgest and ane o the auldest ceeties in Poland. Situatit on the Vistula River (Pols: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the ceety dates back tae the 7t century.[3] Kraków haes traditionally been ane o the leadin centres o Pols academic, cultural an airtistic life an is one o Poland's maist important economic centres. It wis the caipital o Poland frae 1038 tae 1596; the caipital o the Grand Duchy o Kraków frae 1846 tae 1918; an the caipital o Kraków Voivodeship frae the 14t century tae 1999. It is nou the caipital o the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kraków is twinned, or maintains close relations, wi mair nor 30 ceeties aroond the warld:[4]

Fraunce Bordeaux, Fraunce (syne 1993)[4]
Slovakie Bratislava, Slovakie [4][5]
Hungary Budapest, Hungary (syne 2005)[4]
United States Cambridge, Mass., USA (syne 1989)[6]
Brazil Curitiba, Brazil (syne 1993)[4]
Peru Cusco, Peru [4][7]
Unitit Kinrick Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (syne 1995) [8]
Morocco Fes, Morocco (syne 2004)[4]
Italy Florence, Italy (syne 1992)[4]
Germany Frankfurt, Germany (syne 1991)[4][9]
Swaden Göteborg, Swaden (syne 1990)[4]

Roushie Grozny, Roushie (syne 1997) [10]
Austrick Innsbruck in Austrick (syne 1998)[4]
Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine (syne 1993)[4]
Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan

Chile La Serena, Chile (syne 1995)[4]
Germany Leipzig, Germany (syne 1995)[4][11]
Belgium Leuven, Belgium (syne 1991)[4]
Ukraine Lviv, Ukraine (syne 1995)[4]
Italy Milan, Italy (syne 2003)[4][12]
Germany Nuremberg, Germany (syne 1991)[4]
Fraunce Orléans, Fraunce (syne 1992)[4]

Hungary Pécs, Hungary (syne 1998)[4]
United States Rochester, NY, USA (syne 1973)[4]
Ecuador Quito, Ecuador [4]
Roushie St Petersburg, Roushie (syne 2006)[4]
United States San Francisco, CA, USA (syne 2009)[4]
Spain Seville, Spain (syne 2002)[4]
Switzerland Solothurn, Swisserland (syne 1990)[4]
Georgie (kintra) Tbilisi, Georgie[4]
Bulgarie Veliko Turnovo, Bulgarie (syne 1975)[4]
Lithuanie Vilnius, Lithuanie[4]
Croatie Zagreb, Croatie (syne 1975)[4][13][14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Cracow". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 3 Juin 2019.
  2. "Cracow" (US) and "Cracow". OxfordDictionaries.com. OUP. Retrieved 3 Juin 2019.
  3. The Municipality Of Kraków Press Office, 1996–2007, in participation with ACK Cyfronet of the AGH University of Science and Technology, "Our City. History of Krakow, archaeological findings". Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  4. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Kraków otwarty na świat". www.krakow.pl. Retrieved 19 Julie 2009.
  5. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  6. "A Message from the Peace Commission: Information on Cambridge's Sister Cities," February 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Also in: Richard Thompson, "Looking to strengthen family ties with 'sister cities'," Boston Globe, October 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  7. "Ciudades Hermanas (Sister Cities)" (in Spanish). Municipalidad del Cusco. Retrieved 23 September 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  8. "Edinburgh - Twin and Partner Cities". © 2008 The City of Edinburgh Council, City Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1YJ Scotland. Archived frae the original on 28 Mairch 2008. Retrieved 21 December 2008.
  9. "Frankfurt -Partner Cities". © 2008 Stadt Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved 5 December 2008. freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  10. "Grozny Official Website". (in Russian) © 2000-2008 сайт Грозный Виртуальный при перепечатке материалов в онлайн проектах. Retrieved 1 November 2008. line feed character in |publisher= at position 149 (help)
  11. "Leipzig - International Relations". © 2009 Leipzig City Council, Office for European and International Affairs. Retrieved 17 Julie 2009.
  12. "Milano - Città Gemellate". © 2008 Municipality of Milan (Comune di Milano). Retrieved 5 December 2008.
  13. "Foreign co-operation". Retrieved 1 November 2007. from the municipality official website
  14. "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". © 2006-2009 City of Zagreb. Retrieved 23 Juin 2009.