El Salvador

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For ither uises, see El Salvador (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 13°50′N 88°55′W / 13.833°N 88.917°W / 13.833; -88.917

Republic o El Salvador
República de El Salvador
Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad" (Spaingie)
Scots: "God, Unity, Freedom"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
Scots: "Naitional Anthem o El Salvador"
Location o El Salvador
Caipital
and largest city
San Salvador
13°40′N 89°10′W / 13.667°N 89.167°W / 13.667; -89.167
Offeecial leids Spaingie
Ethnic groups
Demonym Salvadoran
Govrenment Unitary presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Legislatur Legislative Assembly
Unthirldom
• Declared frae Spain
15 September 1821
• Declared frae the
First Mexican Empire
1 Julie 1823
• Acomes an independent naition[2]
18 February 1841
Aurie
• Total
21,041 km2 (8,124 sq mi) (153rd)
• Water (%)
1.5
Population
• 2015 estimate
6,377,195 (99t)
• Density
303.1/km2 (785.0/sq mi) (47t)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$52.666 billion[3]
• Per capita
$8,668[3]
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Tot
$28.986 billion[3]
• Per capita
$4,776[3]
Gini (2013) 43.5[4]
medium
HDI (2014) Increase 0.686[5]
medium · 116t
Currency Unitit States dollara (USD)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
Drivin side richt
Cawin code +503b
ISO 3166 code SV
Internet TLD .sv
  1. The Unitit States dollar is the siller in uise. Financial information can be expressed in U.S. dollars an in Salvadoran colón, but the colón is oot o circulation.[6]
  2. Telephone companies (market share): Tigo (45%), Claro (25%), Movistar (24%), Digicel (5.5%), Reid (0.5%).

El Salvador (Spaingie: República de El Salvador, literally meanin "Republic o the Savior"), offeecially the Republic o El Salvador, is the smawest an the maist densely populatit kintra in Central Americae an aw. It borders the Pacific Ocean atween Guatemala an Honduras. It lees on the Gulf o Fonseca, as dae Honduras an Nicaragua forder sooth.

El Salvador wis for centuries inhabitit bi several Mesoamerican naitions, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as weel as the Lenca an Maya. In the early 16t century, the Spaingie Empire conquered the territory, incorporatin it intae the Viceryalty o New Spain ruled frae Mexico Ceety. Houiver the Viceryalty o Mexico haed little or na influence in the daily affairs o the Central American isthmus, that wad be colonised in 1524. In 1609 the aurie becam the Caiptaincy General o Guatemala, frae that El Salvador wis pairt o till its unthirldom frae Spain, that teuk place in 1821, as pairt o the First Mexican Empire, then forder secedit, as pairt o the Federal Republic o Central Americae, in 1823. Whan the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador becam a sovereign naition, then formed a short-leeved union wi Honduras an Nicaragua cried the Greater Republic o Central Americae, that lastit frae 1895 tae 1898.[7][8][9]

Frae the late 19t tae the mid-20t century, El Salvador endured chronic poleetical an economic instability chairacterised bi coups, revolts, an a succession o authoritarian rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality an ceevil unrest culminatit in the devastatin Salvadoran Ceevil War (1979–1992), that wis focht atween the militar-led govrenment an a coaleetion o left-weeng guerrilla groups. The conflict endit wi the Chapultepec Peace Accords. This negotiatit settlement established a multipairty constitutional republic, that remeens in place tae this day.

El Salvador's economy haes historically been dominatit bi agricultur, beginnin wi the indigo plant (añil in Spaingie), the maist important crap in the colonial period,[10][11] an follaed thareefter bi coffee, that bi the early 20t century accoontit for 90 percent o export earnins.[12][13] El Salvador haes since reduced its dependence on coffee an embaurked on diversifyin the economy bi appenin up tred an financial airtins an expandin the manufacturin sector.[14] The colón, the offeecial siller o El Salvador syne 1892, wis replaced bi the U.S. dollar in 2001.

As o 2010, El Salvador ranks 12t amang Laitin American kintras in terms o the Human Development Index an fowerth in Central Americae (ahint Panama, Costa Rica, an Belize) due in pairt tae ongaein rapid industrialisation.[15] Houiver, the kintra conteenas tae struggle wi heich rates o poverty, inequality, an crime.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "CIA The World Factbook: People and Society – El Salavador". 
  2. David Scott FitzGerald (22 April 2014). Culling the Masses. Harvard University Press. p. 363. ISBN 978-0-674-36967-2. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 [1]
  4. "Gini index". World Bank. Retrieved 21 November 2015. 
  5. (PDF) http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr_2015_statistical_annex.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. Main Aspects of the Law at bcr.gob.sv Error: unkent archive URL (archived 20070708094105). bcr.gob.sv
  7. Roy Boland (1 January 2001). Culture and Customs of El Salvador. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-313-30620-4. 
  8. Maureen Ihrie; Salvador Oropesa (20 October 2011). World Literature in Spanish: An Encyclopedia [3 volumes]: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-313-08083-8. 
  9. Jeanne M. Haskin (2012). From Conflict to Crisis: The Danger of U.S. Actions. Algora Publishing. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-87586-961-2. 
  10. Tommie Sue Montgomery (1995). Revolution in El Salvador: From Civil Strife to Civil Peace. Westview Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-8133-0071-9. 
  11. Kevin Murray (1 January 1997). El Salvador: Peace on Trial. Oxfam. pp. 8–. ISBN 978-0-85598-361-1. 
  12. Roy Boland (1 January 2001). Culture and Customs of El Salvador. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-313-30620-4. 
  13. Thomas L. Pearcy (2006). The History of Central America. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-313-32293-8. 
  14. Erin Foley; Rafiz Hapipi (2005). El Salvador. Marshall Cavendish. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-7614-1967-9. 
  15. Jeni Klugman (2010). "Human Development Report 2010" (Report). Palgrave Macmillan. p. 152. Retrieved 18 October 2013.