Trinidad an Tobago

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Republic o Trinidad an Tobago
Banner Coat o airms
(Banner) (Coat o airms)
Motto: "Together we aspire, together we achieve"
Trinidad an Tobago
Trinidad an Tobago
Offeecial leid Inglis
Caipital Port o Spain
Lairgest ceety San Fernando
Govrenment 
 -Preses
- Prime meenister
Parliamentary republic
George Maxwell Richards
Kamla Perdad-Bissessar
 
Aurie
 - Tot
 - % watter

5,131 km²/1,981 sq mi
negligible
Population
 - 2011
 -  census
 - Density
 
1,310,000

254.4/km²
Foondin
 
31 August 1962
Siller Trinidad an Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zone UTC - 4
Naitional anthem Forged from the Love of Liberty
Internet TLD .tt
Cawin code +1-868

Trinidad an Tobago, kent offeecially as the Republic o Trinidad an Tobago (pronounced /ˌtrɪnɨdæd ən tɵˈbeɪɡoʊ/ ( listen)) is an archipelagic state[1] in the soothren Caribbean, lyin juist aff the coast o northeastren Venezuela an sooth o Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. It shares maritime boondaries wh ither naitions includin Barbados tae the northeast, Guyana tae the sootheast, an Venezuela tae the sooth an wast.[2][3]

The kintra covers an aurie o 5,128 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi)[4] an consists o twa main islands, Trinidad an Tobago, an numerous smawer landforms. Trinidad is the lairger an mair populous o the main islands; Tobago is muckle smawer, comprisin aboot 6% o the total aurie an 4% o the entire population which is estimatit at 1.3 million (2005). The naition lies ootside the hurricane belt.

Trinidad an Tobago wis a Spainyie colony frae the times o Christopher Columbus tae 1802, when it wis cedit tae Breetain. The kintra obtained unthirldom in 1962, becomin a republic in 1976. Unlike maist o the Inglis-speakin Caribbean, Trinidad an Tobago's economy is primarily industrial,[5] wi an emphasis on petroleum an petrochemicals. Trinidad an Tobago haes a soond macroeconomic framewirk an a lang tradition o institutional stability. It scores relatively well in mony o the 10 economic freedoms, an its economy haes grown at an average rate o close tae 7 percent ower the period 2003 - 2008. The govrenment haes tried tae diversify the economic base, an the kintra haes evolved intae a key financial center in the Caribbean region.

Trinidad an Tobago is kent for its Carnival an is the birthplace o steelpan,[6] calypso,[7][8] soca, an limbo.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Archipelagic Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone Act No 24 of 1986
  2. "Treaty between the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Republic of Venezuela on the delimitation of marine and submarine areas, 18 April 1990". The Unitit Naitions. Retrieved 2009-04-13. [deid airtin]
  3. "The 1990 Accord Replaces the 1942 Paris Treaty". Trinidad and Tobago News. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  4. "Background note Trinidad and Tobago". US Department of State. Retrieved August 2009. 
  5. "Trinidad and Tobago Country brief". The World Bank. Retrieved September 2008. 
  6. Hill (1983), pp. 203-209.
  7. Hill (1983), pp. 8-10. See also, p. 284, n. 1.
  8. Quevedo (1983), pp. 2-14.