Indian Ocean

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The Indian Ocean, nae includin the Antarctic region.

The Indian Ocean is the third lairgest o the warld's oceanic diveesions, coverin approximately 20% o the watter on the Yird's surface.[1] It is boondit bi Asie—includin Indie, efter which the ocean is named[2][3][4][5]—on the north, on the wast bi Africae, on the east bi Australia, an on the sooth bi the Soothren Ocean (or, dependin on defineetion, bi Antarctica.)[6]

As ane component o the Warld Ocean, the Indian Ocean is delineatit frae the Atlantic Ocean bi the 20° east meridian runnin sooth frae Cape Agulhas, an frae the Paceefic Ocean bi the meridian o 146°55' east.[7] The northrenmaist extent o the Indian Ocean is approximately 30° north in the Persie Gulf. The ocean is nearly 10,000 km (6,200 mi) wide at the soothren tips o Africae an Australie, an its aurie is 73,556,000 km² (28,350,000 mi²),[8] includin the Reid Sea an the Persie Gulf.

The ocean's volume is estimatit tae be 292,131,000 km³ (70,086,000 mi³).[9] Smaa islands dot the continental rims. Island naitions within the ocean are Madagascar (the warld's fowert lairgest island), Comoros, Seychelles, Maldives, Mauritius, an Sri Lanka. The archipelago o Indonesie borders the ocean on the east.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Indian Ocean and the Superpowers. Routledge. 1986. ISBN 9780709942412. 
  2. Harper, Douglas. "Online Etymology Dictionary". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 18 January 2011. 
  3. Indo-American relations : foreign policy orientations and perspectives of P.V. Narasimha Rao and Bill Clinton By Anand Mathur; Page 138 “India occupies the central position in the Indian Ocean region that is why the Ocean was named after India”
  4. Politics of the Indian Ocean region: the balances of power By Ferenc Albert Váli; Page 25
  5. Geography Of India For Civil Ser Exam By Hussain; Page 12-251; "INDIA AND THE GEO-POLITICS OF THE INDIAN OCEAN"(16-33)
  6. "'Indian Ocean' — Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online". Retrieved 2012-07-07. ocean E of Africa, S of Asia, W of Australia, & N of Antarctica area ab 28,350,500 square miles (73,427,795 square kilometers) 
  7. Limits of Oceans and Seas. International Hydrographic Organization Special Publication No. 23, 1953.
  9. Donald W. Gotthold, Julia J. Gotthold (1988). Indian Ocean: Bibliography. Clio Press. ISBN 1-85109-034-7. 

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