Jump to content


Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Official seal of Assam
Location o Assam in Indie
Location o Assam in Indie
Map o Assam
Map o Assam
Coordinates (Dispur): 26°08′N 91°46′E / 26.14°N 91.77°E / 26.14; 91.77
Kintra Indie
RegionNortheast Indie
Established15 August 1947; 76 years ago (1947-08-15)
Lairgest ceetyGuwahati
 • GovrenorJ B Patnaik
 • Chief MeenisterTarun Gogoi (INC)
 • LegislatureUnicameral (126 seats)
 • Pairlamentar constituency14
 • Heich CourtGauhati Heich Court
 • Total78550 km2 (30,330 sq mi)
Area rank16th
 • Total31,169,272
 • Rank14t
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
HDIIncrease 0.534 (middlin)
HDI rank22nd (2005)
Leeteracy73.18% (26t)[1]
Offeecial leidsAssamese,
Bengali (in Barak Glen),
Bodo (in Bodoland)
^[*] Assam haes haed a legislatur syne 1937 ^[*] Assam is ane o the oreeginal provinces o Breetish Indie

Assam ([æˈsæm], Aboot this soondpronunciation ; Assamese: অসম Ôxôm, /ɔxɔm/) is a northeastren state o Indie. Its caipital is Dispur, locatit athin the municipal aurie o Guwahati ceety. Locatit sooth o the eastren Himalayas, Assam comprises the Brahmaputra an the Barak river glens alang wi the Karbi Anglong an the North Cachar Hills wi a aurie o 30,285 square miles (78,438 km²). Assam is surroondit bi sax o the ither Seiven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura an Meghalaya. Geografically Assam an these states are connectit tae the rest o Indie via a narrae strip o laund in Wast Bengal cried the Siliguri Corridor or "Chicken's Neck".[2]

Assam shares internaitional borders wi Bhutan an Bangladesh; an culturs, fowks an climate wi Sooth-East Asie – important elements in Indie’s Leuk East policy.[3] Assam became a pairt o the Breetish Indie efter the Breetish occupee'd the region follaein the First Anglo-Burmese War o 1824–1826.

Assam is rich in cultur, ethnic groups, leids/dialacts spoken an leeteratur. It is kent for Assam tea, lairge an auld petroleum resoorces (the first ile reserves o Indie wur discovered in Assam in the late 19t century), Assam silk an for its rich biodiversity. Assam haes successfully conservit the ane-horned Indie rhinoceros frae near extinction, alang wi the teeger an numerous species o birds, an it provides ane o the last wild habitats for the Asie elephant. It is becomin an increasingly popular destination for wildlife tourism, an Kaziranga an Manas are baith Warld Heritage Steids.[4] Assam wis kent for its Sal tree forests an forest products an aw, hintle depletit nou. A laund o heich rainfaw, Assam is endowed wi lush greenery an the michty river Brahmaputra, whose tributars an oxbow locs provide the region wi a unique hydro-geomorphic an aesthetic environs.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Assam Population Sex Ratio in Assam Literacy rate data". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  2. Dixit, K. M. (August 2002). "Chicken's Neck (Editorial)". Himal South Asian. Archived frae the original (– Scholar search) on 30 October 2006. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  3. Sushanta Talukdar (20 Apryle 2012). "Assam has lead role in Look East effort: PM". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  4. World Heritage Centre, UNESCO. "World Heritage List".
Seiven Sister States

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]