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Lisbon (Lisboa)
Poster Lisbon.jpg
Offeecial name: Concelho de Lisboa
Name oreegin: Lisboa, Portuguese derivative o the Phoenicie Allis Ubbo for safe harbour; Laitin Ulyssippo efter Ulysses; an/or Roman Olissipona, for the name o the Tagus
Nickname: A Cidade das Sete Colinas (The Ceety o Seiven Hills), Rainha do Mar (Queen of the Sea)
Kintra Portugal
NUTS II Region Lisbon Metropolitan Aurie
NUTS III Subregion Lisbon Metropolitan Aurie
Destrict Lisbon
Municipality Lisbon
Cevil Parishes (see text)
River Tagus River
Location Lisbon
 - elevation 2 m (7 ft)
 - coordinates 38°42′49.72″N 9°8′21.79″W / 38.7138111°N 9.1393861°W / 38.7138111; -9.1393861Coordinates: 38°42′49.72″N 9°8′21.79″W / 38.7138111°N 9.1393861°W / 38.7138111; -9.1393861
Heichest pynt 227 m
 - location Serra de Monsanto, Benfica, Lisbon
 - elevation 199 m (653 ft)
 - coordinates 38°43′42.97″N 9°11′4.80″W / 38.7286028°N 9.1846667°W / 38.7286028; -9.1846667
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area 84.8 km2 (33 sq mi)
 - urban 958 km2 (370 sq mi)
 - metro 2,957 km2 (1,142 sq mi)
Population 547,631 (2011)
 - urban 3,051,000
 - metro 3,035,000
Density 6,458/km2 (16,726/sq mi)
Settlement fl. 719
 - Ceety c. 1256
LAU Concelho/Câmara Municipal
 - location Praça do Município, Lisbon, Grande Lisboa
 - elevation 33 m (108 ft)
 - coordinates 38°42′29″N 9°8′18″W / 38.70806°N 9.13833°W / 38.70806; -9.13833
Preses António Costa (PS)
Municipal Chair Maria Simonetta Bianchi Aires de Carvalho Luz Afonso (PS)
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 1149-014 Lisboa
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 21 XXX-XXXX
Demonym Lisboeta an Alfacinha
Patron Saunt São Vicente
Municipal Address Praça do Município, 1
1149-014 Lisboa
Location o the municipality o Lisbon in Portugal
Wikimedia Commons: Lisbon

Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa; Portuguese pronunciation: [liʒˈboɐ]) is the caipital an lairgest ceety o Portugal, wi a population o 564,657 athin its admeenistrative limits[1] on a land aurie o 84.8 km2 (33 sq mi). The urban aurie o Lisbon extends ayont the admeenistrative ceety limits wi a population o 2.4 million[2][3] on a aurie o 958 km2 (370 sq mi),[2] it is the 12t maist populous urban aurie in the European Union. Aboot 2,831,000[4][5] fowk live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Aurie (which represents approximately 27% o the population o the kintra) an 3.34 million fowk live in the broader agglomeration o Lisbon Metropolitan Region (includes ceeties rangin froe Leiria tae Setúbal).[6] Lisbon is the wastrenmaist lairge ceety locatit in Europe, as well as its wastrenmaist caipital ceety. It lies in the wastren Iberie Peninsulae on the Atlantic Ocean an the Tagus River, aboot 320 km (198.84 mi) northwast o Cape Spartel in Africae.

Lisbon is recognized as an alpha ceety acause o its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, airts, internaitional tred, education, an tourism.[7][8] It is ane o the major economic centres on the continent, wi a growin financial centre an the lairgest/seicont lairgest container port in the "Europe's Atlantic coast",[9] Lisbon Internaitional Airport serves aboot 13 million passengers per year, motorway network an hub o heich-speed rail (Alfa Pendular) linkin main ceeties in Portugal, an in 2013 will hae a rail's heich-speed connection tae Spain.[10] Lisbon is the 25th maist livable ceety in the Warld accordin tae lifestyle magazine Monocle.[11] The ceety is the seivent-maist-visitit ceety in Soothren Europe, efter Istanbul, Roum, Barcelona, Madrid, Athins, an Milan, wi aboot twa million tourists a year.[12] The Lisbon region is the wealthiest region in Portugal, GDP PPP per capita is 26,100 euros (it is heicher results o 4.7% frae the average European Union's GDP PPP per caipita). It is the tent richest metropolitan aurie bi GDP on the continent amoontin tae 98 billion euros an thus €34,850 per caipita.[13] This is 40% heicher than the average European Union's GDP per caipita. The ceety occupies 32nt place o heichest gross earnins in the warld.[14] Maist o the heidquarters o multinaitionals in the kintra are locatit in the Lisbon aurie an it is the nint ceety in the warld in terms o quantity o internaitional conferences.[15] It is an aa the poleetical centre o the kintra, as seat o Govrenment an residence of the Heid o State. The seat o the destrict o Lisbon an the centre o the Lisbon region.

