Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Official seal of Assam
Location o Assam in Indie
Location o Assam in Indie
Map o Assam
Map o Assam
Coordinates (Dispur): 26°08′N 91°46′E / 26.14°N 91.77°E / 26.14; 91.77
Kintra Indie
RegionNortheast Indie
Established15 August 1947; 73 years ago (1947-08-15)
Lairgest ceetyGuwahati
 • GovrenorJ B Patnaik
 • Chief MeenisterTarun Gogoi (INC)
 • LegislatureUnicameral (126 seats)
 • Pairlamentar constituency14
 • Heich CourtGauhati Heich Court
 • Total78550 km2 (30,330 sq mi)
Area rank16th
 • Total31,169,272
 • Rank14t
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
HDIIncrease 0.534 (middlin)
HDI rank22nd (2005)
Leeteracy73.18% (26t)[1]
Offeecial leidsAssamese,
Bengali (in Barak Glen),
Bodo (in Bodoland)
^[*] Assam haes haed a legislatur syne 1937 ^[*] Assam is ane o the oreeginal provinces o Breetish Indie

Assam ([æˈsæm], Aboot this soondpronunciation ; Assamese: অসম Ôxôm, /ɔxɔm/) is a northeastren state o Indie. Its caipital is Dispur, locatit athin the municipal aurie o Guwahati ceety. Locatit sooth o the eastren Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra an the Barak river glens alang wi the Karbi Anglong an the North Cachar Hills wi a aurie o 30,285 square miles (78,438 km²). Assam is surroondit bi sax o the ither Seiven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura an Meghalaya. Geografically Assam an these states are connectit tae the rest o Indie via a narrae strip o laund in Wast Bengal cried the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken's Neck".[2]

Assam shares internaitional borders wi Bhutan an Bangladesh; an culturs, fowks an climate wi Sooth-East Asie – important elements in Indie’s Leuk East policy.[3] Assam became a pairt o the Breetish Indie efter the Breetish occupee'd the region follaein the First Anglo-Burmese War o 1824–1826.

Assam is rich in cultur, ethnic groups, leids/dialacts spoken an leeteratur. It is kent for Assam tea, lairge an auld petroleum resoorces (the first ile reserves o Indie wur discovered in Assam in the late 19t century), Assam silk an for its rich biodiversity. Assam haes successfully conservit the ane-horned Indie rhinoceros frae near extinction, alang wi the teeger an numerous species o birds, an it provides ane o the last wild habitats for the Asie elephant. It is becomin an increasingly popular destination for wildlife tourism, an Kaziranga an Manas are baith Warld Heritage Steids.[4] Assam wis kent for its Sal tree forests an forest products an aw, hintle depletit nou. A laund o heich rainfaw, Assam is endowed wi lush greenery an the michty river Brahmaputra, whose tributars an oxbow locs provide the region wi a unique hydro-geomorphic an aesthetic environs.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Assam Population Sex Ratio in Assam Literacy rate data". Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  2. Dixit, K. M. (August 2002). "Chicken's Neck (Editorial)" (– Scholar search). Himal South Asian.[deid airtin]
  3. Sushanta Talukdar (20 Apryle 2012). "Assam has lead role in Look East effort: PM". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  4. World Heritage Centre, UNESCO. "World Heritage List".
Seiven Sister States

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]