Birmingham

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This airticle is aboot the Inglis ceety. For the ceety in the US state o Alabama, see Birmingham, Alabama. For other uses, see Birmingham (disambiguation).
Ceety o Birmingham
Ceety an Metropolitan borough
City of Birmingham
Frae top left: Birmingham Ceety Centre; Selfridges in the Bull Ring; Cooncil Hoose; Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery an Big Brum; Birmingham an Fazeley Canal leukin towards the BT Tower; Gas Street Basin.
Nickname(s): "Brum", "The Seicont Ceety", "Ceety o a thoosan trades", "Wirkshop o the Warld”
Motto: Forward
Birmingham shown athin Ingland an the Wast Midlands
Birmingham shown athin Ingland an the Wast Midlands
Coordinates: 52°28′59″N 1°53′37″W / 52.48306°N 1.89361°W / 52.48306; -1.89361
Sovereign state  Unitit Kinrick
Constituent kintra  Ingland
Region Wast Midlands
Ceremonial coonty Wast Midlands
Admeen HQ The Cooncil Hoose
Foondit 7t century
Municipal borough 1838
Ceety 1889
Govrenment
 • Teep Metropolitan borough
 • Bouk Birmingham Ceety Cooncil
 • Laird Mayor Anita Ward (L)
 • Cooncil Leader Mike Whitby (C)
 • Cooncil Control Conservative / Leeberal Democrat Coalition
 • MPs Richard Burden (L)
Liam Byrne (L)
Jack Dromey (L)
Roger Godsiff (L)
John Hemming (LD)
Khalid Mahmood (L)
Shabana Mahmood (L)
Steve McCabe (L)
Andrew Mitchell (C)
Gisela Stuart (L)
Aurie
 • Tot 103.39 sq mi (267.77 km2)
Elevation 460 ft (140 m)
Population (2008 est.)
 • Tot 1,101,360 ([[Leet o Inglis destricts bi population|Ranked 1st]])
 • Density 9,680/sq mi (3,739/km2)
 • Conurbation 2,284,093
 • Ethnicity
(2009 estimates[1])
68.0% White (63.3% White Breetish)
19.7% Sooth Asie
6.6% Black
3.1% Mixed Race
1.1% Cheenese
1.5% Other
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) Breetish Simmer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode B
Aurie code(s) 0121
ISO 3166 code GB-BIR
ONS code 00CN
OS grid reference SP066868
NUTS 3 UKG31
Wabsteid birmingham.gov.uk

Birmingham is a muckle ceety in Ingland, an is Ingland's seicont ceety. It haes a population o aboot 1,000,000 fowk.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mercat Toun[eedit | eedit soorce]

Birmingham wis a wee veelage till it gat a chairter in the 12t century for tae hae a mercat, kent as the Bull Ring. That turnt Birmingham intae a thrang centre o troke. By the 13t century, Birmingham haed a thrang claith industry an aw. This growth in industry meant a growth in population, an by the 14t century it wis the thrid muckle maist toun in Warwickshire, ahint Coventry an Warwick.

Centre O Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 16t century, Birmingham becam a centre o mony metalwark industries. This wis acause Birmingham wis by soorces o airn uir an coal. Than Birmingham stairtit tae mak wappens, like guns an swuirds. In the 17t century, thare wis e'en a Gun Quarter o Birmingham.

Brindleyplace, Birmingham

By the 18t century, Birmingham wis a major industrial toun. It becam a centre o the canal seestem an aw, that helpit the ceety to conteena it's industrial growth. Acause o it's mony industries it wis tae-named "The Warkshop o The Warld".

In the 19t century, the first railwey in Birmingham wis biggit, the Grand Junction Railway that connectit Birmingham tae Liverpuil an Manchester. Suin efter, mair railweys wis biggit, connectin Birmingham wi Lunnon, Derby an Gloucester amang the lave. Birmingham becam kent as the "Ceety o a thoosand treds" as troke conteenad tae growe. Mony fowk frae Ireland cam to the ceety, increasin the population. Durin this time maist o the ceety centre wis rebiggit an leevin condeetions wis bettert.

The Modren Ceety[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the 20t century, a hantle o the ceety haed to be rebiggit efter the blitz and slums wis cleared. Efter the war, thare wis a hantle immigration frae the Breetish Commonwealth, contreebutin to the diversity o the ceety. Thare wis forder immigration frae Ireland an aw, addin to the ceety's muckle Irish community. In the hindermaist 30 years, thare hiv been mony projects to regenerate the toun, the Naitional Exhibeetion Centre wis biggit in the 70s and in the 90s the Internaitional Convention Centre wis biggit. The Bullring Shopping Centre was opened in 2003, an nouadays Birmingham is a modren ceity.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Pavilion at Edgbaston

Birmingham's main sport is fitbaa, wi twa main teams, Aston Villa an Birmingham Ceety, an wi Wast Bromwich in Sandwell naur Birmingham. The Birmingham Derby is spielt atweesh Aston Villa an Birmingham Ceety.

Birmingham is the hame o Warwickshire County Cricket Club, that spiel thair gemmes at Edgbaston.

Cultur an Airts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Birmingham haes produced mony baunds, like Electric Light Orchestra, Duran Duran and UB40. Birmingham is the hame o the Ceity o Birmingham's Symphony Orchestra an Birmingham's symphony hall is consideered ane o the best o the 20t century. The Naitional Indoor Arena, the Carling Academy and the Naitional Exhibeetion Centre aw host concerts an aw. Pairty in the Pairk is Birmingham's muckle maist muisic concerts, wi up tae 30,000 fowk gaun.

Thare hiv been mony famous leeterar fowk frae Birmingham. Authors an poets like W.V. Awdry, Edgar Guest an J.R.R. Tolkien as weel as contemporar authors an poets like Jonathan Coe an Benjamin Zephaniah.

Barber Institute Of Fine Arts

Mony Comedians hiv cam frae Birmingham includin Tony Hancock, Jasper Carrott an Frank Skinner. Places like The Glee Club an The Birmigham Jongleurs are kenspeckle venues. Birmingham haes it's awn comedy festival, the Birmingham Comedy Festival, whilk begoud in 2001.

Mony airtists cam frae Birmingham, for ensaumple Edward Burne-Jones, David Cox an comtemporar airtists like Keith Piper an Pogus Caesar. Thare are mony airt venues throughout Birmingham, includin the Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery an the Barber Institute of Fine Arts amang lave.

Aucht to mony different communities, thare are mony festivals in Birmingham, thare is a caribbean style Birmingham Internaitional Carnival, a muckle St George's Day festival an a St Patrick's Day parade, whilk is the thrid muckle maist St Patrick's Day paraud in the warld (efter Dublin an New York).

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Birmingham's sax offeecial twin ceeties are:

Freendship greement

References[eedit | eedit soorce]