Sri Lanka

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Coordinates: 7°N 81°E / 7°N 81°E / 7; 81

Democratic Socialist Republic o Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Sinhalese)
Srī Lankā prajātāntrika samājavādī janarajaya
இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சோசலிச குடியரசு (Tamil)
Ilaṅkai jaṉanāyaka sōsalisa kuṭiyarasu
Anthem: "Sri Lanka Matha"
Mither Sri Lanka
Location o Sri Lanka
Location o Sri Lanka
Caipital Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

Colombo (Commercial)
6°56′N 79°52′E / 6.933°N 79.867°E / 6.933; 79.867
Lairgest ceety Colombo
Offeecial leids
Recognised Inglis
Ethnic groups (2012[2]) 74.9% Sinhalese
11.2% Sri Lankan Tamils
9.2% Sri Lankan Moors
4.2% Indie Tamils
0.5% ither
Demonym Sri Lankan
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Maithripala Sirisena
Ranil Wickremesinghe
Karu Jayasuriya
Priyasath Dep
Legislatur Parliament
Unthirldom frae the Unitit Kinrick
• Total
65,610 km2 (25,330 sq mi) (120t)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
21,444,000[4] (58t)
• 2012 census
20,277,597[5] (57t)
• Density
327/km2 (846.9/sq mi) (43rd)
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
• Total
$298.310 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
• Tot
$86.607 billion[6]
• Per capita
Gini (2010) 36.4[7]
HDI (2016) Increase 0.766[8]
heich · 73rd
Currency Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (SLST)
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd
Drivin side caur
Cawin code +94
ISO 3166 code LK
Internet TLD

The Democratic Socialist Republic o Sri Lanka (commonly kent as Sri Lanka (/[unsupported input]srˈlɑːŋkə/, /srˈlæŋkə/, or /ʃriː ˈlɑːŋkə/ ( listen));[9][10] Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා, Tamil: இலங்கை) is a kintra aff the soothren coast o the Indian subcontinent. An island naition in Sooth Asie, it wis till 1972 kent as Ceylon (/[unsupported input]sˈlɒn/, /sˈlɒn/, or /sˈlɒn/). Sri Lanka is surroondit bi the Indian Ocean, the Gulf o Mannar, the Palk Strait an lies in the vicinity o Indie an Maldives.

Sri Lanka is a republic an a unitary state which is governed bi a semi-presidential seestem wi its offeecial seat o government in Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, the caipital.

As a result o its location in the path o major sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic naval link atween Wast Asie an Sootheast Asie.[11] It haes an aa been a centre o the Buddhist releegion an cultur frae auncient times an is ane o the few remainin abodes o Buddhism in Sooth Asie alang wi Ladakh, Bhutan an the Chittagong hill tracts[12] The Sinhalese community forms the majority o the population; Tamils, who are concentratit in the north an east o the island, form the lairgest ethnic minority. Ither communities include Moors, Burghers, Kaffirs, Malays an the aboreeginal Vedda fowk.

The kintra is famous for the production an export o tea, coffee, coconuts, rubber an cinnamon, the latter which is native tae the kintra.[13] The naitural beauty Sri Lanka haes led tae the title The Pearl o the Indian Ocean, it is full o lush tropical forests, white beaches an diverse landscape throughoot alang wi a rich biodiversity. The kintra lays claim tae a lang an colorful history o ower three thoosan years, haein ane o the langest documentit histories in the warld. Sri Lanka's rich cultur can be attributit tae the mony different communities in the island. Sri Lanka is a foondin member state o SAARC an a member o the Unitit Nations, Commonweel o Naitions, G77 an Non-Aligned Movement.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Names o Sri Lanka

In auncient times, Sri Lanka wis kent bi a variety o names: auncient Greek geographers cawed it Taprobane[14] (/[unsupported input]təˈprɒbən/) an Arabs referred tae it as Serendib (the oreegin o the wird "serendipity").[15] Ceilão wis the name gien tae Sri Lanka bi the Portuguese when thay arrived in 1505,[16] which wis transliteratit intae Inglis as Ceylon.[17] As a Breetish croun colony, the island wis kent as Ceylon, an achieved unthirldom unner the name Dominion o Ceylon in 1948.

In Sinhala the kintra is kent as ශ්‍රී ලංකා śrī laṃkā, IPA: [ʃɾiːˈlaŋkaː], an the island itsel as ලංකාව laṃkāva, IPA: [laŋˈkaːʋə]. In Tamil thay are baith இலங்கை ilaṅkai, IPA: [iˈlaŋɡai]. The name derives frae the Sanskrit श्री लंका śrī (venerable) an lankā (island),[18] the name o the island in the auncient Indian epics Mahabharata an the Ramayana.

In 1972, the offeecial name o the kintra wis chynged tae "Free, Sovereign an Independent Republic o Sri Lanka". In 1978 it wis chynged tae the "Democratic Socialist Republic o Sri Lanka".[19]

The name Ceylon is still in uise in the names o a nummer o organisations; in 2011, the Sri Lankan government annoonced a plan tae rename aw o those for which it is responsible.[20]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Department of Official Languages". 
  2. "South Asia ::SRI LANKA". CIA The World Factbook. 
  3. "Sri Lanka Census of Population and Housing, 2011 – Population by Religion" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka. 20 April 2012. 
  4. Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka
  5. "Census of Population and Housing 2011 Enumeration Stage February – March 2012" (PDF). Department of Census and Statistics – Sri Lanka. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 6 December 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2016". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  8. "2016 Human Development Report Statistical Annex" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. p. 211. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  9. ""Sri Lanka" in several reference works". Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  10. "Carnegie Mellon University Pronouncing Dictionary". Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  11. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill described the moment a Japanese fleet prepared to invade Sri Lanka as "the most dangerous and distressing moment of the entire conflict." – Commonwealth Air Training Program Museum, The Saviour of Ceylon
  12. "". BBC News. 2002-10-02. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  13. "Cinnamon". Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2008. (species Cinnamomum zeylanicum), bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) native tae Bangladesh, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), the neighboring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma), and also cultivated in South America and the West Indies for the spice consisting of its dried inner bark. The bark is widely usied as a spice due tae its distinct odor. 
  14. Abeydeera, Ananda. "In Search of Taprobane: the Western discovery and mapping of Ceylon". Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  15. "Sri Lanka — The Pearl of the Orient". Metropolis. Archived frae the oreeginal on October 27, 2002. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  16. Rajasingham, K T. "Sri Lanka: The untold story". Asia Times. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  17. Zubair, Lareef. "Etymologies of Lanka, Serendib, Taprobane and Ceylon". Archived frae the oreeginal on April 22, 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  18. de Silva, Colin (14 February 1982). "Sri Lanka, The 'Resplendent Isle'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  19. "Chapter I — The People, The State And Sovereignty". THe Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2007-06-04. 
  20. Sri Lanka erases colonial name, Ceylon, BBC News, 1 January 2011