Hindustani leid

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  • हिन्दुस्तानी  
  •   ہندوستانی
The wird "Hindustani" in Devanagari script an Perso-Arabic script
Native taeBihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand[1]
Native speakers
329 million (2001)[2]
L2 speakers: 215 million (1999)[2]
Staundart forms
Devanagari (Hindi alphabet)
Perso-Arabic (Urdu alphabet)
Braille (Hindi Braille an Pakistani Urdu Braille)
Kaithi (historical)
Indie Signin Seestem (ISS)[3]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
(as Hindi, Urdu)
(as Urdu)
(as Fiji Hindi)
Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit biCentral Hindi Directorate (Hindi, Indie),[6]
Naitional Leid Authority, (Urdu, Pakistan);
Naitional Cooncil for Promotion o Urdu Leid (Urdu, Indie)[7]
Leid codes
ISO 639-1hi, ur
ISO 639-2hin, urd
ISO 639-3Either:
hin – Staundart Hindi
urd – Urdu
Linguasphere59-AAF-qa tae -qf
Auries (reid) whaur Hindustani (Khariboli/Kauravi) is the native leid
This article contains IPA phonetic seembols. Withoot proper renderin support, ye mey see quaisten merks, boxes, or ither seembols insteid o Unicode chairacters. For an introductory guide on IPA seembols, see Help:IPA.

Hindustani (Hindi: हिन्दुस्तानी,[a] Urdu: ہندوستانی‎,[b] [ˌɦɪnd̪ʊsˈt̪aːniː], lit. 'of Hindustan'[9]), colloquially kent bi some as Hamari/Apni Boli (lit. our leid),[10][11] historically forby kent as Hindavi, Dehlvi an Rekhta, is the lingua franca o North Indie an Pakistan.[12][13]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. [Hindustānī] error: [undefined] error: {{transl}}: missin leid / script code (help): unrecognised leid / script code: hin (help)
  2. Hindūstānī

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 8 Julie 2016. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  2. a b Staundart Hindi L1: 260.1 million (2001), L2: 120.5 million (1999). Urdu L1: 68.6 million (2001-2014), L2: 94 million (1999): Ethnologue 19.
  3. "Punarbhava: Sign Language Interpreter Course". Archived frae the original on 24 December 2018. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2017.
  4. [1]
  5. a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 24 Mairch 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "uwispace.sta.uwi.edu" defined multiple times wi different content
  6. The Central Hindi Directorate regulates the uise o Devanagari script an Hindi spellin in Indie. Soorce: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction Archived 2010-04-15 at the Wayback Machine
  7. National Council for Promotion of Urdu Language
  8. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hindustani". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  9. "About Hindi-Urdu". North Carolina State University. Archived frae the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  10. "Hamari Boli - The Hindi Urdu Flagship at the University of Texas at Austin". hindiurduflagship.org.
  11. "Drawn from the same wellspring - The Express Tribune". 14 Mey 2016.
  12. Mohammad Tahsin Siddiqi (1994), Hindustani-English code-mixing in modern literary texts, University of Wisconsin, ... Hindustani is the lingua franca of both India and Pakistan ...
  13. Lydia Mihelič Pulsipher; Alex Pulsipher; Holly M. Hapke (2005), World Regional Geography: Global Patterns, Local Lives, Macmillan, ISBN 0-7167-1904-5, ... By the time of British colonialism, Hindustani was the lingua franca of all of northern India and what is today Pakistan ...