Jump to content


Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Coordinates: 4°35′S 55°40′E / 4.583°S 55.667°E / -4.583; 55.667

Republic o Seychelles

Motto: "Finis Coronat Opus" (Laitin)
"The End Crouns the Wark"
AnthemKoste Seselwa
Jyn thegither aw Seychellois
Location o  Seychelles  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)
Location o  Seychelles  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

4°37′S 55°27′E / 4.617°S 55.450°E / -4.617; 55.450
Lairgest ceetycapital
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
  • Seychellois
  • Seychelloise
  • Seselwa (Creole)
GovrenmentUnitar presidential republic
• Preses
Wavel Ramkalawan[1]
Ahmed Afif
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
• frae the Unitit Kinrick
29 Juin 1976
• Total
459 km2 (177 sq mi) (181st)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
94,228[2] (195t)
• Density
186.2/km2 (482.3/sq mi) (60t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.761 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$1.475 billion[3]
• Per capita
Gini (2007)65.8[4]
verra heich
HDI (2014)Increase 0.772[5]
heich · 64th
CurrencySeychellois rupee (SCR)
Time zoneUTC+4 (SCT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4 (nae observed)
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+248
ISO 3166 codeSC
Internet TLD.sc

Seychelles (/[unsupported input]sˈʃɛlz/ say-SHELZ; French: [sɛʃɛl]), offeecially the Republic o Seychelles (French: République des Seychelles; Creole: Repiblik Sesel), is an island kintra spannin an archipelago o 115 islands in the Indian Ocean, some 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east o mainland Africae, northeast o the island o Madagascar.

Ither nearbi island kintras an territories include Zanzibar tae the wast, Mauritius an Réunion tae the sooth, Comoros an Mayotte tae the soothwast. Seychelles, wi an estimatit population o 84,000, haes the smawest population o ony African state.[6]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Austronesian seafarers or Arab traders wur the first tae visit the uninhabitit Seychelles. The earliest recordit sichtin bi Europeans teuk place in 1502 bi the Portuguese Admiral Vasco da Gama, who passed through the Amirantes an named them efter hissel (islands o the Admiral).

A transit point for trade atween Africae an Asie, the islands wur occasionally uised bi pirates till the French began tae take control stairtin in 1756 when a Stone o Possession wis laid bi Caiptain Nicholas Morphey. The islands wur named efter Jean Moreau de Séchelles, Louis XV’s Meenister o Finance.[7]

The Breetish contestit control ower the islands atween 1794 an 1810. Jean Baptiste Quéau de Quincy, French administrator o Seychelles durin the years o war wi the Unitit Kinrick, declined tae resist when airmed enemy warships arrived.[8] Instead, he successfully negotiatit the status o capitulation tae Breetain which gave the settlers a privileged position o neutrality.

Breetain eventually assumed full control upon the surrender o Mauritius in 1810, formalised in 1814 at the Treaty o Paris. Seychelles became a croun colony separate frae Mauritius in 1903. Elections wur held in 1966 an 1970. Unthrildom wis grantit in 1976 as a republic athin the Commonweel.[9] In 1977, a coup d'état oostit the first preses o the republic, James Mancham, who wis replaced bi France Albert René.[10] The 1979 constitution declared a socialist ane-pairty state, which lastit till 1991. The first draft o a new constitution failed tae receive the requisite 60 percent o voters in 1992, but an amendit version wis approved in 1993.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. https://seychellen.com/en/wavel-ramkalawan-the-new-and-5th-president-of-the-seychelles/
  2. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  3. a b c d "Seychelles". International Monetary Fund.
  4. "GINI index". World Bank. Retrieved 26 Julie 2013.
  5. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  6. "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 4 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 11 Januar 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Virtual Seychelles". Archived frae the original on 22 August 2006. Retrieved 11 Januar 2011.
  8. "The Statehouse Cemetary". statehouse.gov.sc. 2010. Archived frae the original on 4 Apryle 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  9. "History of Seychelles". seychelles.com. 2009. Archived frae the original on 8 Juin 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  10. "The coup d'etat". seychellesweekly.com. 29 Juin 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2010.