Madagascar

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Republic o Madagascar
Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
République de Madagascar
Republic of Madagascar
Banner o Madagascar
Seal o Madagascar
Banner Seal
Naitional motto: Tanindrazana, Fahafahana, Fandrosoana  (Malagasy)
Patrie, liberté, progrès  (French)
"Fatherland, Liberty, Progress"
(Inglis)
MDG orthographic.svg
Offeecial leid Malagasy, French, Inglis
Caipital Antananarivo
Lairgest ceety Antananarivo
Govrenment

Heid o State -
Prime Meenister -

Caretaker government

Preses Andry Rajoelina


Albert Camille Vital

Area 587,041 km2
226,597 sq mi
Population 20,653,556
Foondin 26 Juin 1960
Siller Malagasy ariary (MGA)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Naitional anthem Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Oor Belovit Faitherland
Naitional flouer
Patron saunt
Internet TLD .mg
Cawin code +261

The Republic o Madagascar (aulder name Malagasy Republic, French: République malgache, Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasʲˈkʲarə̥]) is an island naition in the Indian Ocean aff the sootheastren coast o Africae. The main island, an aa cawed Madagascar, is the fowert-lairgest island in the warld.

Most archaeologists believe Madagascar was first inhabitit sometime between 300 BC and 500 AD by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo and Sulawesi in the Indonesian archipelago. Suin afterward, Bantu migrants crossed the Mozambique Channel, an the population o the island began tae mix. Later Arab an East Africann migrants were added to the mix. Madagascar was ruled by the local Merina kingdom in the 19th century and was part of the French colonial empire from 1890 to 1960, when the current Republic of Madagascar became independent.

Malagasy, the local leid spoken bi the majority o the population, is an Austronesian leid an ane o the offeecial leids. The ither offeecial leids are French (offeecial syne unthirldom) an Inglis.

The primary releegions are Malagasy meethology an Christianity, but adherents tae ither faiths, Islam in particular, are foond throughoot the kintra.

Madagascar is hame tae as mony as 12,000 o the warld's plant species.[1] Approximately 80% o aw plant an animal species foond in Madagascar are endemic, including the lemur infraorder o primates, the carnivorous fossa, three bird families an three o the island's sax baobab species.[2]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Madagascar Flora. www.wildmadagascar.org, accessed on November 14, 2010.
  2. Hobbes, Joseph and Nolan, Andrew. World Regional Geography. Cengage Learning, 2008.