Bihar

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Bihar

बिहार
Offeecial seal o Bihar
Seal
Location o Bihar in Indie
Location o Bihar in Indie
Coordinates (Patna): 25°22′N 85°08′E / 25.37°N 85.13°E / 25.37; 85.13
KintraIndie
RegionAngika Region, Bhojpur Region, Magadh Region, Mithila Region
DiveesionPatna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger, Magadha
Established1912 (as Bihar)
CaipitalPatna
Lairgest ceetyPatna
Destricts38 total
Govrenment
 • BodiGovrenment o Indie, Govrenment o Bihar
 • GovrenorDevanand Konwar
 • Chief MeenisterNitish Kumar (JDU)
 • LegislaturBicameral (243 + 75 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency40
 • Heich CourtPatna Heich Court
Area
 • Total94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
Aurie rank12t
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Tot103,804,637
 • Rank3rd
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
UN/LOCODEINBR
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Vehicle registrationBR
HDIIncrease 0.367 (low)
HDI rank21st (2011)
Literacy63.82% (28t)
73.4% (male)
53.3% (female)
Offeecial leid(s)Hindi, Urdu, Maithili,[2]
Wabsteidgov.bih.nic.in

Bihar (/bˈhɑːr/, pronounced [bɪˈɦaːr] ( listen)) is a state in northren Indie.[3][4] It is the 12t lairgest state in terms o geografical size at 38,202 sq mi (98,940 km2) an 3rd lairgest bi population. Amaist 58% o Biharis is ablo the age o 25,[5] whilk is the heichest proportion in Indie.

The Bihar plain is dividit intae twa pairts bi the river Ganges whilk rins through the middle frae wast tae east.[6] Bihar haes notifee'd forest aurie o 6,764.14 km2,[7] whilk is 6.8% o its geografical aurie. Hindi an Urdu is the offeecial leids o the state, while the majority o the fowk speak Angika, Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Maithili and Bajjika. In 2000, Bihar wis divided intae 2 pairts, the Southren part kent as Jharkhand.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "census of india". Census of India 2001. Government of India. 27 May 2002. Retrieved 14 April 2007. 
  2. "National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities". Retrieved 10/12/2010.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. "State Profile". Bihar Government website. 
  4. "Food riots, anger as floods swamp South Asia". Reuters India. 22 August 2008. 
  5. Guruswamy, Mohan (15 December 2003). "The Economic Strangulation of Bihar" (PDF). Centre for Policy Alternatives, New Delhi, India.  Unkent parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  6. "State Profile". 
  7. "State Profile". Gov. of India.