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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Ranchi ceety is seen frae Ranchi hill, kent as "Bariatu Hill" an aw.

Ranchi Aboot this soondpronunciation  (Hindi: राँची, Urdu: رانچی‎, Bengali: রাঁচি) is the caipital o the Indian state o Jharkhand. Jharkhand accoonts for 40% o the mineral resources o Indie. Ranchi accoonts for 50% mineral production o the state, nearin aboot 18% o naition's mineral production. For this reason Ranchi is cried the Manchester o the East an aw. Ranchi wis the centre o the Jharkhand movement[1] for a separate state for the tribal regions o Sooth Bihar, northren Orissa, Wastren Wast Bengal an the present eastren Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand State wis formed on 15 November 2000 bi carvin the Bihar diveesions o Chota Nagpur an Santhal Parganas.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Ranchi comes frae the oreeginal Oraon veelage Archi at the site.[2] Archi derives frae the Oraon wird for bamboo grove or stave. Accordin tae legend, efter an altercation wi a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit wi his bamboo stave or archi. The spirit shoutit archi, archi, archi an vanished; Archi became Rachi, and Rachi became Ranchi.[3] Up tae 1927, the place wis kent as Rachi. Ane historically significant neighborhuid is Doranda ('duran' 'दुरङ' means sang an 'daah' 'दअः' means water in the Mundari leid), atween the Hinoo & Harmoo Rivers, whaur the ceevil station, treasury an kirk established bi the Breetish Raj wur destroyed bi rebel forces durin the Sepoy Mutiny.[4] The present Purani (auld) Ranchi marks the site o the auld veelage o Archi.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Jharkhand Movement". Country Studies. Archived frae the original on 8 Julie 2011. Retrieved 7 Mey 2009.
  2. Cultural Configuration of Ranchi, Lalita Prasad Vidyarthi, Rajendra Behari Lal, India. Planning Commission. Research Programmes Committee, 1969, pg 306.
  3. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society Of Bengal, Volume 4, No. 11, 1927, "The Etymology of Ranchi, pg 601.
  4. Kaye's and Malleson's history of the Indian mutiny of 1857-8, Volume 4, By Sir John William Kaye, George Bruce Malleson, W.H. Allen, 1889, pg 95.

Coordinates: 23°21′20″N 85°20′05″E / 23.3556°N 85.3347°E / 23.3556; 85.3347