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Republic o Madagascar

  • Repoblikan'i Madagasikara  (Malagasy)
  • République de Madagascar  (French)
Banner o Madagascar
  • "Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana" (Malagasy)
  • "Amour, Patrie, Progrès" (French)
  • "Luve, Laund o Oor Auncestors, Progress"[1]
AnthemRy Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beluved Laund o oor Auncestors!
Location o  Madagascar  (daurk blue) – in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray) – in the African Union  (licht blue)
Location o  Madagascar  (daurk blue)

– in Africae  (licht blue & daurk gray)
– in the African Union  (licht blue)

and largest city
18°55′S 47°31′E / 18.917°S 47.517°E / -18.917; 47.517
Offeecial leids
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Malagasy,[3] Madagascan[4][5]
GovrenmentUnitar semi-presidential constitutional republic
• Preses
Andry Rajoelina
Christian Ntsay
Naitional Assembly
• frae Fraunce
26 Juin 1960
17 November 2010
• Total
587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi) (47t)
• Water
5,501 km2 (2,124 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2016[6] estimate
24,430,325 (52nt)
• 1993 census
• Density
35.2/km2 (91.2/sq mi) (174t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$40.055 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$10.372 billion[7]
• Per capita
Gini (2010)44.1[8]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.512[9]
law · 158th
CurrencyMalagasy ariary (MGA)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed[10])
Drivin sidericht
Cawin code+261[10]
ISO 3166 codeMG

The Republic o Madagascar (aulder name Malagasy Republic, French: République malgache, Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara [republiˈkʲan madaɡasʲˈkʲarə̥]) is an island naition in the Indian Ocean aff the sootheastren coast o Africae. The main island, an aa cawed Madagascar, is the fowert-lairgest island in the warld.

Most archaeologists believe Madagascar wis first inhabitit sometime atween 300 BC an 500 AD bi Austronesian peoples arrivin on outrigger canoes frae Borneo an Sulawesi in the Indonesian archipelago. Suin afterward, Bantu migrants crossed the Mozambique Channel, an the population o the island began tae mix. Later Arab an East Africann migrants war added tae the mix. Madagascar wis ruled bi the local Merina kingdom in the 19t century an wis pairt o the French colonial empire frae 1890 tae 1960, when the current Republic o Madagascar became independent.

Malagasy, the local leid spoken bi the majority o the population, is an Austronesian leid an ane o the offeecial leids. The ither offeecial leid is French (offeecial syne unthirldom).

The primary releegions are Malagasy meethology an Christianity, but adherents tae ither faiths, Islam in parteecular, are foond throughoot the kintra.

Madagascar is hame tae as mony as 12,000 o the warld's plant species.[11] Approximately 80% o aw plant an animal species foond in Madagascar are endemic, includin the lemur infraorder o primates, the carnivorous fossa, three bird families an three o the island's sax baobab species.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Le Comité Consultatif Constitutionnel (1 October 2010). "Projet de Constitution de la Quatrième République de Madagascar" (PDF) (in French). Madagascar Tribune. Archived (PDF) frae the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  2. "MADAGASCAR: general data". Archived frae the original on 9 Februar 2014. Retrieved 15 Julie 2013.
  3. "Demonyms – Names of Nationalities". Archived frae the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 15 Julie 2013.
  4. "Madagascan, adj. and n.". OED Online. December 2016. Oxford University Press. (accessed 27 February 2017).
  5. "Madagascan, Malagasy – National Geographic Style Manual". Archived frae the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 27 Februar 2017.
  6. Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Madagascar". The World Factbook. Archived frae the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  7. a b c d "Madagascar". International Monetary Fund.
  8. "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2011.
  9. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 Mairch 2017.
  10. a b Bradt (2011), p. 2.
  11. Madagascar Flora., accessed on November 14, 2010.
  12. Hobbes, Joseph and Nolan, Andrew. World Regional Geography. Cengage Learning, 2008.