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Puerto Rico

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Coordinates: 18°12′N 66°30′W / 18.2°N 66.5°W / 18.2; -66.5

Commonweel o Puerto Rico

Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Banner o Puerto Rico
Coat of arms o Puerto Rico
Coat of arms
Location o Puerto Rico
Location o Puerto Rico
StatusUnincorporatit Territory
CaipitalSan Juan
18°27′N 66°6′W / 18.450°N 66.100°W / 18.450; -66.100
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leidsSpaingie (first offeecial leid)
Common leids
  • Spaingie 94.4%
  • Inglis 5.1%
  • Ithers 0.5%
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Puerto Rican (formal)
Boricua (colloquial)
Sovereign state Unitit States
• Preses
Joe Bidem
• Govrenor
Pedro Pierluisi
Resident Commissioner Jennifer Gonzalez
LegislaturLegislative Assembly
Hoose o Representatives
Unincorporatit territory 
within the Unitit States
December 10, 1898
Mairch 2, 1917
Julie 25, 1952
• Total
9,104 km2 (3,515 sq mi) (169th)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
3,474,182[3] (130t)
• 2010 census
• Density
382/km2 (989.4/sq mi) (29t)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$127 billion[4] (72nt)
• Per capita
$34,527[5] (29t)
GDP (nominal)2013 estimate
• Tot
$105.1 billion[6] (60t)
• Per capita
$28,509[7] (32nt)
Gini (2011)0.531[8]
HDI (2012)0.865[9]
verra heich · 29t
CurrencyUnitit States dollar ($) (USD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (Atlantic)
• Summer (DST)
UTC-4 (not observed)
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+1-787, +1-939
ISO 3166 codePR
Internet TLD.pr
  1. ^ "The Star-Spangled Banner" serves as the naitional anthem for the Unitit States o Americae an its territories.
  2. ^ "The term 'Commonweel' disna describe or provide for ony specific poleetical status or relationship. It haes, for example, been applied tae baith states an territories. When uised in connection wi auries unner U.S. sovereignty that are nae states, the term broadly describes an aurie that is sel-govrenin unner a constitution o its adoption an whase richt o sel-govrenment will nae be unilaterally widrawn bi Congress."[10]
Territorial organization
PR Capitol, south side

Puerto Rico (/ˌpɔːrtə ˈrk/ or /ˌpwɛərtə ˈrk/),[note 1] offeecially the Commonweel o Puerto Rico (Spainish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, [esˈtaðo ˈlibɾe asosˈjaðo ðe ˈpweɾto ˈriko]—literally Associatit Free State o Puerto Rico), is an unincorporatit territory o the Unitit States, locatit in the northeastren Caribbean Sea, east o the Dominican Republic an wast o the Virgin Islands.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Puerto Rico (Spaingie for "rich port") comprises an archipelago that includes the main island o Puerto Rico an a nummer o smawer islands, the lairgest o which are Vieques, Culebra, an Mona. The main island o Puerto Rico is the smawest bi land aurie o the Greater Antilles. It, housomeivver, ranks third in population amang that group o fower islands, which an aa include Cuba, Hispaniola, an Jamaica.

Puerto Ricans eften caw the island Borinquen, frae Borikén, its indigenous Taíno name, which means "Land o the Valiant Lord".[13][14][15] The terms boricua an borincano derive frae Borikén an Borinquen respectively, an are commonly uised tae identify someane o Puerto Rican heritage. The island is an aa popularly kent in Spaingie as "La Isla del Encanto" which means "The Island o Enchantment" in Inglis.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "P. Rico Senate declares Spanish over English as first official language". News Report. San Juan, Puerto Rico. Agencia EFE. 4 September 2015. Archived frae the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 7 Februar 2016.
  2. "2010 Census: Puerto Rico Profile" (PDF). Retrieved 26 Juin 2014.
  3. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. 26 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  4. "GDP, PPP (current international $)".
  5. "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)," World Development Indicators database, World Bank. Database updated on May 8, 2014. Accessed on May 10, 2014.
  6. "World Bank World Development Indicators, July 2013". World Bank. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  7. "The Global Competitiveness Report 2014–2015 (Puerto Rico)" (PDF). World Economic Forum.
  8. "Household Income for States: 2010 and 2011" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved 16 Mey 2014.
  9. Fuentes-Ramírez, Ricardo R. (2014). "An Approximation of Puerto Rico's Human Development Index" (PDF). Caribbean Studies. 42 (1): 253–258. Retrieved 11 Juin 2016.
  10. "Definition of Terms - 1120 Acquisition of U.S. Nationality in U.S. Territories and Possessions". U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 7- Consular Affairs. U.S. Department of State. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 25 Juin 2016.
  11. Patricia Gherovici (2003). The Puerto Rican syndrome. Other Press, LLC. pp. 140–141. ISBN 9781892746757.
  12. Pedro A. Malavet (2004). America's colony: the political ann cultural conflict between the United States and Puerto Rico. NYU Press. pp. 43, 181 note 76. ISBN 9780814756805.
  13. Allatson, Paul. Key Terms in Latino/a Cultural and Literary Studies, p. 47. Malden, Mass: Blackwell Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-4051-0250-0.
  14. Dictionary: Taino Indigenous Peoples of the Caribbean Retrieved: February 21, 2008. (Based on the encyclopedia "Clásicos de Puerto Rico", 2nd. edition. Ed. Cayetano Coll y Toste. Publisher: Ediciones Latinoamericanas, S.A., 1972.).
  15. "H. B. Grose, Advance in the Antilles: the new era in Cuba and Porto Rico, Presbyterian Home Missions, 1910". Books.google.com. 8 August 2006. Retrieved 6 Februar 2011.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. :The common English language pronunciation corresponds tae Porto Rico, a name uised in 19t century Inglis as well as bi the French an the Dutch. Being easier tae pronoonce for native English speakers, Porto Rico was the common designation for American newspaper reporters even afore Unitit States admeenistration o the territory. Durin United States admeenistration, Porto Rico wis the offeecial spellin frae 1900 tae 1932, appearin in such offeecial documents as the Treaty o Paris an the Foraker Act.[11] The spellin wis chynged frae Porto tae Puerto in 1932.[12]