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Coordinates: 20°12′S 57°30′E / 20.2°S 57.5°E / -20.2; 57.5

Republic o Mauritius

Republic of Mauritius  (Inglis)
République de Maurice  (French)
Repiblik Moris  (Morisyen)
Banner o Mauritius
Coat o airms o Mauritius
Coat o airms
Motto: "Stella Clavisque Maris Indici" (Laitin)
French: L’étoile et la clé de l’océan Indien
"Starn an Key o the Indie Ocean"
Islands o the Republic o Mauritius
Islands o the Republic o Mauritius
Islands o the Republic o Mauritius
Islands o the Republic o Mauritius
and largest city
Port Louis
20°10′S 57°31′E / 20.167°S 57.517°E / -20.167; 57.517
Offeecial leidsNane [Note 1]
Naitional leidInglish an French[1][2]
Vernacular leids a
GovrenmentUnitar pairlamentar republic
• President
Prithvirajsing Roopun
Pravind Jugnauth
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
12 Mairch 1968
• Republic
12 Mairch 1992
• Total
2,040 km2 (790 sq mi) (169t)
• Water (%)
• Julue 2016 estimate
1,262,132[4] (156t)
• 2011 census
• Density
618.24/km2 (1,601.2/sq mi) (19t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$23.322 billion[6]
• Per capita
US$19,797[6] (66t)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
US$13.551 billion[6]
• Per capita
US$11,763[7] (68t)
Gini (2012)35.9[8]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.777[9]
heich · 63rd
CurrencyMauritian rupee (MUR)
Time zoneUTC+4 (MUT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drivin sidecaur
Cawin code+230
ISO 3166 codeMU
Internet TLD.mu
  1. The mither tongue o Mauritians (2011 Census).[3]

Mauritius (French: Maurice, [mɔʁis]; Mauritian Creole: Moris), offeecially the Republic o Mauritius (Inglis: Republic of Mauritius; French: République de Maurice; Mauritian Creole: Republik Moris), is an island naition aff the sootheast coast o the African continent in the soothwast Indian Ocean, aboot 900 kilometres (560 mi) east o Madagascar. In addition tae the island o Mauritius, the Republic includes the islands o Cargados Carajos, Rodrigues an the Agalega Islands. Mauritius Island is pairt o the Mascarene Islands, wi the French island o Réunion 200 km (120 mi) tae the soothwast an the island o Rodrigues 570 km (350 mi) tae the northeast.

The Breetish teuk control durin the Napoleonic Wars an Mauritius became independent frae the UK in 1968. Mauritius's aurie is 2040 km2 wi Port Louis for caipital. It is a parliamentary republic an is a member o the Soothren African Development Community, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the African Union, La Francophonie an the Commonweel o Naitions. Mauritius haes an upper middle income economy.

The main leids spoken in Mauritius are Mauritian Creole, French an Inglis. Inglis is the ae offeecial leid but the lingua franca is Mauritian Creole an the newspapers an telly programmes are uisually in French.[10] Rodriguan Creole an Mauritian Bhojpuri are minority leids an, in the case o Rodriguan creole, spoken in certaint pairts o the kintra anerlie. In terms o the ethnic composition o the kintra, the population is componed o fowk o Indian, African, Cheenese an French ancestries. Thare wur nae indigeneous fowk livin on the island.

The island o Mauritius is renowned for haein been the ae kent hame o the dodo. This bird wis an easy prey tae settlers due tae its wecht an inability tae flee. It became extinct less nor aichtie years later.

  1. The Mauritian Constitution daes nae mention ony offeecial leid, anly Section 49 mentions that the offeecial leid o the Naitional Assemmly shall be Inglis, while French mey be used.[1]


[eedit | eedit soorce]
  1. Article 49 in the Constitution of Mauritius Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. ilo.org
  2. "Republic of Mauritius, Government Portal (Mauritius)". Archived frae the original on 10 Mey 2011. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. a b c d Statistics Mauritius. "2011 POPULATION CENSUS – MAIN RESULTS" (PDF). Government Portal of Mauritius. Retrieved 11 November 2017. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  5. Statistics Mauritius. "Digest of Demographic Statistics 2013" (PDF). Government Portal of Mauritius: 22. Retrieved 28 Januar 2015. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. a b c "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 25 Julie 2014.
  7. "GDP per capita, current prices | IMF World Economic Outlook". EconStats. Archived frae the original on 14 Februar 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  8. "World Bank GINI index".
  9. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2015. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  10. "Coexistence International at Brandeis University" (PDF). Retrieved 4 Julie 2010.