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Location o Jharkhand in Indie
Location o Jharkhand in Indie
Cairt o Jharkhand
Cairt o Jharkhand
Coordinates (Ranchi Patna): 23°21′N 85°20′E / 23.35°N 85.33°E / 23.35; 85.33
Kintra Indie
Established15 November 2000
Lairgest ceetyJamshedpur
 • GovrenorSyed Ahmed
 • Chief MeenisterHemant Soren (JMM)
 • LegislatureUnicameral (82 seats)
 • 14t Lok Sabha+ Rajya Sabha14+6
 • Total79,714 km2 (30,778 sq mi)
Area rank15t
 • Total32,966,238
 • Rank13t
 • Density414/km2 (1,070/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-JH
HDIIncrease 0.513 (medium)
HDI rank24t (2005)
Literacy67.6% (25t)
Offeecial leidsHindi, Santhali, Mundari, Bengali, HO, Kurukh,[1]

Jharkhand (Jhārkhaṇḍ, pronoonced [ˈdʒʱaːrkʰəɳɖ] ( listen);Hindi: झारखंड) is a state in eastren Indie. It wis carved oot o the soothren pairt o Bihar on 15 November 2000.[2] Jharkhand shares its border wi the states o Bihar tae the north, Uttar Pradesh an Chhattisgarh tae the wast, Odisha tae the sooth, an Wast Bengal tae the east. It haes an aurie o 30,778 sq mi (79,710 km2). The industrial ceety o Ranchi is its caipital an Dumka is sub caipital while Jamshedpur is the lairgest an the biggest industrial ceety o the state. Some o the ither major ceeties an industrial centres are Dhanbad, Bokaro an Hazaribagh.

The name "Jharkhand" means "The Land o Forests".[3]

Jharkhand accoonts for 40% o the mineral resoorces o Indie. Ranchi accoonts for 50% mineral production o the state, nearin aboot 18% o naition's mineral production.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. pp. 122–126. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 Mey 2012. Retrieved 16 Februar 2012.
  2. "Jharkhand – At a Glance". Archived frae the original on 5 Mey 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
  3. "India-Jharkhand Movement". mongabay.com. Retrieved 10 October 2013.