Nepal

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal
  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Banner o Nepal
Emblem o Nepal
Banner Emblem
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mither an Mutherland are Greater nor Heiven (Scots)
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made o Hunders o Flouers (Scots)
Location o Nepal
Location o Nepal
Capital
an lairgest ceety
Kathmandu
27°42′N 85°19′E / 27.700°N 85.317°E / 27.700; 85.317
Offeecial leids Nepali
Recognised regional leids
Ethnic groups (2011)
Releegion 81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreleegion[3][4]
Demonym Nepalese
Govrenment Federal pairlamentar republic
• Preses
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Nanda Kishor Pun
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Onsari Gharti Magar
Gopal Parajuli
Legislatur Pairlament
Unification
25 September 1768[5]
• State declared
15 Januar 2007
• Republic declared
28 Mey 2008
Aurie
• Tot
147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) (95th)
• Watter (%)
2.8
Population
• 2017 estimate
28,825,709 (48t)
• 2011 census
26,494,504[2]
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nt)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$74.020 billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,573[6]
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$24.067 billion[6] ((107th))
• Per capita
$837[6]
Gini (2010) negative increase 32.8[7]
middlin
HDI (2016) Increase 0.558[8]
middlin · 144th
Siller Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zone Nepal Staundart Time (UTC+05:45)
DST nae observed
Drives on the left
Cawin code +977
Internet TLD .np
.नेपाल

Nepal (pronounced /nɛˈpɔːl/ (deprecatit template) ne-PAWL[9] Nepali: नेपाल Aboot this soond [neˈpal] ), offeecially the Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal, is a landlockt kintra in Sooth Asie. It is locatit in the Himalayas an bordered tae the north bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an tae the sooth, east, an wast bi the Republic o Indie. Wi an aurie o 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) an a population o approximately 30 million, Nepal is the warld's 93rd lairgest kintra b land mass[10] an the 41st maist populous kintra. Kathmandu is the naition's caipital an the kintra's lairgest metropolis.

Nepal haes a rich geography. The muntainous north haes aicht o the warld's ten tawest muntains, includin the hichtest pynt on Earth, Munt Everest, cawed Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains mair nor 240 peaks ower 20,000 ft (6,096 m) abuin sea level.[11] The fertile an humid sooth is heavily urbanised.

Bi some measures, Hinduism is practised bi a lairger majority o fowk in Nepal than in ony ither naition.[12] Buddhism, tho a minority faith in the kintra, is linkt historically wi Nepal as the birthplace o the Buddha. Thare are 3 different buddhist tradeetions: Himalayan Buddhism, Buddhism o Kathmandu Valley (maistly Mahayana an Vajrayana), an an aa the Theravada Buddhism.

Aboot half o the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o $1.25 a day.[13]

A monarchy throughoot maist o its history, Nepal wis ruled bi the Shah dynasty o keengs frae 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its mony sma kinricks. In 2006, housomeivver, a decade-lang Fowkrevolution bi the Communist Pairty o Nepal (Maoist) alang wi several weeks o mass protests bi aw major poleetical pairties o Nepal culminatit in a peace accord, an the ensuin elections for the constituent assembly votit owerwhelmingly in favor o the abdication o the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah an the establishment o a federal democratic republic in 28 Mey 2008.[14] The first Preses o Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav, wis sworn in on 23 Julie 2008.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Nepal". Ethnologue. Retrieved 24 Aprile 2016. all Regional languages are now considered national language of Nepal 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics (Nepal). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 18 Aprile 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  3. 2011 Nepal Census Report Archived 18 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. Shrestha, Khadga Man (2005). "Religious Syncretism and Context of Buddhism in Modern Nepal". Voice of History. 20 (1): 51–60. 
  5. "Nepal5". Royalark.net. Retrieved 14 Februar 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Nepal". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 12 Mairch 2016. 
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011. 
  8. . United Nations Development Programme. 2017 http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf//. Retrieved 22 Mairch 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. "Nepal". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. "The World Factbook : Rank order population". CIA. 
  11. Shaha (1992), p. 1.
  12. "CIA Factbook, Nepal, "People" section". Cia.gov. Retrieved 29 Julie 2009. 
  13. Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human an income poverty, p. 34. Retrieved on 1 Juin 2009
  14. "Nepal's first president sworn in". Radio Australia. 24 Julie 2008.