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Republic o Guatemala
República de Guatemala
Banner Coat o airms
  • "Libre Crezca Fecundo"[1]
  • "El País de la Eterna Primavera"
  • "The Laund o the Eternal Spring"[2]
Anthem: Himno Nacional de Guatemala
Naitional anthem o Guatemala
an lairgest ceety
Guatemala Ceety
14°38′N 90°30′W / 14.633°N 90.500°W / 14.633; -90.500
Offeecial leids Spainyie
Ethnic groups (2010)
Demonym Guatemalan
Government Unitar presidential republic
 -  Preses Alejandro Maldonado (actin)
 -  Vice Preses Vacant
Legislatur Congress of the Republic
Unthirldom frae the Spainyie Empire
 -  Declared 15 September 1821 
 -  Declared fre the
First Mexican Empire
1 Julie 1823 
 -  Current constitution 31 Mey 1985 
 -  Total 108,889 km2 (107t)
42,042 sq mi 
 -  Watter (%) 0.4
 -  2014 estimate 15,806,675[3] (66t)
 -  Densitie 129/km2 (85t)
348.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $124.941 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $7,680[4]
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
 -  Total $66.037 billion[4]
 -  Per capita $4,059[4]
Gini (2007) 55.1
HDI (2011) Steady 0.574[5]
medium · 125th
Currency Quetzal (GTQ)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
Drives on the richt
Cawin code +502
Internet TLD .gt

Guatemala (pronounced /ˌɡwɑːtəˈmɑːlə/ ( listen); Spainyie: República de Guatemala, Spainyie pronunciation: [reˈpuβlika ðe ɣwateˈmala]), kent offeecially as the Republic o Guatemala is a kintra in Central Americae bordered bi Mexico tae the northwast, the Paceefic Ocean tae the soothwast, Belize tae the northaest, the Caribbean to the aest, an Honduras an El Salvador tae the southaest.

A representative democracy, its caipital is Guatemala Ceety. Guatemala's abundance o biologically significant an unique ecoseestems contributes tae Mesoamericae's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.

Etymologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreegin o the name "Guatemala" is unclear, but several theories exist. "Guatemala" is derived frae "Goathemala", which means "the laund o the trees" in the Maya-Toltec leid. Anither theory is that it comes frae the Nahuatl expression "Cuauhtitlan", meanin "atween the trees". Cuauhtitlan wis the name the Tlaxcaltecan sodgers who accompaniet Pedro de Alvarado durin the Spainyie Conquest gave tae this territory. Lastly, thare is a theory that it is the Spainyie corruption o a Nahoa wird coactmoct-lan, meanin "laund o the snake eatin bird".

  1. Banco de Guatemala 1996.
  2. Aguirre 1949, p. 254.
  3. Instituto Nacional de Estadística 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 International Monetary Fund (2015). "Guatemala". 
  5. United Nations 2011, p. 129.