Trinidad an Tobago

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Coordinates: 11°14′57″N 60°39′09″W / 11.249285°N 60.652557°W / 11.249285; -60.652557

Republic o Trinidad an Tobago
Banner o Trinidad an Tobago
Coat o airms o Trinidad an Tobago
Banner Coat o airms
Location o Trinidad an Tobago
Capital Port of Spain
10°40′N 61°31′W / 10.667°N 61.517°W / 10.667; -61.517
Lairgest ceety Chaguanas[1]
10°30′N 61°23′W / 10.500°N 61.383°W / 10.500; -61.383
Offeecial leids Inglis
Vernacular
leid
Trinidadian Creole an Tobagonian Creole
Ethnic groups (2011[2])
Releegion
[2][3]
Demonym Trinidadian
Trini (colloquial)
Tobagonian
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar constitutional republic
• Preses
Anthony Carmona
Keith Rowley
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Brigid Annisette-George
Christine Kangaloo
Ivor Archie
Legislatur Pairlament
Senate
Hoose o Representatives
Establishment
• Trinidad an Tobago (separately) discovered bi the Spaingie
1498
• Colonised bi the Spaingie
1530
• Spain cedes Trinidad an Tobago (as separate colonies) tae the Unitit Kinrick at the Treaty o Amiens
25 March 1802
• Unification o Trinidad an Tobago
1889
• Pairt o the Wast Indies Federation
3 Januar 1958 tae 31 Mey 1962
31 August 1962
• Jyns CARICOM at the Treaty o Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
Aurie
• Tot
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (171st)
• Watter (%)
negligible
Population
• 2015 estimate
1,349,667[4]
• 2011 census
1,328,019[5]
• Density
254.4/km2 (658.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$44.654 billion[6] (110t)
• Per capita
$32,520[6] (36th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$21.748 billion[6]
• Per capita
$15,838[6]
Gini (2012) 39.0[7]
middlin
HDI (2014) Increase 0.772[8]
heich · 64t
Siller Trinidad an Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zone Atlantic Staundart Time (UTC-4)
• Summer (DST)
nae observed (UTC-4)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the caur
Cawin code +1 (868)
Internet TLD .tt
  1. Haliday celebratit on 24 September.

Trinidad an Tobago, kent offeecially as the Republic o Trinidad an Tobago (pronounced /ˌtrɪnɨdæd ən tɵˈbeɪɡoʊ/ (deprecatit template)) is an archipelagic state[9] in the soothren Caribbean, lyin juist aff the coast o northeastren Venezuela an sooth o Grenada in the Lesser Antilles. It shares maritime boondaries wh ither naitions includin Barbados tae the northeast, Guyana tae the sootheast, an Venezuela tae the sooth an wast.[10][11]

The kintra covers an aurie o 5,128 square kilometres (1,980 sq mi)[12] an consists o twa main islands, Trinidad an Tobago, an numerous smawer landforms. Trinidad is the lairger an mair populous o the main islands; Tobago is muckle smawer, comprisin aboot 6% o the total aurie an 4% o the entire population which is estimatit at 1.3 million (2005). The naition lies ootside the hurricane belt.

Trinidad an Tobago wis a Spainyie colony frae the times o Christopher Columbus tae 1802, when it wis cedit tae Breetain. The kintra obtained unthirldom in 1962, becomin a republic in 1976. Unlike maist o the Inglis-speakin Caribbean, Trinidad an Tobago's economy is primarily industrial,[13] wi an emphasis on petroleum an petrochemicals. Trinidad an Tobago haes a soond macroeconomic framewirk an a lang tradition o institutional stability. It scores relatively well in mony o the 10 economic freedoms, an its economy haes grown at an average rate o close tae 7 percent ower the period 2003 - 2008. The govrenment haes tried tae diversify the economic base, an the kintra haes evolved intae a key financial center in the Caribbean region.

Trinidad an Tobago is kent for its Carnival an is the birthplace o steelpan,[14] calypso,[15][16] soca, an limbo.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2011 Population and Housing Census – Preliminary Count, page 4" (PDF). Central Statistical Office (CSOTT). Retrieved 2016-12-31. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO 2011 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS DEMOGRAPHIC REPORT" (PDF). Guardian.co.tt. Retrieved 2017-08-02. 
  3. "Most Baha'i Nations (2010) - QuickLists - The Association of Religion Data Archives". Thearda.com. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  4. "Population Mid Year Estimates". Trinidad and Tobago Central Statistical Office. Retrieved 27 Mey 2016. 
  5. Trinidad and Tobago 2011 Population and Housing Census Demographic Report (Report). Trinidad and Tobago Central Statistical Office. p. 2. http://www.tt.undp.org/content/dam/trinidad_tobago/docs/DemocraticGovernance/Publications/TandT_Demographic_Report_2011.pdf?download. Retrieved 27 May 2016. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects (PPP valuation of country GDP)". IMF. Retrieved 25 Februar 2017. 
  7. Carla, By. (12 Mairch 2013) Allowing govt to manage better | Trinidad Express Newspaper | Business Express. Trinidadexpress.com. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
  8. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  9. Archipelagic Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone Act No 24 of 1986
  10. "Treaty between the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Republic of Venezuela on the delimitation of marine and submarine areas, 18 April 1990" (PDF). The Unitit Naitions. Retrieved 2009-04-13. [deid airtin]
  11. "The 1990 Accord Replaces the 1942 Paris Treaty". Trinidad and Tobago News. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  12. "Background note Trinidad and Tobago". US Department of State. Retrieved August 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  13. "Trinidad and Tobago Country brief". The World Bank. Retrieved September 2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  14. Hill (1983), pp. 203-209.
  15. Hill (1983), pp. 8-10. See also, p. 284, n. 1.
  16. Quevedo (1983), pp. 2-14.