Trinidad an Tobago

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Coordinates: 11°14′57″N 60°39′09″W / 11.249285°N 60.652557°W / 11.249285; -60.652557

Republic o Trinidad an Tobago

Location o Trinidad an Tobago
CaipitalPort o Spainie
10°40′N 61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517
Lairgest ceetyChaguanas[1]
10°30′N 61°23′W / 10.500°N 61.383°W / 10.500; -61.383
Offeecial leidsInglis
Trinidadian Creole an Tobagonian Creole
Ethnic groups
Trini (colloquial)
GovrenmentUnitar pairlamentar constitutional republic
• Preses
Paula-Mae Weekes
Keith Rowley
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Brigid Annisette-George
Christine Kangaloo
Ivor Archie
Hoose o Representatives
• Trinidad an Tobago (separately) discovered bi the Spaingie
• Colonised bi the Spaingie
• Spainie cedes Trinidad an Tobago (as separate colonies) tae the Unitit Kinrick at the Treaty o Amiens
25 March 1802
• Unification o Trinidad an Tobago
• Pairt o the Wast Indies Federation
3 Januar 1958 tae 31 Mey 1962
31 August 1962
• Jyns CARICOM at the Treaty o Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
• 2011 census
• Density
254.4/km2 (658.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$44.654 billion[6] (110t)
• Per capita
$32,520[6] (36th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$21.748 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2012)39.0[7]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.772[8]
heich · 64t
CurrencyTrinidad an Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (Atlantic Staundart Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC-4 (nae observed)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+1 (868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
  1. Haliday celebratit on 24 September.
Territorial organization
Tobago Territorial organization

Trinidad an Tobago, kent offeecially as the Republic o Trinidad an Tobago (pronounced /ˌtrɪnɨdæd ən tɵˈbeɪɡoʊ/ (deprecatit template)) is an archipelagic state[9] in the soothren Caribbean, lyin juist aff the coast o northeastren Venezuela an sooth o Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. It shares maritime boondaries wh ither naitions includin Barbados tae the northeast, Guyana tae the sootheast, an Venezuela tae the sooth an wast.[10][11]

The kintra covers an aurie o 5,128 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi)[12] an consists o twa main islands, Trinidad an Tobago, an numerous smawer landforms. Trinidad is the lairger an mair populous o the main islands; Tobago is muckle smawer, comprisin aboot 6% o the total aurie an 4% o the entire population which is estimatit at 1.3 million (2005). The naition lies ootside the hurricane belt.

Trinidad an Tobago wis a Spainyie colony frae the times o Christopher Columbus tae 1802, when it wis cedit tae Breetain. The kintra obtained unthirldom in 1962, becomin a republic in 1976. Unlike maist o the Inglis-speakin Caribbean, Trinidad an Tobago's economy is primarily industrial,[13] wi an emphasis on petroleum an petrochemicals. Trinidad an Tobago haes a soond macroeconomic framewirk an a lang tradition o institutional stability. It scores relatively well in mony o the 10 economic freedoms, an its economy haes grown at an average rate o close tae 7 percent ower the period 2003 - 2008. The govrenment haes tried tae diversify the economic base, an the kintra haes evolved intae a key financial center in the Caribbean region.

Trinidad an Tobago is kent for its Carnival an is the birthplace o steelpan,[14] calypso,[15][16] soca, an limbo.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2011 Population and Housing Census – Preliminary Count, page 4" (PDF). Central Statistical Office (CSOTT). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 20 Januar 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  2. a b "TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 2011 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS DEMOGRAPHIC REPORT" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  3. "Most Baha'i Nations (2010) - QuickLists - The Association of Religion Data Archives". Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  4. "Population Mid Year Estimates". Trinidad and Tobago Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 27 Mey 2016.
  5. Trinidad and Tobago 2011 Population and Housing Census Demographic Report (PDF) (Report). Trinidad and Tobago Central Statistical Office. p. 2. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 27 Mey 2016.
  6. a b c d "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 25 Februar 2017.
  7. Carla, By. (12 Mairch 2013) Allowing govt to manage better | Trinidad Express Newspaper | Business Express Archived 2017-06-30 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  8. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  9. Archipelagic Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone Act No 24 of 1986
  10. "Treaty between the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Republic of Venezuela on the delimitation of marine and submarine areas, 18 April 1990" (PDF). The Unitit Naitions. Retrieved 13 Apryle 2009. [deid airtin]
  11. "The 1990 Accord Replaces the 1942 Paris Treaty". Trinidad and Tobago News. Retrieved 13 Apryle 2009.
  12. "Background note Trinidad and Tobago". US Department of State. Retrieved August 2009. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  13. "Trinidad and Tobago Country brief". The World Bank. Archived frae the original on 2007-01-12. Retrieved September 2008. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  14. Hill (1983), pp. 203-209.
  15. Hill (1983), pp. 8-10. See also, p. 284, n. 1.
  16. Quevedo (1983), pp. 2-14.