São Tomé an Príncipe

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Coordinates: 1°N 7°E / 1°N 7°E / 1; 7

Democratic Republic o
São Tomé an Príncipe

República Democrática de
São Tomé e Príncipe
Motto: "Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho" (Portuguese)
"Unity, Discipline, Labour"
Anthem: Independência total
Tot Unthirldom
Location o  São Tomé an Príncipe  (dark blue) – in Africae  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  São Tomé an Príncipe  (dark blue)

– in Africae  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

and largest city
São Tomé
0°20′N 6°44′E / 0.333°N 6.733°E / 0.333; 6.733
Offeecial leids Portuguese
Recognised regional languages
  • São Toméan (Sao Tomean)[1]
  • Santomean
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential republic[2]
• Preses
Evaristo Carvalho
Patrice Trovoada
Legislatur Naitional Assemmly
• frae Portugal
12 Julie 1975
• Total
1,001[3] km2 (386 sq mi) (171t)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
199,910[4] (178t)
• 2013 census
• Density
187.17/km2 (484.8/sq mi) (69t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$685 million[5]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Tot
$355 million[5]
• Per capita
Gini (2010) 33.9[6]
HDI (2015) Increase 0.574[7]
medium · 142nd
Currency Dobra (STD)
Time zone UTC+01[8] (Wast Africae Time (WAT))
Drivin side right
Cawin code +239
ISO 3166 code ST
Internet TLD .st

São Tomé an Príncipe, officeeally the Democratic Republic o São Tomé an Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speakin island naition in the Gulf o Guinea, aff the wastren equatorial coast o Central Africa. It consists o twa islands: São Tomé an Príncipe, locatit aboot 140 kilometres (87 mi) apairt an aboot 225 kilometres (155 an 140 mi), respectively, aff the northwastren coast o Gabon. Baith islands are pairt o an extinct volcanic muntain range. São Tomé, the sizable soothren island, is situatit juist north o the equator. It wis named in honour o Saunt Thomas by Portuguese explorers who happened tae arrive at the island on his feast day.

São Tomé an Príncipe is the seicont-smawest African kintra in terms o population (the Seychelles being the smawest). It is the smawest kintra in the warld that is no a umwhile Breetish owerseas territory, a umwhile Unitit States trusteeship, or ane o the European microstates. It is an aa the smawest Portuguese-speakin kintra.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Nationality". The World Factbook. Retrieved July 17, 2012. 
  2. Octávio Amorim Neto; Marina Costa Lobo (2010). "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries". Social Science Research Network. SSRN 1644026Freely accessible. 
  3. "Ministério Dos Negócios Estrangeiros e Comunidades da República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe". 
  4. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "São Tomé and Príncipe". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2013-04-17. 
  6. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  8. Decree number 25/2017