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Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal

  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Banner o Nepal
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mither an Mutherland are Greater nor Heiven (Scots)
Location o Nepal
Location o Nepal
and largest city
27°42′N 85°19′E / 27.700°N 85.317°E / 27.700; 85.317
Offeecial leidsNepali
Recognised regional leids
Ethnic groups
81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreleegion[3][4]
GovrenmentFederal pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nanda Kishor Pun
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Agni Prasad Sapkota
Cholendra Shumsher JB Rana
25 September 1768[5]
• State declared
15 Januar 2007
• Republic declared
28 Mey 2008
• Total
147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) (95th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
28,825,709 (48t)
• 2011 census
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nt)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$74.020 billion[6]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Tot
$24.067 billion[6] ((107th))
• Per capita
Gini (2010)negative increase 32.8[7]
HDI (2016)Increase 0.558[8]
medium · 144th
CurrencyNepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (Nepal Staundart Time)
DST nae observed
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np

Nepal (pronounced /nɛˈpɔːl/ (deprecatit template) ne-PAWL[9] Nepali: नेपाल Aboot this soond[neˈpal] ), offeecially the Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal, is a landlockt kintra in Sooth Asie. It is locatit in the Himalayas an bordered tae the north bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an tae the sooth, east, an wast bi the Republic o Indie. Wi an aurie o 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) an a population o approximately 30 million, Nepal is the warld's 93rd lairgest kintra b land mass[10] an the 41st maist populous kintra. Kathmandu is the naition's caipital an the kintra's lairgest metropolis.

Nepal haes a rich geography. The muntainous north haes aicht o the warld's ten tawest muntains, includin the hichtest pynt on Yird, Munt Everest, cawed Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains mair nor 240 peaks ower 20,000 ft (6,096 m) abuin sea level.[11] The fertile an humid sooth is heavily urbanised.

Bi some measures, Hinduism is practised bi a lairger majority o fowk in Nepal than in ony ither naition.[12] Buddhism, tho a minority faith in the kintra, is linkt historically wi Nepal as the birthplace o the Buddha. Thare are 3 different buddhist tradeetions: Himalayan Buddhism, Buddhism o Kathmandu Valley (maistly Mahayana an Vajrayana), an an aa the Theravada Buddhism.

Aboot hauf o the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o $1.25 a day.[13]

A monarchy throughoot maist o its history, Nepal wis ruled bi the Shah dynasty o keengs frae 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its mony sma kinricks. In 2006, housomeivver, a decade-lang Fowkrevolution bi the Communist Pairty o Nepal (Maoist) alang wi several weeks o mass protests bi aw major poleetical pairties o Nepal culminatit in a peace accord, an the ensuin elections for the constituent assembly votit owerwhelmingly in favor o the abdication o the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah an the establishment o a federal democratic republic in 28 Mey 2008.[14] The first Preses o Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav, wis sworn in on 23 Julie 2008.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Nepal". Ethnologue. Retrieved 24 Apryle 2016. all Regional languages are now considered national language of Nepal
  2. a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 18 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help) Archived 2013-04-18 at the Wayback Machine
  3. 2011 Nepal Census Report Archived 18 Apryle 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Shrestha, Khadga Man (2005). "Religious Syncretism and Context of Buddhism in Modern Nepal". Voice of History. 20 (1): 51–60.
  5. "Nepal5". Royalark.net. Retrieved 14 Februar 2014.
  6. a b c d "Nepal". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 12 Mairch 2016.
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2017. Archived frae the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 22 Mairch 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Nepal". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public leebrar membership required.)
  10. "The World Factbook : Rank order population". CIA. Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  11. Shaha (1992), p. 1.
  12. "CIA Factbook, Nepal, "People" section". Cia.gov. Archived frae the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 29 Julie 2009.
  13. Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human an income poverty, p. 34. Retrieved on 1 Juin 2009
  14. "Nepal's first president sworn in". Radio Australia. 24 Julie 2008.