Jump to content

São Tomé an Príncipe

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Coordinates: 1°N 7°E / 1°N 7°E / 1; 7

Democratic Republic o
São Tomé an Príncipe

República Democrática de
São Tomé e Príncipe
Motto: "Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho" (Portuguese)
"Unity, Discipline, Labour"
Location o  São Tomé an Príncipe  (dark blue) – in Africae  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  São Tomé an Príncipe  (dark blue)

– in Africae  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

and largest city
São Tomé
0°20′N 6°44′E / 0.333°N 6.733°E / 0.333; 6.733
Offeecial leidsPortuguese
Recognised regional leids
  • São Toméan (Sao Tomean)[1]
  • Santomean
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential republic[2]
• Preses
Carlos Vila Nova
Jorge Bom Jesus
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
• frae Portugal
12 Julie 1975
• Total
1,001[3] km2 (386 sq mi) (171t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
199,910[4] (178t)
• 2013 census
• Density
187.17/km2 (484.8/sq mi) (69t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$685 million[5]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$355 million[5]
• Per capita
Gini (2010)33.9[6]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.574[7]
medium · 142nd
CurrencyDobra (STD)
Time zoneUTC+01[8] (Wast Africae Time (WAT))
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+239
ISO 3166 codeST
Internet TLD.st

São Tomé an Príncipe, officeeally the Democratic Republic o São Tomé an Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speakin island naition in the Gulf o Guinea, aff the wastren equatorial coast o Central Africa. It consists o twa islands: São Tomé an Príncipe, locatit aboot 140 kilometres (87 mi) apairt an aboot 225 kilometres (155 an 140 mi), respectively, aff the northwastren coast o Gabon. Baith islands are pairt o an extinct volcanic muntain range. São Tomé, the sizable soothren island, is situatit juist north o the equator. It wis named in honour o Saunt Thomas by Portuguese explorers who happened tae arrive at the island on his feast day.

São Tomé an Príncipe is the seicont-smawest African kintra in terms o population (the Seychelles being the smawest). It is the smawest kintra in the warld that is no a umwhile Breetish owerseas territory, a umwhile Unitit States trusteeship, or ane o the European microstates. It is an aa the smawest Portuguese-speakin kintra.


[eedit | eedit soorce]
  1. "Nationality". The World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 26 Juin 2015. Retrieved 17 Julie 2012.
  2. Octávio Amorim Neto; Marina Costa Lobo (2010). "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries". Social Science Research Network. SSRN 1644026. Missing or empty |url= (help); |access-date= requires |url= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  3. "Ministério Dos Negócios Estrangeiros e Comunidades da República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe". Archived frae the original on 8 Mairch 2019. Retrieved 9 Februar 2018.
  4. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  5. a b c d "São Tomé and Príncipe". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 Apryle 2013.
  6. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 26 Julie 2013.
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  8. Decree number 25/2017 Archived 2018-12-26 at the Wayback Machine