Puerto Rico

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Coordinates: 18°12′N 66°30′W / 18.2°N 66.5°W / 18.2; -66.5

Commonweel o Puerto Rico
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Banner Coat of arms
Motto: "Ioannes est nomen eius" (Laitin)
Great Seal
Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.svg
Status Unincorporatit Territory
Caipital San Juan
18°27′N 66°6′W / 18.450°N 66.100°W / 18.450; -66.100
Lairgest ceety capital
Offeecial leids Spaingie (first offeecial leid)
Common leids
  • Spanish 94.4%
  • English 5.1%
  • Others 0.5%
Ethnic groups
Demonym Puerto Rican (formal)
Boricua (colloquial)
Sovereign state  Unitit States
Govrenment Commonweel[b]
 •  Preses Barack Obama (D)
 •  Govrenor Alejandro García Padilla (PPD)
 •  U.S. Hoose Delegate Resident Commissioner Pedro Pierluisi (NPP)
Legislature Legislative Assembly
 •  Upper hoose Senate
 •  Lawer hoose Hoose o Representatives
Unincorporatit territory within the Unitit States
 •  Cession frae Spain December 10, 1898 
 •  U.S. ceetizenship grantit Mairch 2, 1917 
 •  Constitution adoptit Julie 25, 1952 
 •  Tot 9,104 km2 (169th)
3,515 sq mi
 •  Watter (%) 1.6
 •  2015 estimate 3,474,182[3] (130t)
 •  2010 census 3,725,789
 •  Density 382/km2 (29t)
988/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 •  Tot $127 billion[4] (72nt)
 •  Per capita $34,527[5] (29t)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 •  Total $105.1 billion[6] (60t)
 •  Per capita $28,509[7] (32nt)
Gini (2011) 0.531[8]
HDI (2012) 0.865[9]
very heich · 29t
Siller Unitit States dollar ($) (USD)
Time zone Atlantic (UTC-4)
 •  Simmer (DST) not observed (UTC-4)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +1-787, +1-939
ISO 3166 code PR
Internet TLD .pr
a. ^ "The Star-Spangled Banner" serves as the naitional anthem for the Unitit States o Americae an its territories.
b. ^ "The term 'Commonweel' disna describe or provide for ony specific poleetical status or relationship. It haes, for example, been applied tae baith states an territories. When uised in connection wi auries unner U.S. sovereignty that are nae states, the term broadly describes an aurie that is sel-govrenin unner a constitution o its adoption an whase richt o sel-govrenment will nae be unilaterally widrawn bi Congress."[10]

Puerto Rico (/ˌpɔːrtə ˈrk/ or /ˌpwɛərtə ˈrk/),[note 1] offeecially the Commonweel o Puerto Rico (Spaingie: "Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico", [esˈtaðo ˈlibɾe asosˈjaðo ðe ˈpweɾto ˈriko]—literally Associatit Free State o Puerto Rico), is an unincorporatit territory o the Unitit States, locatit in the northeastren Caribbean Sea, east o the Dominican Republic an wast o the Virgin Islands.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Puerto Rico (Spainyie for "rich port") comprises an archipelago that includes the main island o Puerto Rico an a number o smawer islands, the lairgest o which are Vieques, Culebra, an Mona. The main island o Puerto Rico is the smawest bi land aurie o the Greater Antilles. It, housomeivver, ranks third in population amang that group o fower islands, which an aa include Cuba, Hispaniola, an Jamaica.

Puerto Ricans eften caw the island Borinquen, frae Borikén, its indigenous Taíno name, which means "Land o the Valiant Lord".[13][14][15] The terms boricua an borincano derive frae Borikén an Borinquen respectively, an are commonly uised tae identify someane o Puerto Rican heritage. The island is an aa popularly kent in Spainyie as "La Isla del Encanto" which means "The Island o Enchantment" in Inglis.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "P. Rico Senate declares Spanish over English as first official language". News Report (San Juan, Puerto Rico). Agencia EFE. September 4, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2016. 
  2. "2010 Census: Puerto Rico Profile" (PDF). Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  3. "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). U.S. Census Bureau. December 26, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  4. "GDP, PPP (current international $)". 
  5. "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $)," World Development Indicators database, World Bank. Database updated on May 8, 2014. Accessed on May 10, 2014.
  6. "World Bank World Development Indicators, July 2013". World Bank. Retrieved August 21, 2013. 
  7. "The Global Competitiveness Report 2014–2015 (Puerto Rico)" (PDF). World Economic Forum. 
  8. "Household Income for States: 2010 and 2011" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. September 2012. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  9. Fuentes-Ramírez, Ricardo R. (2014). "An Approximation of Puerto Rico's Human Development Index" (PDF). Caribbean Studies 42 (1): 253–258. Retrieved June 11, 2016. 
  10. "Definition of Terms - 1120 Acquisition of U.S. Nationality in U.S. Territories and Possessions" (PDF). U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual Volume 7- Consular Affairs. U.S. Department of State. 
  11. Patricia Gherovici (2003). The Puerto Rican syndrome. Other Press, LLC. pp. 140–141. ISBN 9781892746757. 
  12. Pedro A. Malavet (2004). America's colony: the political ann cultural conflict between the United States and Puerto Rico. NYU Press. pp. 43, 181 note 76. ISBN 9780814756805. 
  13. Allatson, Paul. Key Terms in Latino/a Cultural and Literary Studies, p. 47. Malden, Mass: Blackwell Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-4051-0250-0.
  14. Dictionary: Taino Indigenous Peoples of the Caribbean Retrieved: February 21, 2008. (Based on the encyclopedia "Clásicos de Puerto Rico", 2nd. edition. Ed. Cayetano Coll y Toste. Publisher: Ediciones Latinoamericanas, S.A., 1972.).
  15. "H. B. Grose, Advance in the Antilles: the new era in Cuba and Porto Rico, Presbyterian Home Missions, 1910". Books.google.com. 2006-08-08. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. :The common English language pronunciation corresponds tae Porto Rico, a name uised in 19t century Inglis as well as bi the French an the Dutch. Being easier tae pronoonce for native English speakers, Porto Rico was the common designation for American newspaper reporters even afore Unitit States admeenistration o the territory. Durin United States admeenistration, Porto Rico wis the offeecial spellin frae 1900 tae 1932, appearin in such offeecial documents as the Treaty o Paris an the Foraker Act.[11] The spellin wis chynged frae Porto tae Puerto in 1932.[12]