Lisbon is ane o the auldest ceeties in the warld. Julius Caesar made it a municipium cawed Felicitas Julia, addin tae the name Olissipo. Ruled bi a series o Germanic tribes frae the fift century, it wis captured bi the Moors in the aicht century. In 1147, the Crusaders unner Afonso Henriques reconquered the ceety for the Christians an syne then it haes been a major poleetical, economic, an cultural centre o Portugal. Unlike maist caipital ceeties, Lisbon's status as the caipital o Portugal haes niver been grantit or confirmed offeecially – bi statute or in written form. Its position as the caipital haes formed through constitutional convention, makin its position as de facto caipital a pairt o the Constitution o Portugal.

Lisbon hosts twa agencies o the European Union: the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) an the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). The Community o Portuguese Leid Kintras (CPLP) is an aa heidquairtered in Lisbon.

Lisbon haes twa sites leetit bi UNESCO as a Warld Heritage Steid: Belém Touer an Jerónimos Monastery. Furthermair, in 1994, Lisbon wis the European Caipital o Cultur an in 1998 organized an Expo '98 (1998 Lisbon World Exposition).

Lisbon enjoys a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate. Amang aw the metropolises in Europe, it heas the warmest winters, wi average temperatures 15 °C (59 °F) durin the day an 8 °C (46 °F) at nicht in the period frae December tae Februar. The typical simmer's saison lasts aboot sax months, frae Mey tae October, although an aa in November, Mairch an Aprile temperatures sometimes reach aroond 20 °C (68.0 °F).

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lisbon is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Uma população que se urbaniza, Uma avaliação recente – Cidades, 2004 Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Demographia: World Urban Areas, March 2010
  3. Urban Audit – Larger Urban Zone. "Lisboa". 
  4. Unitit Naitions Department o Economic an Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision), (United Nations, 2010), Table A.12. Data for 2007.
  5. ITDS, Rui Campos, Pedro Senos (2009-06-30). "Statistics Portugal". Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  6. Fernando Nunes da Silva (2005), Alta Velocidade em Portugal, Desenvolvimento Regional, Censur ist
  7. "The World According to GaWC 2008". Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, Loughborough University. Retrieved 3 Mairch 2009. 
  8. "Inventory of World Cities". Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  9. "Avance del Plan Territorial Sectorial de la Red Intermodal y Logística del Transporte de la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco" – Eusko Jaurlaritza – Gobierno Vasco
  10. "Alta Velocidade em Síntese". Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  11. "Monocle, Issue June 2009". 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  12. Bremner, Caroline (12 December 2008). "Euromonitor International's Top City Destinations Ranking". Euromonitor International. Retrieved 2 Mairch 2010. 
  13. "Global city GDP rankings 2008–2025". Pricewaterhouse Coopers. Retrieved 16 December 2009. [deid airtin]
  14. "Ranking: The richest cities in the world" – City
  15. "Lisboa é 9ª cidade que mais recebe congressos internacionais" – Agência LUSA
  16. "::Bethlehem Municipality::". Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  17. "Sister cities of Budapest" (in Hungarian). Official Website of Budapest. Retrieved 2009-07-01. [deid airtin]
  18. city council webpage "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas" Check |url= value (help). Ayuntamiento de Madrid. 
  19. Prefeitura.Sp – Descentralized Cooperation[deid airtin]
  20. "International Relations – São Paulo City Hall – Official Sister Cities". Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  21. "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". © 2006–2009 City of Zagreb. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  22. "Sister cities of Beijing". Official Website of Beijing. Retrieved 2009-07-11.