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Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल
Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Banner o Nepal
Coat o airms o Nepal
Banner Coat o airms
Naitional motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी(Devanāgarī)
"Mither an Mitherland are Greater than Heaven"
Location o  Nepal  (Green)
Location o  Nepal  (Green)
Offeecial leid Nepal
Caipital Kathmandu
Lairgest ceety caipital

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -


Preses Bidhya Devi Bhandari

Khadga Prasad Oli

Area 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi)
Population 29,331,000
Foondin Kinrick declared 21 September 1768
State declared 15 Januar 2007
Republic declared 28 Mey 2008
Siller Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Naitional anthem "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka"
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .np
Cawin code +977

Nepal (pronounced /nɛˈpɔːl/ (deprecatit template) ne-pawl[1] Nepali: नेपाल Aboot this soond [neˈpal] ), offeecially the Federal Democratic Republic o Nepal, is a landlockt kintra in Sooth Asie. It is locatit in the Himalayas an bordered tae the north bi the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, an tae the sooth, east, an wast bi the Republic o Indie. Wi an aurie o 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) an a population o approximately 30 million, Nepal is the warld's 93rd lairgest kintra b land mass[2] an the 41st maist populous kintra. Kathmandu is the naition's caipital an the kintra's lairgest metropolis.

Nepal haes a rich geography. The muntainous north haes aicht o the warld's ten tawest muntains, includin the hichtest pynt on Earth, Munt Everest, cawed Sagarmatha in Nepali. It contains mair nor 240 peaks ower 20,000 ft (6,096 m) abuin sea level.[3] The fertile an humid sooth is heavily urbanised.

Bi some measures, Hinduism is practised bi a lairger majority o fowk in Nepal than in ony ither naition.[4] Buddhism, tho a minority faith in the kintra, is linkt historically wi Nepal as the birthplace o the Buddha. Thare are 3 different buddhist tradeetions: Himalayan Buddhism, Buddhism o Kathmandu Valley (maistly Mahayana an Vajrayana), an an aa the Theravada Buddhism.

Aboot half o the population live belaw the internaitional poverty line o $1.25 a day.[5]

A monarchy throughoot maist o its history, Nepal wis ruled bi the Shah dynasty o keengs frae 1768, when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its mony sma kinricks. In 2006, housomeivver, a decade-lang Fowkrevolution bi the Communist Pairty o Nepal (Maoist) alang wi several weeks o mass protests bi aw major poleetical pairties o Nepal culminatit in a peace accord, an the ensuin elections for the constituent assembly votit owerwhelmingly in favor o the abdication o the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah an the establishment o a federal democratic republic in 28 Mey 2008.[6] The first Preses o Nepal, Ram Baran Yadav, wis sworn in on 23 Julie 2008.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Nepal". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. "The World Factbook : Rank order population". CIA. 
  3. Shaha (1992), p. 1.
  4. "CIA Factbook, Nepal, "People" section". Retrieved 29 Julie 2009. 
  5. Human Development Indices, Table 3: Human an income poverty, p. 34. Retrieved on 1 Juin 2009
  6. "Nepal's first president sworn in". Radio Australia. 24 Julie 2008.